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Space


Chinese Ballistic Missile Early Warning

The Early Warning Satellite was developed specifically to provide early warning of ballistic missile launch. When a ballistic missile is launched, the rocket engine will spray thousands of degrees of flame jets, leaving high-temperature exhaust gas of several kilometers, hundreds of meters in diameter and tens to hundreds of degrees in temperature on the flight path. Since the ballistic missile will always fly upwards out of the atmosphere, this high temperature wake will extend all the way to the top of the atmosphere, which is easily seen by observers from space.

China is currently working on the development of a global ballistic missile warning system. China will become the third ballistic missile in the world after the United States and Russia. The country of the early warning system. For a country with a strategic missile, the completeness of the early warning system will allow the party to know in advance when and when the enemy has launched a ballistic missile. Before the enemy missile has landed, it will shoot the nuclear counterattack missile to the other side. Earlier, Russia announced that its new early warning radar system could monitor the launch of all missiles within 6,000 kilometers of Russia.

Missile tracking operations contribute to the ability to provide warning of ballistic missile launches. The American missile warning mission uses a mix of space-based and terrestrial sensors. Missile warning includes the notification to national leaders of a missile attack against North America, as well as attacks against multinational partners. It also includes notification to multinational partners and forward deployed personnel of missile attack. There is no room for error in missile warning for homeland defense; therefore, all information provided must be timely, accurate, and unambiguous.

A well-organized missile warning system structure allows commanders to maximize detection and warning of inbound ballistic missiles, thereby ensuring effective passive defense, active defense, and attack operations. Missile warning systems process raw sensor data into missile warning reports and disseminate the information to users globally. Missile warning consists of multiple ground and space-based systems located worldwide.

With the beginning of the Cold War, American defense experts and political leaders began planning and implementing a defensive air shield, which they believed was necessary to defend against a possible attack by long-range, manned Soviet bombers. The US Air Force soon developed and operated an extensive early warning radar sites and systems which acted as “trip wire” against air attack. During the 1960s and 1970s, the USSR focused on creating intercontinental and sea-launched ballistic missiles and developed an anti-satellite capability. The northern radar-warning networks could not only [be] outflanked but literally jumped over.

In response, the USAF built a space-surveillance and missile-warning system to provide worldwide space detection and tracking and to classify activity and objects in space. Defense Support Program satellites use an infrared sensor to detect heat from missile or booster plumes against the relatively cool background of the Earth's surface. These satellites have provided uninterrupted warning since the early 1970s when they were first launched into a 22,000-mile geosynchronous orbit. These satellites were designed to detect strategic ballistic missiles in the early stage of launch of their flights.

American space-based sensors, such as Defense Support Program and space-based infrared system, usually provide the first level of immediate missile detection. Some satellite sensors also accomplish nuclear detonation detection. Ground-based radars provide follow-on information on launches and confirmation of strategic attack. The majority of their day-to- day mission is space surveillance; however, the radars are always scanning the horizon for incoming missiles.

The Soviet Union followed a generally similar trajectory, though lagging the United States in the devvelopment of space based systems. The United Kingdom might be thought to have relied on the United States. The US exchanges missile detection and warning information with its multinational partners. The objective of SEW is the continuous exchange of missile early warning information derived from US missile early warning sensors.

Other nuclear weapon states, from France to North Korea, appear to have decided that they had no doctrinal imperative for such elaborate situation awareness. Small nuclear aresenals imply a relatively simple retaliatory doctrine, and presumably no great imagination would be required to understand that a nuclear attack had taken place and that a retlilatory strike was called for.




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Page last modified: 04-12-2021 17:15:48 ZULU