October 2004 Space News
- Hamilton Sundstrand to provide key technology for Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter Hamilton Sundstrand 31 Oct 2004 -- When NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory announced Sept. 20 it had selected Northrop Grumman to co-design the proposed Prometheus 1 spacecraft for the Jupiter Icy Moons Orbiter (JIMO) mission, it was very good news for Hamilton Sundstrand.
- Cassini Radar Shows Titan's Young, Active Surface Washington File 29 Oct 2004 -- The first radar images of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, show a very complex geological surface that might be relatively young, according to an October 29 NASA press release.
- U.S. set to have missile defense by year's end Army News 28 Oct 2004 -- The United States will have the capability to defend itself against a limited attack by long-range ballistic missiles when the missile defense system becomes operational later this year.
- International Spacecraft Peeks Below Cloud Shroud Around Titan Washington File 28 Oct 2004 -- Scientists are getting their best view ever of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, from early analysis of images and other data captured during the October 27 close flyby of the Cassini spacecraft, according to a NASA press release.
- Astronomers Identify Surviving Star of 1572 Supernova Washington File 28 Oct 2004 -- An international team of astronomers has identified the probable surviving companion star to a supernova explosion witnessed in 1572 by Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe and other astronomers of the era.
- CASSINI / TITAN THURSDAY VOA 28 Oct 2004 -- Scientists say new images from the U.S.-European Cassini spacecraft support the view that Saturn's giant moon, Titan, has conditions similar to that of early Earth before life appeared. As expected, it has detected the presence of organic chemicals in the atmosphere and ground that are the precursors to life.
- Orbital and NASA Postpone DART Launch Orbital Sciences Corp. 28 Oct 2004 -- Orbital Sciences Corporation (NYSE: ORB) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have postponed the launch of the Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology (DART) spacecraft that was scheduled for today. The postponement was due to the discovery of particulate contamination inside the fairing of the Pegasus launch vehicle. The launch team does not expect to carry out the mission before November 4, 2004.
- CASSINI PICTURES VOA 27 Oct 2004 -- The U.S. space agency has released the first close-up pictures of Titan, Saturn's secretive, giant moon. Photos from the international Cassini spacecraft show the orbiting object shrouded in haze, and astronomers say the new images do not answer many questions surrounding the mysterious moon.
- Cassini Completes First High-Resolution Reconnaissance of Titan Washington File 27 Oct 2004 -- The first high-resolution reconnaissance of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, shows dark and light features and possible striations on the surface, but scientists at an October 27 NASA press briefing are "not quite sure" yet what the images mean.
- Lockheed Martin Satellite Reliability Honored For Second Consecutive Year Lockheed Martin 27 Oct 2004 -- The Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] A2100 telecommunications satellite series has received an industry award for reliability for the second consecutive year. Frost & Sullivan’s 2004 Satellite Reliability Award is being given to Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems (LMCSS) for excellence in the production of flexible and reliable communications satellites used in geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO).
- DPRK's Stand on Peaceful Use of Space Clarified KCNA 26 Oct 2004 -- The space, the common heritage of humankind, must be used under all circumstances for the wellbeing of the peoples of all countries, urged the DPRK delegate in his speech in the discussion of the agenda "International Cooperation in Peaceful Use of Outer Space" at the Fourth Committee of the 59th UN General Assembly on Oct. 18.
- LOCKHEED MARTIN PERFORMS SUCCESSFUL HYBRID MOTOR TEST FIRING USING PARAFFIN FUEL Lockheed Martin 26 Oct 2004 -- Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) successfully completed a test firing of the largest paraffin-fueled hybrid motor on record at the NASA Stennis Space Center on Sept. 30, 2004. Paraffin is similar to the material used in candles, only stronger.
- Orbital and NASA Postpone Launch of DART Spacecraft Orbital Sciences Corp. 26 Oct 2004 -- Orbital Sciences Corporation (NYSE: ORB) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have postponed the launch of the Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology (DART) spacecraft for at least 48 hours. The mission's target satellite, the Multiple Paths, Beyond-Line-of-Sight Communications spacecraft, had a temporary loss of Global Positioning System (GPS) data reception that might have impacted the navigation accuracy for the on-orbit rendezvous sequence of events.
- NASA Helps Find Lifelong Gene Activity in Live Organisms Washington File 25 Oct 2004 -- NASA scientists and colleagues are learning how DNA encodes instructions for controlling basic biological functions, work that may change the understanding of human diseases, according to an October 22 NASA press release.
- World: Soyuz Brings Russian, U.S. Astronauts Safely Back From Space RFE/RL 24 Oct 2004 -- A Russian Soyuz spacecraft has brought back American and Russian astronauts from space. The capsule landed safely in Kazakhstan early today, precisely on time and on target. Two of the three men on board were returning from a six-month mission to the International Space Station, which now has a new Russian-American crew in charge.
- Orbital Set To Launch Pegasus Rocket Carrying Company-Built Autonomous Rendezvous Spacecraft For NASA Orbital Sciences Corp. 22 Oct 2004 -- Orbital Sciences Corporation (NYSE: ORB) announced today that it is in final preparations to launch the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)’s Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous Technology (DART) spacecraft aboard a Pegasus rocket. The mission is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, October 26, 2004, from Vandenberg Air Force Base, CA (VAFB) during an available seven-minute launch window that extends from 11:15 a.m. to 11:22 a.m. (Pacific). This operational schedule is subject to the completion of final testing and other pre-launch activities, as well as acceptable weather conditions in the VAFB area at the time of the launch.
- Raytheon Delivers Deployment STANDARD Missile-3 Rounds to Missile Defense Agency Raytheon 22 Oct 2004 -- Raytheon Company has begun delivering STANDARD Missile-3 (SM-3) initial deployment rounds to the Missile Defense Agency. The event was marked by a ceremony at the company's Missile Systems operations here today.
- Earth Drags Space and Time as It Rotates, Scientists Say Washington File 22 Oct 2004 -- An international team of NASA and university researchers has found the first direct evidence that the Earth drags space and time around itself as it rotates, according to an October 21 NASA press release.
- World: U.S.-European Mission To Solve Mystery Of Saturn's Enigmatic Moon RFE/RL 22 Oct 2004 -- A U.S.-European spacecraft is preparing to explore the planet Saturn's huge moon, Titan. The "Cassini-Huygens" spacecraft that has orbited the ringed planet since July is to venture within 1,200 kilometers of the cloud-covered moon on 26 October. The fly-by is to be the first of as many as 45 close encounters with Titan over the next four years. The space probe is scheduled to land a capsule on Titan's surface in January. The impending pass will examine the moon's surface, including the target area.
- Planets Born from Turbulence, Scientists Find Washington File 20 Oct 2004 -- New planets are formed by massive collisions of rocky embryonic planets, according to new observations made by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.
- Navy Transfers Space Surveillance Mission to Air Force Navy NewsStand 20 Oct 2004 -- The Navy transferred operation of the former Naval Space Surveillance System, the nation's oldest sensor built to track satellites and debris in orbit around the Earth, to the Air Force during formal ceremonies here Oct. 1.
- Cassini-Huygens Relies on Northrop Grumman Navigation Systems Northrop Grumman 20 Oct 2004 -- A space inertial reference unit (SIRU(tm)) produced by Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) has operated continuously aboard NASA's Cassini-Huygens spacecraft, which successfully entered orbit around Saturn on June 30, seven years after being launched from Kennedy Space Center.
- NASA Scientists Predict Next Period of Minimum Solar Activity Washington File 19 Oct 2004 -- Scientists at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center have found a simple way to predict the date of the next solar minimum, one extreme of the sun's 11-year activity cycle, according to an October 18 NASA press release.
- Officials activate National Security Space Institute AFPN 18 Oct 2004 -- Air Force Space Command officials stood up a space education and training organization here recently that they said will provide the foundation to creating a new generation of space professionals.
- Scientists Prepare for Space Probe's Plunge into Titan Atmosphere Washington File 18 Oct 2004 -- On January 14, 2005, the Huygens probe will plow into the orange atmosphere of Saturn's moon, Titan, becoming the first spacecraft to attempt to land on a moon in the solar system since the Soviet Union's Luna 24 touched down on Earth's moon in 1976, according to an October 14 press release from the University of California (UC), Berkeley.
- PRESS CONFERENCE ON APPLICATION OF OUTER SPACE TECHNOLOGY TO DEVELOPMENT United Nations 18 Oct 2004
- New Propulsion System Could Make Possible 90-Day Mars Round Trip Washington File 18 Oct 2004 -- NASA-funded researchers at the University of Washington are developing a new way to propel spacecraft that could cut the time for a 154-million-kilometer round trip to Mars from 2.5 years to 90 days, according to an October 14 University of Washington (UW) press release.
- RUSSIA/SPACE DOCKING VOA 16 Oct 2004 -- A three-man crew has arrived at the International Space Station, after a two-day trip in a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. Two of the men will replace the crew now on the station as part of the normal six-month rotation.
- Lockheed Martin-Built AMC-15 Satellite Launched Successfully From Baikonur Lockheed Martin 15 Oct 2004 -- The AMC-15 telecommunications satellite, designed and built by Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] for SES AMERICOM, was successfully launched today from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Liftoff occurred Oct. 14 at 5:23 p.m. EDT aboard a Proton rocket provided by International Launch Services (ILS). Initial contact with the satellite was confirmed at 2:52 a.m. EDT from the Lockheed Martin satellite tracking station in Uralla, Australia.
- ILS Proton Launches AMC-15 Satellite; 9th Mission In 9 Months Lockheed Martin 15 Oct 2004 -- A Russian Proton launch vehicle placed the AMC-15 satellite into orbit this morning, marking the ninth mission of the year for International Launch Services (ILS).
- NASA Stratospheric Monitoring Satellite Marks 20 Years in Orbit Washington File 14 Oct 2004 -- A NASA instrument that monitors Earth's upper atmosphere -- from volcanic eruptions to ozone holes -- marks 20 years in orbit, according to an October 13 NASA press release.
- EADS Astrium and Boeing to cooperate in satellite navigation EADS 14 Oct 2004 -- EADS Astrium and Boeing intend to cooperate in the field of satellite navigation. In the first stage, the two companies want to jointly develop a computer model capable of simulating the mutual behaviour of U.S. GPS navigation satellites and the future European Galileo system. This model will enable precise forecasts to be made of how changes to the overall system – for example, the launching of a new satellite – will affect users.
- Northrop Grumman-built Aura Spacecraft Declared Operational Northrop Grumman 14 Oct 2004 -- NASA has declared Aura, the newest Earth Observing system (EOS) satellite built by Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) operational. Aura, the second EOS satellite built by the company for NASA, has started to provide the most comprehensive space-based measurements ever of atmospheric gases.
- Orbital Successfully Launches Two Suborbital Target Vehicles For MDA's Critical Measurements Program Orbital Sciences Corp. 14 Oct 2004 -- Orbital Sciences Corporation (NYSE: ORB) announced today that it successfully launched two medium range target vehicles in a one-week period that supported the U.S. Missile Defense Agency's (MDA) Critical Measurements Program, Campaign 4 (CMP-4). The launches, both of which originated from Wake Island, located in the central Pacific region, took place on September 29 and October 6. Orbital's role in the test was to supply the boost vehicle, integrate the mission payload that was supplied by Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Laboratories and conduct launch operations as contracted by the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command. Orbital's Launch Systems Group in Chandler, AZ led the company's participation in the program.
- New U.S., Russian Crew on its way to International Space Station Washington File 14 Oct 2004 -- The tenth crew of the International Space Station successfully rocketed into space October 13, beginning a six-month mission, according to a NASA press release.
- Italian-Built Space Station Cupola Arrives at NASA Washington File 13 Oct 2004 -- The world's ultimate observation deck, a control tower for robotics in space, has arrived at NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) on its way to the International Space Station, according to an October 12 NASA press release.
- Raytheon Delivers 100,000th Best of Breed Module in Support of Missile Defense Systems Raytheon 12 Oct 2004 -- Raytheon Company has recently completed production of its 100,000th "Best of Breed" (BoB) Transmit/Receive (T/R) microwave module currently used to support air defense systems for missile defense.
- State Department Uses Satellite Imagery as Key Foreign Policy Tool Washington File 12 Oct 2004 -- The U.S. State Department is using remote-sensing technology on board satellites in an increasing number of nonmilitary applications to support U.S. foreign policy objectives, and one of the fastest-growing applications may be humanitarian assistance.
- LOCKHEED MARTIN-BUILT AMC-15 SATELLITE READY FOR LAUNCH FROM BAIKONUR COSMODROME Lockheed Martin 11 Oct 2004 -- The AMC-15 telecommunications satellite, designed and built by Lockheed Martin [NYSE: LMT] for SES AMERICOM of Princeton, NJ, is ready for launch Oct. 15, 2004 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome aboard a Proton/Breeze M launch vehicle provided by International Launch Services, a Lockheed Martin joint venture.
- Northrop Grumman Wins Bid to Compete for $39 Million in NASA Airframe Structures Work Northrop Grumman 11 Oct 2004 -- Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE:NOC) will help NASA's Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va., mature key airframe structures technologies under a recently awarded indefinite delivery/ indefinite quantity (ID/IQ) contract.
- NASA Rovers Find More Evidence of Water on Mars, Scientists Say Washington File 08 Oct 2004 -- NASA's Spirit and Opportunity rovers have found more evidence of past liquid water on Mars, raising the possibility that areas of the Martian surface were soaked long ago, before it dried and eroded into a wide plain, according to an October 7 NASA press release.
- Edwards system monitors SpaceShipOne during flights AFPN 08 Oct 2004 -- As SpaceShipOne rocketed over the Mojave Desert on Oct. 4 to claim the famed Ansari X Prize, a team of engineers here collected data about the spacecraft's trajectory thanks to the spaceport arrival and departure safety system.
- Sea Launch Completes Investigation of In-Flight Anomaly Boeing 08 Oct 2004 -- The Sea Launch Independent Review Board (IRB) has concluded its review of the Telstar 18 mission on June 28, which released the satellite short of its intended target apogee. Sea Launch is now ready to return to flight.
- Boeing Delivers World's Largest Communications Satellite Boeing 07 Oct 2004 -- Boeing [NYSE:BA] delivered its ninth Boeing 702 spacecraft, the world's largest communications satellite, which is providing broadband Internet services for Telesat of Canada and its customers throughout North America.
- Officials unveil new space badge AFPN 07 Oct 2004 -- Air Force Space Command officials unveiled a new space badge at the Strategic Space 2004 Convention in Omaha, Neb., on Oct. 7.
- MARS / WATER VOA 07 Oct 2004 -- The U.S. space agency NASA says one of its two rovers on Mars has found possible fresh evidence that liquid water existed there in the past
- AFRL technology flies on SpaceShipOne AFPN 05 Oct 2004 -- Cutting-edge technology developed by experts at Air Force Research Laboratory's human effectiveness directorate is being used with SpaceShipOne. The privately manned spaceship reached 328,491 feet (62.2 miles) for the second time in five days Oct. 4.
- NASA Administrator Congratulates the SpaceShipOne Team Washington File 05 Oct 2004 -- NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe congratulated the SpaceShipOne team on the third successful flight of a private human spacecraft. The team also wins the $10 million Ansari X Prize competition for its October 4 achievement.
- NASA Studies Space Railway to Explore Planet Origins Washington File 05 Oct 2004 -- A NASA-led team is studying the construction of a railway in space for a pair of telescopes that will provide views of planet, star and galaxy formation in unprecedented detail, according to an October 5 NASA press release.
- New US jamming system endangers Russian telecom sats - expert IRNA 05 Oct 2004 -- New US system of active jamming of satellite communications poses a serious danger for the Russian satellite orbital grouping, in particular telecommunications and navigation, Dr Ivan Mescheryakov, the vice president of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics, told Itar-Tass Tuesday.
- X PRIZE FLIGHT VOA 04 Oct 2004 -- The privately funded craft SpaceShipOne has completed a flight into space after an airborne launch above the California desert. The flight will bring the spaceship crew the 10 million dollar X Prize. Mike O'Sullivan reports from Mojave, California, the project is being hailed as the start of a new space age.
- Reconnaissance Office Transforms Space ISR AFPS 04 Oct 2004 -- The National Reconnaissance Office serves as the nation's eyes and ears in space. And while other organizations are working to transform military intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance on the ground, the NRO is looking at that transformation with a bird's-eye view.
- NASA Display System Gives Pilots Electronic View of Ground Washington File 01 Oct 2004 -- NASA has developed a revolutionary cockpit display technology that gives pilots a clear electronic 3-D perspective of what's outside, no matter how their vision may be impaired by weather or darkness, according to a September 30 NASA press release.
- UK Government Announces Support for Next Phase of Europe's Aurora Planetary Exploration Programme EADS 01 Oct 2004 -- On hearing the announcement made by Lord Sainsbury, Minister for Science and Innovation, and Prof. Ian Halliday, Chief Executive, Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council, at the The Royal College of Pathologists in London on Friday 1 October 2004, Dr Mike Healy, UK Director of Earth Observation, Navigation and Science at EADS Astrium immediately responded, saying:
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