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Object 2506 Omega

If it is possible to shoot down the warhead of a strategic missile with a laser, when it has already entered the atmosphere, perhaps aerodynamic targets can be attacked: aircraft, helicopters and cruise missiles? This problem was also taken care of in the Soviet military , and soon after the start of Terra-3, a decision was issued to launch the Omega project, a laser air defense system. It took place in late February 1967.

The creation of an anti-aircraft laser was commissioned by the Strela Design Bureau (a little later it will be renamed into CDB Almaz). Relatively quickly in the "Strela" carried out all the necessary calculations and formed an approximate shape of the zenith laser complex (Zenit Lazernoy Kompleks - for convenience the term ZLK was introduced).

In particular, it was required to raise the beam energy to at least 8-10 megajoules. Firstly, the ZLK was created with an eye for practical application, and secondly, to shoot down the aerodynamic target quickly, until it reached the desired milestone (for aircraft this is the launching of missiles, the bombing or the target in the case of cruise missiles). Therefore, the energy "volley" decided to do approximately equal to the energy of the explosion of the combat part of the anti-aircraft missile.

In 1972, the first equipment from the Omega came to the Sary-Shagan training ground. The assembly of the complex was carried out on the so-called "object 2506" ("Terra-3" worked on the facility 2505). The combat laser was not included in the experimental ZLK - it was not yet ready - a radiation simulator was installed instead of it. Simply put, a laser of lower power. Also, the installation had a laser locator-range finder for detection, identification and preliminary targeting.

With the radiation simulator, an aiming system was worked out and the interaction of the laser beam with air was studied. The laser-simulator was performed according to the so-called technology on glass with neodymium, the locator-range finder was basically a ruby emitter. In addition to the operational features of the laser air defense system, which was undoubtedly useful, a number of shortcomings were revealed. The main one is the erroneous choice of a combat laser system. It turned out that glass with neodymium can not give the required power. The remaining problems were solved with little less effort without much difficulty.

All the experience gained on the "Omega" tests was used to create the "Omega-2" complex. The main part of it - a combat laser - was built on a fast-flow gas system with electric pumping. The substance for the active medium was carbon dioxide. Sighting system was done on the basis of the television system "Karat-2".

The result of all the modifications was the fragments of the target RUM-2B steaming on the ground, the first time it happened on September 22, 1982. During the testing of Omega-2, several more targets were shot down. The complex was even recommended for use in the troops, but it did not surpass, or even to catch up with, the characteristics of the existing ZRK laser.

Object 2506 Omega Object 2506 Omega Object 2506 Omega

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Page last modified: 08-03-2018 18:02:14 ZULU