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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

ICJ orders US to lift Iran sanctions linked to humanitarian goods, civil aviation

ISNA - Iranian Students' News Agency

Wed / 3 October 2018 / 13:40

Tehran (ISNA) - The International Court of Justice (ICJ), the UN's top court, has ordered the US to lift sanctions linked to humanitarian goods and civil aviation imposed against Iran.

US President Donald Trump moved to restore sanctions in May after withdrawing from Tehran's nuclear accord with world powers. Iran challenged the sanctions in a case filed in July at the International Court of Justice.

In a preliminary ruling in the case, the court said on Wednesday that Washington must "remove, by means of its choosing, any impediments arising from" the re-imposition of sanctions to the export to Iran of medicine and medical devices, food and agricultural commodities and spare parts and equipment necessary to ensure the safety of civil aviation.

Sanctions on aircraft spare parts had the "potential to endanger civil aviation safety in Iran and the lives of its users", the judges said.

The ruling is a victory for Tehran, which had argued the sanctions imposed since May violate the terms their 1955 Treaty of Amity.

In its decision, the court said that the U.S. sanctions "have the potential to endanger civil aviation safety" in Iran and that sanctions limiting sales of goods required for humanitarian needs such as food, medicines and medical devices "may have a serious detrimental impact on the health and lives of individuals on the territory of Iran."

The court said that the Trump administration must "ensure that licenses and necessary authorizations are granted" and payments not restricted if they are linked to the humanitarian and aviation goods.

The court also told both the United States and Iran to "refrain from any action which might aggravate or extend the dispute."

The ruling by the International Court of Justice is legally binding, but it remains to be seen if the administration of President Donald Trump will comply.

The US is expected to challenge the court's jurisdiction in a future hearing.

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