Necessity of EU's compliance with its JCPOA commitments
IRNA - Islamic Republic News Agency
Tehran, May 14, IRNA -- The meeting of the EU foreign ministers in Brussels and the visit of the US Secretary of State to Europe to negotiate with European officials on Iran indicates that the developments related to JCPOA take a more serious stride and Europe is bound to be more committed.
Recent developments related to the JCPOA in these days are sensitive. After the US withdrawal from the JCPOA on May 8, 2018, and the resumption of Iran's sanctions last week gave the remaining signatories of the 2015 nuclear deal, 60 days to meet their obligations, especially in banking and oil fields, and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani emphasized that "whenever our demands are met, we will resume the same amount of suspended commitments, but otherwise, Iran will suspend its other commitments stage by stage.
After the announcement of the suspension of part of the commitments by Iran, the European officials showed various reactions that signaled the importance of the JCPOA. But in the end, the foreign ministers of the member states of the nuclear deal, including Britain, France and Germany, along with the EU foreign policy chief, decided at the first meeting of the EU foreign ministers to review the latest developments related to Iran's agreement and Iran's decision.
In this context, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo shortened his trip to Russia to meet with senior European officials in Belgium. According to the schedule today he is to meet with Russian officials in Sochi.
Pompeo recently canceled his trip to Germany and unexpectedly traveled to Iraq and met with senior officials in the country.
** Brussels meeting; reviewing Iran's decision on JCPOA
The meeting of the EU foreign ministers in Brussels on Monday, was their first meeting after Iran's ultimatum. In the meeting that was attended by British Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt, French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, German Foreign Minister Haiku Moss and EU Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini expressed hope that the first transaction of INSTEX would take place within the next few weeks.
They emphasized Europe's commitment to full implementation of the JCPOA.
Federica Mogherini, the European Union's diplomatic chief, stressed the need for dialogue Mogherini. The EU continues to fully support the accord, which imposed limits on Iran's nuclear program in return for sanctions relief.
'It's always better to talk than rather not to, especially when tensions arise,' she said.
'Mike Pompeo heard that very clearly from us today, not only from myself, but also from other EU member states, that we are living in a crucial delicate moment where the most responsible attitude to take is that of maximum restraint.'
In response to another question, she said, 'On behalf of Europe, I declare that we are determined to fulfill our obligations in this agreement until Iran complies with its obligations.'
Recalling that the IAEA has so far endorsed Iran's commitment to the JCPOA, Mogherini stated that Foreign ministers from 28 European countries also insist that the IAEA is the only reference point for Iran's compliance assessment.
Although Europe has had full political support, it has not been able to achieve tangible results.
The Islamic Republic of Iran repeatedly proclaimed its protest against the procrastination of the European countries and insisted that only political declarations could not keep things going.
After Mogherini's remarks, the governor of the Central Bank of Iran, Abdel Nasser Hemmati, in an instagram note while criticizing the repeated European sentences to launch a financial mechanism, wrote, 'About a year ago, Europe was seeking a financial mechanism to trade with Iran until it finally introduced it three months ago.'
Europe's cool look at presence of Pompeo
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo came to Brussels in the middle of his trip to Sochi to meet senior Russian officials who faced cold welcome by Europe.
The Washington Post wrote in a report on the European Union Foreign Ministers meeting today that the meeting has been disrupted by a sudden trip of the US Secretary of State.
Mogherini was reluctant to accept Pompeo due to intense work plan. In a report by Michael Bernabe , the American newspaper wrote, 'Many European leaders are angry with President Donald Trump's actions against Iran, and Mogherini, the foreign policy chief of the European Union, welcomed Pompeo with reluctance.'
Mogherini told reporters before the EU foreign ministers meeting in Brussels last night that 'we were told that Pompeo plans to change the plan. We are here all day with a busy agenda. So, during the day, we should see if we can arrange a meeting with him. He is always welcome, but we do not have any exact plans right now.'
A Wall Street Journal correspondent, Lawrence Norman, wrote on Monday that 'the European Union foreign ministers did not take photos with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in Brussels.'
'A senior European diplomat told me that Pompeo came to Brussels to take the opportunity to take a memorial photo to represent the position of Europe and America against Iran,' Norman added on his Twitter page. 'He wanted to take a photo, but we rejected the request and pursued the agenda.'
The JCPOA and the JCPOA-related development are in sensitive days; issues such as increased unilateral sanctions by the Trump government, increased tension between Iran and the United States, and the developments associated with the implementation of the INSTEX and trade exchanges are becoming more complex every day. Now the ball is in the court of Europe, and European countries must demonstrate their compliance with their commitment toward Iran.
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