Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
1995 North Korea Special Weapons News
- KEDO, DPRK CONCLUDE SUPPLY AGREEMENT FOR LWR PROJECT (12/18/95 Texts: Joint press statement, fact sheet) -- The Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) reached an agreement December 15 on the supply of a light-water-reactor project to the DPRK.
- SIGNING OF NORTH KOREAN LIGHT-WATER REACTOR SUPPLY AGREEMENT WHITE HOUSE REPORT, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 15 Representatives of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) signed an agreement in New York December 15 which codifies the non-proliferation goals of the October 1994 DPRK-U.S. Agreed Framework.
- AGREEMENT ON SUPPLY OF A LIGHT-WATER REACTOR PROJECT TO THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA BETWEEN THE KOREAN PENINSULA ENERGY DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA (15 December 1995)
- North Korea: The Foundations for Military Strength -- Update 1995 December 1995
- Joint Statement: Ensuring Peace and Stability in Northeast Asia Formal statement released November 17, 1995 following trilateral talks by Secretary Christopher, Japanese Foreign Minister Yohei Kono, and South Korean Foreign Minister Gong Ro-Myung in which the ministers agree that their nations would continue to closely coordinate their policies toward North Korea.
- No Matter How Hard They Try To Find Fault With Us, They Will Not Be Able To Do So, Pyongyang Korean Central Broadcasting Network, 9 Nov 95
- Congress Said To Urge Japanese Missile Plan, Pyongyang Korean Central Broadcasting Network, 4 Nov 95
- PERRY: RECONCILIATION BETWEEN KOREAS KEY TO PENINSULA'S PEACE (Text: 10/26 speech at Council on Korean Security Studies) -- The real key to tension reduction and a lasting peace on the Korean peninsula is a reconciliation between North and South Korea, according to Secretary of Defense William Perry.
- Kim Jong Il and His Strategic Goals Japan International Affairs Institute, October 12, 1995
- HOUSE CAUTIONS ON UPGRADING RELATIONS WITH NORTH KOREA CONGRESSIONAL REPORT, MONDAY, 18 SEPTEMBER 1995
- GALLUCCI: AGREED FRAMEWORK 'BACK ON TRACK' (Transcript: Amb. Robert Gallucci at FPC 6/22) -- Recently completed talks in Kuala Lumpur with North Korean officials have put the Agreed Framework "back on track," according to Ambassador Robert Gallucci. The most significant outcome of the Kuala Lumpur talks, he said, was that the North Korea acknowledges that the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (KEDO) will select the reactor type for the light water reactor project to be built in North Korea. KEDO has selected the Korean Electric Power Company as the prime contractor for the project and the reactors will be of South Korean design.
- DPRK Preparing To Test Missiles, Tokyo SANKEI SHIMBUN, 19 Jun 95
- President Clinton Welcomes US-DPRK Agreement White House statement of June 13, 1995 on the agreement between the US and North Korea that keeps North Korea's nuclear facilities frozen.
- KEDO EXECUTIVE BOARD RESOLUTION 1995-12 (Text: KEDO resolution 1995-12 released 6/13/95) As stipulated in Article II (a) of the Agreement, the LWR project in North Korea will consist of two reactors of the Korean standard nuclear plant model with a capacity of approximately 1,000 MW(e) each, and that Ulchin 3 and 4 will be the reference plants specified in the prime contract.
- GALLUCCI: PLANS MOVE AHEAD FOR ROK REACTORS FOR NORTH KOREA (Transcript: 6/13 press conference in Seoul) (2470) Seoul, June 13 -- The Korean Energy Development Organization (KEDO) executive board has concluded plans to provide two reactors to North Korea under the Agreed Framework.
- U.S., NORTH KOREA AGREE ON REACTOR PROJECT TERMS (Transcript: 6/13 Hubbard/Kim Gye Gwan briefing) (2840) Kuala Lumpur -- After three weeks of meetings, the United States and North Korea agreed on terms to facilitate the light water reactor (LWR) project specified under the October 1994 U.S.-DPRK Agreed Framework.
- Joint U.S.-DPRK Press Statement on the Implementation of the Agreed Framework (June 13, 1995) The delegations of the United States of America (U.S.) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) held talks in Kuala Lumpur from May 19 to June 12, 1995, with respect to implementation of the U.S.-DPRK Agreed framework of October 21, 1994. Both sides reaffirmed their political commitments to implement the U.S.-DPRK Agreed Framework, and with particular regard to facilitating the light water reactor (LWR) project as called for in the Agreed Framework, decided as follows.
- LANEY: NO 'QUICK FIX' FOR THE KOREAN PENINSULA (05/03/95 Text: Amb. James Laney remarks to the Asia Society) -- The lesson Ambassador James Laney has learned from his service in Korea is: "beware of the quick fix."
- Facts about the Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant Offered to North Korea -- May 2, 1995
- HUBBARD: AGREED FRAMEWORK TALKS 'DEMYSTIFYING' NORTH KOREA (05/01/95 Text: DAS Hubbard at Korea church symposium) -- One valuable result of the Agreed Framework with North Korea is that North Korea has been "demystified," according to Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Thomas Hubbard.
- GALLUCCI: ROK REACTORS REMAIN THE ONLY CHOICE FOR N. KOREA (April 27 Transcript: A/S Robert Gallucci at WNDC luncheon) Washington -- South Korean nuclear reactors remain the only choice for North Korea if it is to get any light-water nuclear reactors at all under the Agreed Framework, according to Ambassador Robert Gallucci.
- GALLUCCI: U.S. PREPARED TO MEET NORTH KOREANS AGAIN IN GENEVA (Transcript: State Dept. 4/21/95 briefing) -- U.S. officials have proposed holding another round of talks with the North Koreans in Geneva, according to Ambassador Robert Gallucci, the chief U.S. negotiator at the Agreed Framework with North Korea. The talks in Berlin, Gallucci said, "were difficult and did not produce much progress."
- Background on North Korea-Iran Missile Deal,
Article by 'Oded Granot, Tel Aviv MA'ARIV, in Hebrew, 14 Apr 95
- STRATEGIC IMPLICATIONS OF THE U.S.-DPRK FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT Thomas L. Wilborn US Army Strategic Studies Institute April 3, 1995 -- The responsibility for implementing this complicated agreement, which involves sensitive political issues for all nations involved, falls primarily on the United States. U.S. performance of its responsibilities under the agreement will profoundly affect the strategic environment of Northeast Asia.
- HUBBARD: U.S. HOPES DPRK WILL ACCEPT MULTILATERAL HELP (Transcript: DAS Hubbard 3/14/95 Worldnet) -- The U.S. is hoping that the Democratic Peoples' Republic of Korea (DPRK) will accept South Korean light-water reactors as part "of a broad multilateral role in helping them deal with their future development," according to Thomas C. Hubbard, deputy assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs.
- GALLUCCI: U.S. CONCERNS REMAIN REGARDING AGREED FRAMEWORK (Transcript: 3/13/95 Worldnet with Robert Gallucci) -- Although the Agreed Framework and the international consortium to support it seem off to a good start, the United States still has concerns regarding North Korea's willingness to uphold its end of the agreement, according to Ambassador Robert Gallucci, the chief American negotiator for the pact.
- Korea: Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission (950313) State Department statement regarding the status of the mechanism designed to transform the armistice between the two Koreas into a stable peace accord.
- Agreement on the Establishment of the Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization (March 9, 1995)
USAFA INSS Occasional Paper #3
North Korea's Nuclear Program: The Clinton Administration's Response. William E. Berry, Jr., March 1995 -- Although the 1994 framework agreement appeared to be a major step forward, the implementation process has presented additional problems as evidenced by the dispute over which country should supply the LWRs. Nonetheless, the Clinton administration may be in a stronger diplomatic position in the international community if North Korea reneges on some or all of its pledges than it was before this agreement. Only time will determine this outcome, and the administration will have to pursue whatever objectives it deems most appropriate.
- DPRK Said Building New Ballistic Missile,
Tokyo SANKEI SHIMBUN, 24 Feb 95
- GALLUCCI: ONLY ROK REACTORS WILL BE PROVIDED UNDER DPRK PACT By Jane A. Morse USIA Staff Writer - 23 February 1995 -- Only South Korean light water nuclear reactors will be provided to North Korea under the Agreed Framework, Ambassador Robert L. Gallucci emphasized to Congress today.
- U.S. EASES SANCTIONS ON NORTH KOREABy Jane A. Morse, USIA Staff Writer - Washington, 20 January 1995
- INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES CAUTIOUSLY OPTIMISTIC ON NORTH KOREA By Louise Fenner
USIA Staff Writer - 17 January 1995
- U.S. Plans To Test-Fire Missile Viewed,
Pyongyang Korean Central Broadcasting Network, 14 Jan 95
- N. KOREA 'FOREMOST' AMONG U.S. NON-PROLIFERATION CONCERNS By Peg McKay
USIA Staff Writer - 12 January 1995
- U.S. SET TO PROVIDE FIRST SHIPMENT OF FUEL OIL TO NORTH KOREA (Transcript: DoD 1/5/95 background briefing) The United States is set to ship the first tranche of fuel oil to North Korea under the recently concluded Framework Agreement. The United States will be delivering 50,000 metric tons of heavy residual fuel oil to North Korea before January 21. The shipment, for which the US Defense Department is paying $4.7 million, is part of a deal to compensate the Democratic People's Republic of Korea for freezing and not refueling its 5-megawatt nuclear reactor.
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