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cia_65452_65452_01.txt
Subject: IRAQI NUCLEAR
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
DIRECTOR 736891
SUBJECT: SPECIAL BRIEFINGS
IN ADDITION TO ATTEMPTING TO BUILD HIGH-
SPEED CENTRIFUGES TO ENRICH URANIUM, IRAQ ALSO HAD DEVELOPED
ELECTROMAGNETIC ISOTOPE SEPARATION (EMIS), ALSO KNOWN AS THE CALUTRON
METHOD.
IRAQ HAD REPORTEDLY PRODUCED ENOUGH MATERIAL FOR A
NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE TEST--ESTIMATED TO BE ABOUT 25 TO 30 KILOGRAMS.
BAGHDAD WAS OPERATING APPROXIMATELY 25 CALUTRON UNITS; 20 AT TARMIYA
WHERE URANIUM WAS ENRICHED TO 35 PERCENT, AND 5  AT  TUWAITHA  WHERE
ENRICHMENT LEVELS OF APPROXIMATELY 95 PERCENT WERE ACHIEVED.
FACILITIES INVOLVED WITH THE NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM ARE:
 --A FACILITY IN BAGHDAD ACROSS FROM THE SHERATON AND MERIDIAN
HOTELS. THIS IS THE NEW HEADQUARTERS OF THE WEAPONS PROGRAM.
THIS SITE WAS NOT BOMBED
DURING THE WAR
  --A SITE AT MUSAIB (JUST SOUTH OF BAGHDAD) KNOWN AS THE AL
ATHEER PLANT, WHERE IRAQ REPORTEDLY WAS  TO  CONSTRUCT  ITS  NUCLEAR
WEAPONS. THIS SITE WAS NOT BOMBED AND WAS RECENTLY COMPLETED.
HOWEVER, THE IRAQIS EXPECTED THE SITE TO BE BOMBED AND MOVED
MATERIALS FROM THE FACILITY.
--AN AREA OF TUWAITHA KNOWN AS AL SALEEL, WHICH WAS THE
HEADQUARTERS OF IRAQ'S NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM. ONE FACILITY IN AL
SALEEL CONTAINED THE 5 CALUTRONS THAT WERE USED  TO  ENRICH  URANIUM
FROM 35 TO 95 PERCENT.
 --LOCATIONS KNOWN AS AL RABBIYAH AND AL DIJJLA. BOTH ARE
LOCATED IN OR NEAR ZAFARANIYAH, A SUBURB OF BAGHDAD. AL RABBIYAH WAS
A MECHANICAL WORKSHOP FOR PRODUCTION OF CALUTRONS. 5 OR 6
COMPUTERIZED MACHINE TOOLS ARE LOCATED HERE THAT PROBABLY WERE NOT
MOVED IN PREPARATION FOR IAEA INSPECTIONS. AL DIJJLA IS WHERE  POWER
SUPPLIES WERE PRODUCED FOR CALUTRONS. THE FACILITY WAS REPORTEDLY
CLEANED OUT IN ANTICIPATION OF INSPECTIONS. NEITHER SITE WAS DAMAGED
BY BOMBING.
--TARMIYA, ALSO KNOWN AS THE AL SAFAA PLANT, WAS THE SITE OF 20
CALUTRONS USED TO ENRICH URANIUM TO 35 PERCENT. THESE WERE LOCATED
IN 2 BUILDINGS AT THE SITE. IRAQ ALSO CONDUCTS PHYSICS RESEARCH AT
TARMIYA.
--A LOCATION IMMEDIATELY OUTSIDE TUWAITHA WHERE PARTS FOR THE
ENRICHMENT PROGRAM WERE REPORTEDLY STORED. THIS BUILDING WAS NOT
BOMBED.
 --THE AL JAZIRAH PLANT, LOCATED NEAR MOSUL. THIS PLANT
CONVERTED URANIUM FEED MATERIAL INTO URANIUM TETRACHLORIDE WHICH THEN
SERVED AS FEED MATERIAL FOR THE CALUTRONS AT TARMIYA.
IRAQ HAD PRODUCED 25-30 KILOGRAMS OF ENRICHED
URANIUM.
END OF MESSAGE
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