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Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)

Mount Pony

Culpeper, VA

The Federal Reserve Board operated a 140,000 square foot radiation hardened facility in Culpeper, Virginia. Dedicated on 10 December 1969, the 400 foot long bunker is built of steel-reinforced concrete a foot thick. Lead-lined shutters can be dropped to cover the windows of the semi-recessed facility, which is covered by 2 to 4 feet of dirt and surrounded by barbed-wire fences and guard posts. The seven computers at the facility, operated by the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, are the central node for all American electronic funds transfer activities. Until July 1992 the bunker also served as a Continuity of Government facility. With a peacetime staff of 100, the facility was designed to support an emergency staff of 540 for 30 days. But only 200 beds were provided in the men's and women's dormintories, which would be shared on a "hot-bunk" basis by the staff, working around the clock. Until 1988 the facility stored a $1 billion stock of currency to be used to reactivate the American economy following a nuclear attack.

In 1997, Congress approved the transfer of the bunker from the Federal Reserve Bank in Richmond to the Library of Congress, which will use it as a central repository for the library's 150,000 film titles.


  • Mount Pony/Culpeper, Virginia U.S. Nuclear Weapons Cost Study Project
  • Babcok, Charles, "Fed Keeps Hillside Vault," The Washington Post, 26 February 1976, pages 1, 4.
  • Katz, Lee Michael, "Mountain of Money," The Washington Post Magazine, 30 January 1983, pages 22-23.
  • Gup, Ted, "The Doomsday Blueprints," Time, 10 August 1992, pages 32-39.
  • Morrison, David, "And Not a Single Bang for Their Bucks," National Journal, 13 August 1994, pages 1924-1925.
  • Bunker to house film Journal 17 November 1997

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Page last modified: 24-07-2011 03:42:19 ZULU