Start-1 Launch Vehicle
The Start family of space launch vehicles is derived from the SS-25 / RS-12M intercontinental ballistic missile. The START I treaty permits all the parties to convert ICBMs or SLBMs limited by the treaty to boosters that launch payloads into space. A consortium headed by the Kompleks Scientific and Technical Center has converted the RS-12M into a potentially mobile, 4- or 5-stage, low-capacity satellite launcher. The Start-1 variant, consisting of four solid-propellant stages (RS-12M plus a new fourth stage) with a maximum diameter of 1.8 m and a height of 22.7 m, was launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on 25 March 1993 with a 225 kg payload. Start-1 has a LEO payload capacity of up to 550 kg.
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