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North Yemen Historical Timeline

1903-05

Anglo-Turkish Commission partially demarcates boundary between Yemen (then part of Ottoman Empire) and British protectorate of Adena

1911

Treaty between Ottoman Turks and Iman Yahya grants special rights to interior Zaydi tribes of the Shia Muslim Sect

1918

Turkish forces withdraw; Imamate of Yemen becomes independent (Nov)

1920’s

Imam consolidates central government control over rebellious tribes

1934

Anglo-Yemeni Treaty of Sanaa sets stage for future existence of two independent nations in southwest Arabia

Saudi-Yemeni Treaty of Taif ends brief border war and defines some 320 km of Yemen’s northern boundary; Disputed area of Asir lost to Saudi Arabia

1946

US recognizes Imamate of Yemen

1948

Imam Yahya assassinated; Succeeded by son Ahmed who repeatedly presses claim to British colony and protectorate of Ade

1958-61

Pro-Nasirist sentiments lead to loose federation with Egypt and Syria . . . (United Arab States)

1962

Imam Ahmad dies; Military coup in Sanaa; Yemen Arab Republic is proclaimed; Eight-year civil war begins between Egyptian-backed republicans and Saudi-backed royalists

1967

Last Egyptian troops depart by year’s end

1970-71

Agreement to end civil war signed in Jiddah; First nationwide elections

1979

Border clashes with South Yemen escalate into war; Mediation results in cease-fire and agreement to implement 1972 unification

1984

Discovery of oil near Ma’rib by American Oil Company (Yemen Hunt Oil Company); First exports through Red Sea terminal by 1987

1990

Pro-Western North Yemen and Marxist South Yemen Merge into Republic of Yemen

 



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