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cia_65579_65579_01.txt
Subject: IRAQI  NUCLEAR PROGRAM
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
DIRECTOR 723277
A.          INFORMATION ON
BAGHDAD'S NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM.
INFORMATION FOCUSES ON IRAQ'S PRODUCTION OF HIGHLY ENRICHED
URANIUM FOR WEAPONS AND ON LOCATIONS OF ADDITIONAL NUCLEAR
WEAPONS FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT.
IN ADDITION TO
ATTEMPTING TO BUILD HIGH-SPEED  CENTRIFUGES TO ENRICH
URANIUM, IRAQ ALSO HAD DEVELOPED ELECTROMAGNETIC ISOTOPE
SEPARATION (EMIS), ALSO KNOWN AS THE CALUTRON METHOD
IRAQ
HAD REPORTEDLY PRODUCED ENOUGH MATERIAL VIA EMIS FOR A
NUCLEAR EXPLOSIVE TEST--ESTIMATED TO BE ABOUT 25 TO 30
KILOGRAMS. BAGHDAD WAS OPERATING APPROXIMATELY 25 CALUTRON
UNITS; 20 AT TARMIYA WHERE URANIUM WAS ENRICHED TO 35%, AND
5 AT TUWAITHA WHERE ENRICHMENT LEVELS OF APPROXIMATELY 95%
WERE ACHIEVED.
CALUTRONS WERE IN USE AT TUWAITHA.
INFORMATION ON
FACILITIES INVOLVED WITH THE  NUCLEAR  WEAPONS  PROGRAM:
1. A FACILITY IN BAGHDAD ACROSS FROM  THE  SHERATON
AND MERIDIAN HOTELS. THIS IS THE TEMPORARY
HEADQUARTERS OF THE WEAPONS PROGRAM. REPORTEDLY,
SOME MATERIALS WERE MOVED HERE AFTER THE PASSAGE OF
UNSCR 687.
2. A SITE IN MUSAYYIB (JUST SOUTH OF BAGHDAD)
KNOWN AS THE AL ATHEER PLANT,
WAS TO CONSTRUCT ITS NUCLEAR WEAPONS. THIS  SITE  AS
NOT BOMBED AND WAS REPORTEDLY RECENTLY COMPLETED.
HOWEVER, THE IRAQIS EXPECTED THE SITE TO  BE  BOMBED
AND MOVED MATERIALS FROM THE FACILITY.
3. PC-3 FACILITIES AT TUWAITHA WERE KNOWN AS AL
ASEEL, AND COMPRISED THE HEADQUARTERS OF IRAQ'S
NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM. ONE FACILITY  IN  AL  ASEEL
CONTAINED THE 5 CALUTRONS THAT WERE USED TO ENRICH
URANIUM FROM 35% TO 95%.
4. LOCATIONS KNOWN AS AL RABEE-AH AND AL DIJJLA.
BOTH ARE LOCATED IN OR NEAR ZAFARANIYAH, A SUBUR  OF
BAGHDAD. AL RABEE-AH WAS A MECHANICAL WORKSHOP FOR
PRODUCTION OF CALUTRONS.
 AL
 DIJJLA IS WHERE POWER SUPPLIES WERE PRODUCED FOR
CALUTRONS.
NEITHER SITE WAS
DAMAGED BY BOMBING.
5. TARMIYA, ALSO KNOWN AS THE AL SAFAA PLANT, WAS
THE SITE OF THE 20 CALUTRONS USED TO ENRICH  URANIUM
TO 35%. THESE WERE LOCATED IN 2 BUILDINGS AT THE
 SITE. IRAQ ALSO CONDUCTED PHYSICS RESEARCH AT
TARMIYA.
6. A LOCATION IMMEDIATELY OUTSIDE TUWAITHA HERE
PARTS FOR THE ENRICHMENT PROGRAM WERE REPORTEDLY
STORED. ALSO OUTSIDE TUWAITHA IS A FACILITY WHEE
MAGNETIC COILS  AND  INSULATORS  WERE  MANUFACTURED.
NEITHER OF THESE FACILITIES WERE BOMBED.
7. THE AL JAZIRAH PLANT, LOCATED NEAR MOSUL IN
NORTHERN IRAQ. THIS  PLANT  CONVERTED  URANIUM  FEED
MATERIAL INTO URANIUM TETRACHLORIDE WHICH THEN
SERVED AS FEED MATERIAL FOR THE CALUTRONS AT
TARMIYA.
8. ANOTHER FACILITY IN NORTHERN IRAQ KNOWN  AS  THE
AL FAJAR FACTORY NEAR ASH SHARQAT.
AL FAJAR WAS TO BE A CALUTRON
FACILITY FOR ENRICHING URANIUM TO WEAPONS GRADE.
END OF MESSAGE
1.5(c)
65579:65579
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