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cia_64193_64193_01.txt
Subject: IRAQI AL QAIM CHEMICAL FACILITY
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON
REQUEST.
DEC 90     DIRECTOR 433380
WARNING: INFORMATION REPORT NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE
COUNTRY: IRAQ
SUBJ: 1. COMMENTS ON IRAQI AL QAIM CHEMICAL FACILITY AND
ITS DEFENSES
DOI:          1990
E. INSIDE THE "CHOCOLATE FACTORY" BUT OUTSIDE THE
BARRACKS AREA WERE 18 METAL VATS, EACH ABOUT 20 FEET HIGH AND 10 FEET
IN DIAMETER. THERE WERE "BIG MIXING PADDLES  WITH  MOTORS  ON  TOP  GOING
ALL THE TIME."              FREQUENTLY  SAW  TECHNICIANS,  WEARING   BLUE
SMOCKS AND CARRYING CLIPBOARDS, WHO WOULD TAKE SOME SORT OF READINGS;
THERE WAS ALSO A SENSOR THAT WOULD SOUND AN ALARM OCCASIONALLY. WHEN
THE ALARM SOUNDED, THE TECHNICIANS WOULD HURRY TO ASCERTAIN THE
PROBLEM. ONE DAY IN EARLY NOVEMBER THE SENSOR ACTIVATED A WATER
SYSTEM WHICH DOUSED THE 18 VATS AT THE "CHOCOLATE FACTORY." TWO DAYS
LATER, THE ENTIRE AL QAIM  FACILITY  WAS  SHUT  DOWN--OSTENSIBLY  BECAUSE
OF THE        SABOTAGE EFFORTS                                    THE VATS WERE
OUTSIDE THE FACTORY, AND WERE ARRANGED IN THREE PARALLEL LINES, SIX
VATS TO A LINE. ON THE SIDE OF THE VATS OPPOSITE THE FACTORY WAS A
TWO-STORY CINDERBLOCK BUILDING. ON THE FIRST FLOOR OF THIS BUILDING
WERE RED AND GREEN LIGHTED INSTRUMENT  PANELS  WHICH  WERE  VISIBLE  AT
NIGHT FROM THE           BARRACKS. ON THE  SECOND  FLOOR,  TWO  OR  THREE
WHITE-SMOCKED PEOPLE COULD BE SEEN. BELOW THE VATS WAS A MOAT IN
WHICH THE WATER LEVEL WAS CONSTANTLY CHECKED AND ADJUSTED. THE
STAGNANT WATER IN THE MOAT WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR A MOSQUITO PROBLEM IN
THE COMPOUND.                          SURMISED THAT THE VATES  WERE  MADE  BY A
COMPANY, AS PHOTOGRAPHS OF SIMILIAR VATS ON THE  WALL  OF  THE
"CHOCOLATE FACTORY" WERE LABLED           AT  THE  "CHOCOLATE   FACTORY"
THE           ALSO SAW           SHIPPING BOXES, WHICH SPELLED THE
LOCATION "AL KAIM."
F.  DURING TRIPS TO HOSPITALS AND TO THE CABIN CAMP FOR
EXERCISE                    ABLE TO OBSERVE THE  AREA  FROM  OUTSIDE  THE
"CHOCOLATE FACTORY" CONCRETE ENCLOSURE TO THE MAIN FACILITY AT AL
QAIM. THE ENTIRE FACILITY MEASURES APPROXIMATELY 8 KM BY 8 OR 10 KM,
AND GUARDS SAID IT WAS 8 YEARS OLD. THE MAIN PLANT WAS "HUGE" AND
HAD "HUGE" PILES OF GREEN AND WHITE MATERIAL OUTSIDE IT.
THE GREEN MATERIAL PROBABLY WAS SULPHUR, THE WHITE MATERIAL
PROBABLY WAS AMMONIA.) WHEN THE WIND BLEW, THE AMMONIA-SMELLING
WHITE SUBSTANCE WOULD LIGHTLY COAT EVERYTHING.          AL
QAIM, DEVELOPED SKIN RASHES CHARACTERIZED BY BLISTERS; THESE
RASHES  DISAPPEARED  COMPLETELY  WHEN  THE  FACILITY  STOPPED  OPERATING.
"A LOT" OF PHOSPHOROUS WAS SEEN  AT  THE  FACILITY.  THERE  WAS  CONSTANT
RAIL TRAFFIC INTO AND OUT OF THE MAIN PLANT, AND THE BOXCARS--
GENERALLY 10 TO 15 PER  LOCOMOTIVE--WERE  ALWAYS  COVERED.  THERE  WERE
ALWAYS AT LEAST 100 CARS SITTING ON TRAIN SPURS. THE "CHOCOLATE
FACTORY" WAS LOCATED APPROXIMATELY 200 METERS FROM A ROAD, AND THE
COULD HEAR TRUCKS CONTINUALLY PASSING BY.
C.                                   THE IRAQIS CONDUCTED A MISSILE
TEST-FIRING, THE MISSILE MISFIRED, WENT STRAIGHT UP, AND THEN FELL
AND   EXPLODED                                       THE
MISSILE EVIDENTLY DESTROYED THE          AND, PRESUMABLY, KILLED
ONE OR TWO            AS WELL. THREE DAYS LATER THE IRAQIS DID ANOTHER
MISSILE TEST-FIRING.  THIS MISSILE WENT DOWNRANGE, AND
HEARD BUT DID NOT SEE THE EXPLOSION.            NOTED THAT THESE TEST-
FIRED MISSILES WERE SURFACE-TO-SURFACE AND PROBABLY WERE OF RUSSIAN
OR            MAKE. NO ADDITIONAL MISSILE TEST-FIRINGS WERE CONDUCTED
AFTER THIS SECOND,  APPARENTLY  SUCCESSFUL  TEST.
END OF MESSAGE
1.5(c)
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