International Obligation Noted in History of DPRK-China Friendship
Korean Central News Agency of DPRK via Korea News Service (KNS)
Pyongyang, September 14 (KCNA) -- Upon the lapse of sixty-five years since President Kim Il Sung published a famous work, "Let Us Actively Support the Chinese People in Their Revolutionary Struggle," the Korean army and people are recollecting the brilliant feats performed by him for the development of the DPRK-China friendship.
By publishing the work on September 15, Juche 34 (1945), he made an imperishable contribution to the victory of the Chinese revolution, consolidating the foundations of the DPRK-China friendship and developing the bilateral ties.
During General Secretary Kim Jong Il's latest China visit, Hu Jintao, general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), told him that everywhere in Northeast China bore the footprints of revolutionary activities conducted by President Kim Il Sung and that he had not only won back the independence of Korea but made a great contribution to victory in the Chinese revolution.
Kim Il Sung rendered unsparing assistance to the Chinese revolution for its victory not only during the 20-year-long anti-Japanese revolution but after the liberation of Korea. His strong sense of international obligation, true and comradely, turned the friendship between the two countries into a special and unbreakable one.
When the Chiang Kai-shek clique was trying hard to put the northeast area under its control in league with the U.S. imperialists behind the scene of peace talks with the CPC just after the Japanese imperialists' defeat in August 1945, Kim Il Sung made a decision to help the Chinese people in their revolutionary struggle.
He, who had called for strengthening revolutionary unity between the Korean and Chinese peoples on several occasions, made public the historic talk "Let Us Actively Support the Chinese People in Their Revolutionary Struggle," to manifest his revolutionary position of supporting the Chinese revolution at the cost of blood.
In the talk he noted that the Chinese revolution was part of the Asian people's national liberation struggle and that defending the northeast area was of weighty importance in promoting the victory of the Chinese revolution. He also said if the CPC occupied the area, it would play a great role in the Chinese revolution.
He put forward it as a primary task to actively help with organization of armed units and called for cooperating with the Chinese people in the establishment of a democratic government and the formation of party and mass organizations and a united front in the northeast area and directing great effort to cementing the unity between the Korean and Chinese peoples.
His idea and intention concerning the unity between the Korean and Chinese revolutionaries and peoples which he had mentioned on many occasions including some historical meetings during the hard-fought anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle were implemented on a new, higher level after the publication of the work.
According to his decisive step to fully aid the Chinese people in their revolutionary struggle, lots of fine military and political cadres and members of the Korean People's Revolutionary Army (KPRA) were dispatched to Northeast China.
The area was a point of strategic importance in the Chinese revolution. Addressing the 7th Conference of the CPC, Chairman Mao Zedong said if the northeast area were seized even though all of the existing bases were lost, the Chinese revolution would have its foundations.
Officers of the KPRA armed tens of thousands of young Korean people and enrolled more than 120,000 people in a paramilitary organization, forming many armed units of Koreans throughout the area.
They also formed party and mass organizations and united front organizations, launched democratic reforms including agrarian reform. At the same time, they cleaned up the counterrevolutionary forces -- remnants of the defeated Japanese army and puppet Manchukuo, wealthy landowners, rebels and lackeys -- to provide favorable conditions for the liberation of the northeast area.
Though Korea was in hard time right after the liberation, Kim Il Sung allowed the CPC to move or transport large quantities of materials and lots of personnel via Nampho, Rajin and other places of Korea and sent it some 100,000 guns, munitions, explosives, medicines, cloth for military uniforms, shoes and many other military supplies.
Zhou Bao-zhong, a leading officer of the Northeast Democratic Allied Army, said the aid materials sent by Korea in two and a half years from summer of 1946 to 1948 were as much as over 2,000 railway vehicles and that the Chinese people should not forget the selfless internationalist assistance of the Korean people led by Kim Il Sung for the Chinese liberation struggle.
Whenever the northeast liberation war faced harsh ordeals, Kim Il Sung gave the Chinese friends strategic and tactical advices and opinions to make a tangible contribution to victory in the Chinese revolution.
A Chinese book says that his advices based on foresightedness and scientific penetration greatly helped with military operations of the Chinese army and that from this point of view the victory in major operations in the northeast liberation war was closely linked with his name.
Loyal to his leadership hundreds of thousands of young Korean people distinguished themselves, displaying matchless heroism and self-sacrificing spirit, in battlefields in the northeast area including Siping, Jilin, Shengyang and Changchun.
At that time the commander of the Northeast People's Liberation Army sent a gift to Kim Il Sung, highly appreciating his advises and unsparing assistance for the victory in the Siping liberation battle. Other commanding officers of China said the gift was a token of their feeling that they would like to repay his favor by making shoes with their hair.
As Kim Il Sung expected, the Korean revolutionaries' joining in the war radically changed the balance of forces between the revolutionary forces and the counterrevolutionary forces, helped liberate the northeast area to turn the situation favorable to victory in the Chinese revolution.
Korean units also rendered heroic services in the liberation war in mainland China, bringing the flowers of friendship between the two countries into bloom in many areas including Beijing, Tianjin, Changjiang and even the southern tip of China.
Chinese leaders said the five-star red flag was permeated with blood shed by Koreans, while the Chiang Kai-shek clique said they were defeated due to Kim Il Sung's strategies and tactics and the dispatch of troops by Korea.
Chinese revolutionaries and people made sincere effort for the development of the friendship between Korea and China, praising Kim Il Sung as a great internationalist and the closest friend of the Chinese people who assisted the Chinese revolution with all sincerity for many years.
The armies and peoples of the two countries, carrying forward the tradition of the joint fighting in the anti-Japanese war in Northeast China and the Chinese liberation war, joined hands in the Korean war, too, to inflict a disastrous defeat upon the United States, the first of its kind in the U.S. history, and creditably defended the precious gains of the revolution in the two countries and peace of Asia and the rest of the world.
The traditional friendship provided by Kim Il Sung together with the Chinese leaders of the elder generation has ever developed through generations and centuries.
The two rounds of unofficial China visit by Kim Jong Il this year marking the 65th anniversary of the publication of the afore-said work and the 60th anniversary of the entry into the Korean front of the Chinese People's Volunteers fully demonstrated that the DPRK-China friendship will never be affected by the passage of time and alternation of generations.
Through the recent unofficial visit of Kim Jong Il the revolutionary history and feats of Kim Il Sung recorded in Northeast China became dearer to the Korean and Chinese people and the unshakable will of the Workers' Party and government of Korea to steadily develop the bilateral friendship and cooperation was fully demonstrated.
Kim Il Sung's life shining with great internationalist obligation will be remembered in all ages along with the everlasting friendship between the DPRK and China and their common cause will surely be accomplished under deep care and close cooperation of the two parties, two countries and the two peoples.
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