Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev
Mikhail Fedorovich Reshetnev (1924-1996) was General Director and General Designer of the Scientific and Production Association of Applied Mechanics. Laureate of the Lenin Prize, State Prize of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology. Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Doctor of Technical Sciences. Professor. Honorary citizen of ZATO, Zheleznogorsk.
Mikhail Fedorovics was born November 10, 1924 far beyond the borders of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. His small homeland is the village of Barmashevo of the Snegirevsky district of the Odessa region. Mikhail Fedorovich was born into a family of employees of Fedor Ignatyevich and Maria Alexandrovna Reshetnev. Ten years later, the family moved to Dnepropetrovsk, where Misha went to first grade. At the age of 15 he graduated with honors from the school in 1939 and firmly decided to enter the aviation university. His profession Mikhail Fyodorovich chose as a child. At school he was fond of aircraft construction, he dreamed of becoming a test pilot. Since 1940, he studied at the Moscow State Aviation Institute.
With the beginning of the Great Patriotic War he worked on the construction of defensive fortifications. In the autumn of 1941 the institute was evacuated to Alma-Ata. In 1942 he was drafted into the Red Army. Mikhail Fedorovich graduated from the courses at Serpukhov Military School of Aviation Mechanics. He served as an air mechanic in the 26th Reserve Fighter Aviation Regiment. Demobilized in the rank of sergeant of the technical service in 1946.
He returned to the Moscow Aviation Institute and in 1950 he successfully graduated. Since 1950, he worked in the first Soviet design space organization - in a special design bureau No. 1 of the Ministry of Defense Industry under the leadership of S.P. The Queen (Kaliningrad, Moscow Region). It is directed there by the engineer of design department, in 1951 it is already appointed the senior engineer. Design talent, excellent knowledge and the highest dedication quickly pushed the young engineer into the ranks of the closest associates of Chief Designer S.P. Queen. Since 1957, M.F. Reshetnev was the leading designer of the R-11 product (medium-range missile with a nuclear warhead). Since 1958 he was Deputy Chief Designer OKB-1, and a Member of the CPSU(b) since 1951.
By the age of 35 he was already one of the youngest deputy chief designer of OKB-1 SP Korolev. In 1959, a governmental decision was taken to create several remote centers for the creation of space technology. In June 1959, such a center was set up under the name of the branch of the Special Design Bureau No. 1 in Krasnoyarsk-26 (now the city of Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Territory), MF was appointed director and chief designer of this branch. Reshetnev. He directed this space center of the country until the last day of his life. In October 1961, the branch was transformed into the Special Space Bureau No. 10. Since 1962, the company, created from scratch, has started the development of a project of a light-carrier rocket based on a R-14 combat ballistic missile. As a result, the universal launch vehicle Cosmos-1 was created. In August 1964, with its help, the first satellites OKB-10 Kosmos-38, Kosmos-39, Kosmos-40, developed also in OKB-10, were put into orbit.
Since 1966 he was General Director and Chief Designer of the Design Bureau of Applied Mechanics of the Ministry of General Mechanical Engineering of the USSR, transformed from OKB-10. In 1970, by resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, Reshetnev's KB was freed from work on carrier rockets and was fully focused on the creation of information satellite communication systems, television broadcasting, navigation, geodesy, monitoring, and reconnaissance. In total, under the leadership of Mikhail Fedorovich, about 30 types of space complexes and systems were developed, and the total number of satellites put into orbit by the NGO PM was more than 1000, which is about 60% of all satellites of the USSR and Russia.
Mikhail Fyodorovich Reshetnev was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor with the award of the Order of Lenin and the gold medal "Hammer and Sickle" for outstanding achievements in the creation of special-purpose products, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR ("closed").
In October 1977, the Design Bureau of Applied Mechanics again experienced another reorganization, becoming the Scientific and Production Association of Applied Mechanics. M.F. Reshetnev remained his general director and chief designer. In addition to the creation of space vehicles, the NGO of applied mechanics led fundamental research on the problems of heat transfer, ballistics, the mechanics of solid motion, the mechanics of composite materials, the theory of complex systems. Over time, the work of the firm Reshetnev identified one more promising direction, which has become the most important - the creation of complex space information systems.
Mikhail Fedorovich did a lot for the development of scientific education in Krasnoyarsk, having been a teacher of the Krasnoyarsk State Polytechnic Institute since 1967, and since 1989 he has been Head of the Department of Mechanics and Control Processes at the Krasnoyarsk State University.
Scientific and practical work carried out under the leadership and with the direct participation of M. F. Reshetnev in the field of mechanics, allowed the creation of structures operating in the extreme conditions of outer space for up to 10 years. In his design school a number of talented specialists and scientists in the field of space technology development have been brought up who successfully work in the aerospace industry. MF Reshetnev was one of the organizers of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Engineering Academy, whose president he was until the last days of his life, in 1972 he headed the department "Spacecraft" at the Siberian State Aerospace University. The results of his work are reflected in more than 200 special works and 40 inventions.
He was a Member of the Supreme Soviet of the 11th convocation (1984-1988). Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1976). Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1984). Doctor of Technical Sciences (1967). Professor (1975). Member of the Bureau of the Department of Energy, Mechanical Engineering, Mechanics and Control Processes of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1991-1996). Member of the Bureau of the Scientific Council of the Russian Academy of Sciences on the problems of traffic and navigation control (1993-1996). Member of the Committee on Science and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The Lenin Prize (1980). State Prize of the Russian Federation (1996). Gold medal named after S.P.Korolev of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1985). He was awarded three Orders of Lenin (1966, 1971, 1974), the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1961), the Badge of Honor (1956), the Order of Merit for the Fatherland of the 3rd degree (1994), the medals "For Victory over Germany" (1945), "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945" (1946), "For Labor Valor. In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of V.I. Lenin "(1970). The title "Honorary Citizen of Krasnoyarsk-26" M.F. Reshetnev was awarded the decision of the City Council of People's Deputies on July 6, 1984.
In his daily life, Mikhail Fedorovich was simple, but with dignity, he never came to familiarity. He was an interesting interlocutor, he was able to listen without interrupting. He spoke quietly, but convincingly. The friendship was reliable and permanent. Honesty was in people. Rest loved active, many times traveled along the Yenisei, Siberia loved with all my heart.
Mikhail Fedorovich died on November 26, 1996 in the town of Zheleznogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Territory. He was buried in the city cemetery of Zheleznogorsk.
Considering Mikhail Fedorovich's enormous contribution to the development of the city and his services to the state in the interests of defense and the national economy, the collective of the enterprise suggested that the city administration install a memorial plaque on the facade of the building. Lenin, 52 (administrative building of the NGO of applied mechanics). It was installed on April 12, 1997. On the house on the street. Lenin, 36, where he lived MF. Reshetnev, the plaque was installed on June 4, 2009.
M.F. Reshetnev opened in 2004 a monument in Zheleznogorsk. The name of Reshetnev is NPO PM (now - JSC "Information Satellite Systems") (Zheleznogorsk), Siberian State Aerospace University (Krasnoyarsk), lyceum No. 102, street and square in Zheleznogorsk, airliner of KrasAir, a small planet (2000). Since 1997 in Krasnoyarsk and Zheleznogorsk scientific conferences "Reshetnev readings" are annually held.
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