Noor / Nour / Nur
The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps reported that it had launched a satellite called Noor ["Light"] into a 425 km orbit using a two stage rocket from the desert of central Iran. The new Qased launch vehicle took off on April 22 (launch time initially unknown) from a pad at the Shahroud missile base at 55.3340E 36.2006N. US issued a TLE for a new launch 2020-024A, object 45529 in a 426 x 444 km x 59.8 deg orbit. The launch came on the 41st anniversary of the founding of the IRGC by Iran's leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. An image of the rocket that carried the satellite showed it bore a Quranic verse on overcoming adversaries.
Judging by the emblem on the launch vehicle, seen in the video of the launch, it is a simple 6U CubeSat, 20 by 30 centimeters. Started in 1999, the CubeSat Project began as a collaborative effort between Prof. Jordi PuigSuari at California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly), San Luis Obispo, and Prof. Bob Twiggs at Stanford University's Space Systems Development Laboratory (SSDL). The purpose of the project is to provide a standard for design of picosatellites to reduce cost and development time, increase accessibility to space, and sustain frequent launches. Presently, the CubeSat Standard is being used to develop picosatellites by high schools, universities, Government agencies and private companies all over the world. A 1U CubeSat is a 10 cm cube with a mass of up to approximately 1.5 kg. As Developers have continued to push the limits of CubeSats, there had been an increasing demand for a larger satellite standard within the community.
The 6U CDS provides a means to provide standardized development for larger satellites. The maximum mass of a 6U CubeSat is 12.00 kg. The 6-Unit platform enables ambitious military, commercial and scientific missions in domains such as Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT), Internet-of-Things services (IoT), air traffic monitoring (ADS-B), Earth Observation (EO) and Space Science. The GAIA payload, with a flight heritage since 2017, provides visible / multispectral images with a GSD of 10-40 meters @ 500 km. Another design, from a Sun synchronous orbit at an altitude of 600km, enables imaging with a 6.5m GSD. Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) developed HiREV, the first 6U CubeSat in Korea since 2015. The main mission of HiREV is to obtain a 5m color (3m monochromatic) image and high-definition (HD) movie. Actually, this image resolution is dependent on the orbital altitude. The orbital condition of HiREV is sun-synchronous orbit (SSO) with a very low altitude, such as 500km.
After the 22 April 2020 launch of the first multi-purpose satellite of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is also used for defense, Major-General Hossein Salami, Commander-in-Chief of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, congratulated Iran's Supreme Leader and the honorable people of Iran on this great success and said that successful launch of this satellite, upgraded new dimensions of the defense power of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and by the grace of God, "the IRGC joins space today".
He described the achievement of a strong defense force such as the IRGC in space technology to achieve superior capabilities as a necessity: "Today, the world's powerful armies do not have a comprehensive defense plan without being in space, and achieving this superior technology that takes us into space." It expands the scope of Iran's capabilities and is a strategic achievement.
Emphasizing that the IRGC has entered a field of change from today, the commander of the Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC) said that achieving these technologies is a great success for Iran because it is one of the world's top technologies and forms the frontlines of technological talents. He noted: "After this important achievement, we have made a leap in the field of expanding territory and strategic intelligence."
The IRGC Commander-in-Chief continued: "Today, we can see the world through space, and this means expanding the strategic intelligence of the IRGC's powerful defense force." He added: "The placement of this multi-purpose satellite in space, both in the field of IT and intelligence battles, can produce strategic added value for us, and it creates powerful grounds for us in intelligence wars." Stating that the launch of the satellite is not specific to defense and military issues, he said: "The realization of this important goal will lead the country to great progress in various fields, so it is a strategic achievement for our Islamic system."
Emphasizing that all the various components of the launch technology of this satellite, including launcher and satellite based on local knowledge, have been created without relying on outside and as a result of sanctions, the IRGC Commander-in-Chief said: "The message of this important achievement is that sanctions are not the only It is not an obstacle in the way of our progress, but it is turning on the propulsion engine of our new technologies to achieve a great power at the regional level and on the global horizon.
At the end of this strategic achievement, Maj. Gen. Salami praised the Supreme Leader's order to "strengthen" the strategy and emphasized: "The great message of this event is that we should enter any arena by relying on God." Your Excellency and your inner talents can lead to remarkable and worldly successes.
According to Sepah News, Sardar Brigadier General Amir Ali Hajizadeh, Commander of the Air Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, explained the operation of launching the satellite of Noor by satellite on the messenger: "Satellite on the messenger is different from previous works and that is the fuel is liquid and solid and has three stages. Brigadier General Hajizadeh added: "The propulsion of this satellite is the same propulsion with a non-metallic and composite body that was unveiled a while ago."
The Commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Air Force said that solid-fuel satellites are among the world's latest technologies. "These capabilities are the advantages of the Islamic Republic of Iran in recent years, and in the near future, the next steps will be taken quickly," he said. It takes.
Brigadier General Hajizadeh stated that both satellites and satellites are indigenous and completely Iranian, noting: "Naturally, only the superpowers have this capability, and others are the only consumers of this technology."
In a message, Maj. Gen. Mohammad Bagheri, Chief of General Staff of the Iranian Armed Forces, congratulated the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the government, the nation and the Armed Forces on the successful launch of Iran's first military satellite.
"Iran's state television reported that the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) had launched its first military satellite into orbit," the Jerusalem Post reported immediately. Immediately after the launch of the Noor military satellite, Al Jazeera television covered the news on its network, announcing its success and its orbit at an altitude of 425 kilometers above the Earth's surface.
The Lebanese Al-Ahd network covered the news of the launch of the "Noor" military satellite from the "Ghased" satellite by the Revolutionary Guards and its success. China's Xinhua News Agency covered the "successful deployment of the Noor military satellite in orbit by the Revolutionary Guards."
Euronews also listed the "placement of the Noor satellite in orbit by the Revolutionary Guards" on its list of important news headlines. In an instant news, I24 News reported on the success of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in placing the Noor military satellite in orbit. Chicago's social networking site posted a message on its Twitter account covering the news that "the satellite of light is in orbit." The website of the Turkish daily Yeni Safak reported the success of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in placing the Noor military satellite in orbit.
Qatar's Al-Watan newspaper wrote: Iran launched its first military satellite into space. "Iran says it has put the country's first military satellite in orbit," the New York Post reported on its website. The Economic Times website announced the successful launch of the Noor satellite by the Islamic Republic of Iran's Revolutionary Guards. In the midst of tensions with the United States, the Islamic Republic of Iran's Revolutionary Guards successfully placed the Noor satellite in orbit, the BBC News Network reported. The New York Times covered the success of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in placing the Noor satellite in orbit.
The Zionist publication Debka File, while covering the news of "Iran's first military satellite in Earth orbit", called its success a "claim" and wrote: "Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps claims that the launch of the military satellite was successful."
US officials say they fear that the long-range ballistic technology used to put satellites into orbit could also be used to launch nuclear warheads. Tehran denies US assurances that this activity is a cover for developing ballistic missiles, and says it has never attempted to develop nuclear weapons. The United States and France considered that Iran's efforts to launch satellites in space are related to ballistic missile technology, especially intercontinental ballistic missiles, and called on Iran to respect its international obligations.
But what is remarkable is that this time Iran confirms that Qasid is considered a military satellite, and this in itself constitutes a new challenge for the international community.
The orbit in which the Noor satellite is located is 425 km, which is probably a circular orbit, which means that the satellite will have a constant height relative to the earth throughout the movement. Previously, Omid, Observer, Navid and Fajr satellites were placed in the 250 or 375 km elliptical orbit. In this type of orbit, the satellite orbits the earth in an elliptical orbit, moving at a minimum distance of 250 km and a maximum distance of 375 km. This lowering of the heights reduces the orbital lifespan of the satellite, so that all four of the above satellites had a lifespan of 3 months or less.
Payam-e-Amir Kabir and Zafar Alam-e-Sanaat satellites were also targeted for a circular orbit above 500 km, both of which failed to reach the correct position in the final stage due to not receiving enough speed. The lifespan of satellites at this altitude is about 5 years, which means that if the equipment installed on the satellites is durable enough, it can eventually be serviced for up to 5 years. In the orbit of 425 to 450 km, where the satellite of light is located, the orbital life can be estimated at about 3 years, which, of course, still leads to the operational life due to the life of the installed equipment.
Much of the military's space needs include video surveillance with visual and thermal surveillance and ground radar surveillance, secure telecommunications and communications relays between various surface and air units and command centers, as well as assistance with positioning for equipment and weapons. With the exception of the last case, which requires a large number of satellite systems and is certainly not part of the country's short-term military program, other needs, including measurement and telecommunications, are on the agenda for the development of the country's military satellites for the next few years.
It was predicted by Iranian observers that the development of the country's space program in the field of military satellites will accelerate with this first launch. This program will be used to meet the operational, important and delayed needs of the Armed Forces, including the IRGC, the Army and other forces or bodies interested in using space services in sensitive defense and security matters.
The Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) Aerospace Force on 29 July 2020 released images of al-Udeid base in Qatar, which hosts thousands of US forces, taken by Iranís newly-launched satellite, Nour-1. The images taken through mosaicking method by Nour-1 Satellite, which was launched successfully on April 22, are high resolution and show the US biggest airbase in the Middle-East in Qatar which hosts nearly 13,000 American forces. The IRGC announced in a statement on 28 July 2020 that it had started the final phase of the 'Great Prophet-14' drills in the South of the country, and added that Nour-1 Satellite was being used to monitor the wargames. The IRGC Aerospace and Naval Forces' joint exercises were an important part of the drills and demonstrated surprising tactics, including establishment of the two forces' joint command systems, joint control, combined tactics and combat methods. Great Prophet (Payambar-e Azam) wargames are annual missile tests and exercises conducted by Iran's IRGC. The first series of the wargames began in July 2008.
The IRGC announced that the drills are underway with the participation of the IRGC Navy and Aerospace forces in the Hormozgan province and extend to the depth of the Iranian soil. IRGC Navyís missile, ship, and drone units as well as IRGC Aerospaceís missile, drone, and radar units are due to conduct operational drills in the wargames, the statement said. The wargames are being monitored for the first time by the Nour-1 Satellite that was launched successfully on April 22. The IRGC launched the satellite aboard Qassed (Carrier) satellite carrier during an operation that was staged in Dasht-e Kavir, Iranís sprawling Central desert. The Launcher Qassed is a three-stage launcher using compound solid-liquid fuel. The satellite was placed into the orbit 425km above Earthís surface. The satellite was sent to the space on the anniversary of the IRGC establishment (April 22, 1979).
Imagery released by Iran was pretty poor. Some other imagery floating around that claimed the Noor imagery was just copied from Google Earth depicted imagery that was not part of the official reease, and was unconvincing.