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DATE=8/26/1999
TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
TITLE=MODEL MAO VILLAGE
NUMBER=5-44138
BYLINE=STEPHANIE HO
DATELINE=NANJIE VILLAGE
CONTENT=
VOICED AT:
// EDS:  can be used in relation to China's 50th 
anniversary on October first //
INTRO:  In the heart of China's countryside, one 
village has resisted the capitalist trend that has 
swept over the rest of the county and is opting, 
instead, for the benefits of communal living.  V-O-A 
Beijing correspondent Stephanie Ho reports that the 
village's authorities are relying on the socialist 
principles popularized by former Chairman Mao Zedong 
more than 50 years ago.
TEXT: For many Chinese, Chairman Mao is still a figure 
of almost mythic proportions.  He is personally 
identified with the founding of the People's Republic 
of China - a status with special significance this 
year, as the country celebrates its 50th anniversary.
Mao died in 1976, but his spirit is alive and well in 
Nanjie - a neo-communist village that lies among the 
cornfields in China's most populous province, Henan.  
Here, Mao is treated as a god-like figure.  A ten-
meter tall statue of the Chairman presides over the 
village, with one arm outstretched as if bestowing a 
blessing.
Nanjie's 31-hundred residents receive roughly the same 
salary - about 30-dollars (250 RMB) per month.  The 
village provides them with free housing, schooling and 
medical care.  
On the surface, Nanjie looks like any of China's 
thousands of other villages.  In the evening, as in 
communities all over China, about two dozen women of 
all ages amuse themselves by line-dancing to the 
strains of a modern pop song.
// MUSIC - FADE IN, EST, FADE OUT //
This dancing is one of the only forms of entertainment 
available, though.  There are no karaoke bars.  There 
are no movie theaters.  The model village of Nanjie is 
in a time warp - where the collective values and 
strict morality of the Maoist era have proven to be 
the secrets to its success.
Once every three months, villagers are subject to 
evaluation under a 10-star system that rewards them 
for adherence to Maoist principles of thrifty living, 
good hygiene and selfless deeds.  For each of the ten 
points a household is found to be lacking, it loses 
one of its food benefits - including flour, eggs, 
cooking oil and meat.  Local authorities assure 
visitors that only a few households hold the lowest 
score of six stars.
Three times each day, the village government 
broadcasts three different songs eulogizing Mao and 
Mao-thought.
// SONG - FADE IN, EST, FADE OUT //
This classic song, called "The Great Helmsman Sailing 
on the Seas," describes Mao as the man who 
successfully led the Chinese people through turbulent 
times.
Nanjie's living local hero is Communist Party 
Secretary, Wang Hongbin, who started the village down 
its collective road in 1984.  Its return to communism 
came as the rest of China was heading in the opposite 
direction and dismantling collective agriculture in 
favor of private enterprise.  
Although it is Mao's communist spirit that permeates 
Nanjie, Mr. Wang does give some credit to an unlikely 
person -- Deng Xiaoping - Mao's successor, who 
launched China's capitalist-style reforms.
// WANG CHINESE ACT - IN FULL, FADE OUT //
He says that in the Deng era, Nanjie was free to 
develop itself however it wanted - even if that meant 
returning to a collective economy.
Although Nanjie emphasizes communal living, it has 
made good use of the market economy that has emerged 
in China.  In 1984, the value of Nanjie's total 
production was 90-thousand dollars (740-thousand RMB).  
Last year, the figure jumped more than two-thousand 
percent to 193-million dollars (one-point-six billion 
RMB).
Agriculture makes up less than one percent of Nanjie's 
total production.  The village now makes most of its 
money from its 26 enterprises - which turn out 
products ranging from beer to chocolate to color-
printing.  Meantime, Nanjie has become China's instant 
noodle base - producing about 400 tons each day.
Keeping all these factories going is not an easy 
endeavor.  Nanjie gets by with something that was not 
available in Mao's day --  the help of more than 10-
thousand migrant workers, who are not granted the full 
range of benefits allotted to residents.
Nanjie resident, Bi Guoping, says although villagers 
respect Deng, they will not clamor any time soon for a 
statue of him to go along with the heroic figure of 
Mao.
// BI CHINESE ACT - IN FULL, FADE OUT //
He says the main Nanjie philosophy is that a person 
should be round on the outside and square on the 
inside.  (wai yuan, nei fang)  Although he may not 
think highly of Dengist ways, Mr. Bi says being round 
on the outside means putting up with the more 
capitalist values that have become the norm in China 
after the institution of Deng's reforms.  To him, 
though, being square on the inside means reserving his 
heart for Mao.  (Signed)
NEB/HO/FC
26-Aug-1999 00:38 AM LOC (26-Aug-1999 0438 UTC)
NNNN
Source: Voice of America
.





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