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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Trump: Nothing 'Off the Table' in Responding to Iran's Missile Launch

By Cindy Saine, Mary Alice Salinas, Jeff Seldin February 02, 2017

President Donald Trump said Thursday that Iran had been "formally put on notice" for its ballistic missile launch and warned that "nothing is off the table" in dealing with Tehran.

In a series of tweets Thursday morning, Trump also continued his condemnation of the agreement that the U.S. and five other world powers reached to curb Iran's nuclear program in exchange for sanctions relief.

Trump said Iran should be "thankful" for the agreement, and that the country was "ready to collapse" before the billions of dollars were unfrozen.

Later, at a White house meeting with Harley-Davidson executives and union members, Trump said "nothing is off the table" in response to a reporter who asked whether military action against Iran was an option.

The nuclear deal required Iran to limit its enrichment of uranium and convert several of its nuclear facilities to other uses.

On Wednesday, it was Trump's national security adviser, Michael Flynn, who condemned the missile launch, declaring it "just the latest in a series of incidents" in which Iran has threatened the U.S. and its regional allies over the past six months.

He said leaders in Tehran had been emboldened to take such action now because the nuclear agreement was "weak and ineffective," and because the other nations involved in the agreement failed to rein in Iran's military ambitions.

During a briefing at the White House, Flynn accused former President Barack Obama and other members of his administration of not being tough enough on Tehran.

"The Obama administration failed to respond adequately to Tehran's malign actions – including weapons transfers, support for terrorism and other violations of international norms," Flynn said. "The Trump administration condemns such actions by Iran that undermine security, prosperity and stability throughout and beyond the Middle East and place American lives at risk."

Flynn added, "As of today, we are officially putting Iran on notice." He did not explain his comment further or threaten any specific action against Tehran.

Iran, Yemen

Late Wednesday, senior White House officials said Iran's ballistic missile launch and its support for Houthi rebels in Yemen were provocative, were destabilizing the region and were threatening multiple countries, including U.S. allies. The officials said the United States would respond "appropriately."

Asked what kind of action the U.S. might take, the officials would say only that they had a large range of options available. However, senior White House officials said the Iranian missile launch and a possible U.S. response were separate from the Iran nuclear deal, and that the White House was not accusing Iran of violating the original agreement.

Ian Lustick, a political science professor at the University of Pennsylvania, told VOA that the U.S. has to be careful in dealing with Iran's actions, citing as an example that Iran could make things worse for the 6,000 U.S. soldiers who are in Iraq.

"The majority of the population in Iraq is Shia and sympathetic in one way or another to Iran," Lustick said. "There are very large and powerful militias in Iraq that are commanded by and trained by the Iranians. Those are some of the best fighting units that have had success against ISIS."

A U.S. advocacy group, United Against Nuclear Iran, said international businesses were confused and uncertain about Iran's behavior and the American government's reaction.

David Ibsen, UANI's president, said it had discouraged its contacts from trying to establish new deals with Iran.

In an interview with VOA Persian, Ibsen said companies were asking whether Iranian missile tests would result in a reimposition of financial sanctions on Tehran.

"They also ask, if a company has dual-national citizens [in Iran], will they be kidnapped or held incommunicado by the Iranian regime? Will they be doing business with front entities for the regime or the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps? All these risks are very real, and companies have taken our warnings to heart," Ibsen said.

Consultations

Wednesday's pronouncement from the White House came after lengthy consultations with key U.S. officials, through what is often described as the interagency process. Some officials with knowledge of the discussions described Iran's actions as provocative, but still largely in line with Tehran's behavior over the past several months.

"It is hard to know what the administration has in mind," said a former senior official in the Obama administration familiar with the Iran nuclear deal negotiations.

"Of course we should be concerned about Iran's missile activity," the official said. "The U.S. has robust bilateral sanctions that are missile-related, which we should absolutely enforce."

Iran confirmed Wednesday that it carried out a missile launch Sunday, but said this did not violate the nuclear agreement by six world powers and Tehran in 2015. U.N. Security Council Resolution 2231, adopted after the nuclear deal was reached, called on Iran not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles, but it did not specifically ban such activity.

Shahir Shahidsaless, an Iranian-Canadian political analyst, told VOA Persian on Wednesday that the resolution's lack of an explicit ban on ballistic missile activity was problematic for Washington.

"The United States cannot rely on this resolution to condemn Iran at the U.N. Security Council, and for the same reason, Russia and China will not cooperate with the U.S. on this," Shahidsaless said.

The U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, denounced Iran's missile launch as "absolutely unacceptable" during a Security Council meeting Tuesday, and said the Trump administration would not turn a "blind eye" to such actions.

Britain's U.N. envoy, Matthew Rycroft, echoed Haley's concerns, saying, "There was very significant concern about the ballistic missile launch." He said the January 29 launch was "inconsistent" with Resolution 2231.

Iran's U.N. mission issued a statement reiterating Tehran's position that "Security Council Resolution 2231 does not prohibit legitimate and conventional missile activities."

VOA Persian NewsHour host Guita Aryan, Victor Beattie and Wayne Lee contributed to this report.



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