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Space


Kapustin Yar

  • May 13, 1946 . A Resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers on the establishment of the State Central Range of jet technology for all ministries involved in jet weapons was adopted.
  • September 2, 1946 . The following sites were formed at the test site: a missile testing department for the Ground Forces and air defense units, a missile testing department for the Air Force and a missile testing department for the Navy with subordinate units and subunits.
  • October 18, 1947 . For the first time in the Soviet Union, the first A-4 ballistic missile was launched at the State Central Test Site.
  • May 25, 1948 . The Directorate for Testing Missile Weapons for the Navy with subordinate units was transferred to the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy for the formation of the test site of the Navy.
  • October 10, 1948. Made the first launch of the domestic ballistic missile R-1.
  • July 1, 1949 . The Directorate for Testing Missile Weapons for the Air Force with all its subordinate units was transferred to the command of the Air Force Commander and directed to the formation of an Air Force testing ground (p. Vladimirovka, Astrakhan Region).
  • October 1, 1950 . Formed the management of tests of anti-aircraft armament of air defense, which in 1951, was removed from the composition of the test site and aimed at the formation of the 8th test site air defense.
  • October 26, 1950 . The first launch of the R-2 rocket was made.
  • July 22, 1951. For the first time in the USSR a high-altitude launch of a 1-RB launch vehicle with equipment and experimental animals on board was made at the test site.
  • January 12, 1951 . The test site began testing cruise missiles for the Navy.
  • March 15, 1953 . The first launch of the R-5 rocket was made.
  • April 11, 1953 . The first launch of the R-11 rocket was made.
  • October 1, 1953 . Kamyshinsky Technical School was formed at the site.
  • July 8, 1954 . Formed: a separate engineering test part for testing missile weapons of the Ground Forces and a separate engineering test part for testing air defense missile weapons.
  • July 1954. The range began to test long-range missiles "Kite", "Filin", "Tulip", "Mars".
  • June 1955 . Landfill began to test the jet aircraft "Meteor".
  • February 2, 1956 . The R-5M rocket was launched, at the head of which a nuclear charge was placed.
  • May 30, 1956 . Formed a separate testing station "Balkhash".
  • June 22, 1957 . The first launch of the R-12 rocket was made.
  • February 21, 1958 . The first launch of the R-5A geophysical rocket was made.
  • April 1959 . Made the first launch of a powder rocket "Luna".
  • May 15, 1959. Formed control and a separate engineering and test part of the testing of cruise missiles, which existed until 1964.
  • June 1959 a. The first launch of a sea-based rocket R-13 was made.
  • December 12, 1959 . The first launch of the operational-tactical missile R-17 was made.
  • April 14, 1961 . The test site began to test RK OTN "Temp".
  • 1961 . The test site began testing the C-5 cruise missiles for the Ground Forces.
  • October 27, 1961 . The test site began flight tests of the 63C1 space-rocket complex and the launch of the first small satellites.
  • December 30, 1961 . The first launch of the R-12U rocket was made.
  • February 28, 1962. A separate engineering test unit for testing the R-12 and R-14 missiles was formed.
  • February 11, 1962 . The first launch of the R-14U rocket was made.
  • March 16, 1962 . The first Cosmos-1 satellite was put into orbit.
  • April 21, 1962 . Formed test management and a separate engineering test part for measurement and mathematical processing.
  • April 28, 1962 . The first launch of a strategic strategic rocket RT-1 was made.
  • July 1962 . Landfill began testing meteorological rockets.
  • September 1963 . Made the first launch of a solid-fuel rocket RT-2.
  • December 1963. The test site began testing the RK-OTN Temp-S.
  • 1964 . The first launch of the R-5B geophysical rocket was made.
  • June 6, 1966 . The test site began testing an ampuled R-27 rocket for the Navy.
  • November 1966 . Started flight tests of the Republic of Kazakhstan with a solid-propellant rocket RT-15.
  • December 1967 . The test site began to test the RK TN "Luna-M".
  • March 1968 . The test site began to test the RK TN "Luna-3".
  • October 14, 1969 . The launch of the first Interkosmos satellite.
  • December 1969 . The test site began to test the RK TN "Point."
  • September 21, 1974 . Made the first launch of the RSD-10 rocket.
  • Formed a separate engineering test part for testing the RSD-10.
  • February 1, 1976 . Formed test base RSD-10.
  • December 23, 1978 . Launched RSC "Typhoon".
  • September 1977 . The test site began testing RK OTN "OKA".
  • September 1978 . The test site began testing PKP "Barrier-M".
  • 1980 year A separate engineering test unit for testing cruise missiles was formed.
  • October 1979 . Landfill began testing PKP "Choice."
  • May 20, 1980 . The beginning of the test of Meteor cruise missiles.
  • 1980. The polygon started to test complexes of protection means and complexes of active protection.
  • 1983 . The test site began testing PK RK "Gorn".
  • March 2, 1984 . The scientific test control of combat control and communication systems has been formed.
  • 1984 . The Bor products were tested in the interests of the Buran reusable space system and Equality Hands.
  • April 1985. The test site began testing PKP "Granit", "Zenith".
  • February 19, 1988 . A technical rocket base for the liquidation of the RSD-10 has been formed.
  • 1991 . The proving ground started testing Iskander RK OTN
  • September 1, 1994. On the basis of the former 8th test site The Scientific-Research Testing center of air defense means of interspecies designation was formed and included in the polygon.
  • November 1, 1997 . The Scientific Testing Directorate of testing missile complexes was reorganized into the Scientific Testing Directorate of strategic missile systems and command and control and communications systems.
  • November 1, 1997 . A separate engineering and test part of the missile system tests was reorganized into the Test Center for Weapons and Military Equipment of the Strategic Missile Forces.
  • August 15, 1998 . A separate test center for radar and a separate test center for automation systems of the Air Defense Forces were reorganized into a separate test center.
  • November 5, 1998. The State Central Red Banner Order of the Red Star training ground was renamed the State Central Interspecific Red Banner Order of the Red Star training ground of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
  • November 30, 1998 . The State Order of Lenin and the Red Star polygon (Priozersk) was renamed the test order of Lenin and the Red Star polygon and included in the 4 GTsMP Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
  • The state test order of the Red Star polygon (the city of Emba) was renamed the test order of the Red Star polygon and incorporated into the State Central Archive.
  • February 12, 1999 . The test site began testing the Triumph anti-aircraft missile system.
  • April 29, 1999 . At the test site, two Abriksas and Megsat satellites (Germany) were launched.
  • March 1, 2000 . The test administration of tactical and operational-tactical missile complexes with subordinate units was reorganized into the Research and Testing Center for Armament and Military Equipment of the Ground Forces.
  • March 1, 2000 . The base for provision of test works has been formed (Emba).
  • September 1, 2000 . On the basis of the Scientific Testing Directorate of Strategic Missile Systems and the Test Center of Armament and Military Equipment of the Strategic Missile Forces, the Scientific Testing Center of Armament and Military Equipment of the Strategic Missile Forces was formed.



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