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Hawexit - Hawai'i Independence

HawaiiDespite the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai'i and annexation to the United States, indigenous Hawaiians have never relinquished their inherent sovereignty and right of self-determination. On January 17, 1893, Queen Lili'uokalani yielded her authority to the justice of the United States under protest.

Since the early 1970s, many Hawaiians have been advocating the return of lands and self-government. The modern Hawaiian movement began out of anti-eviction and land struggles, specifically the eviction of residents of Kalama Valley in 1970, as Hawaiian rights were asserted: "More akin to the American Indian Movement than to the Black Civil Rights Movement, the Hawaiian Movement began as a battle for land rights but would evolve, by 1980, into a larger struggle for native Hawaiian autonomy. Land claims first appeared, as in Kalama Valley, as community-based assertions for the preservation of agricultural land against resort and subdivision use. By the mid 1970s, these claims had broadened to cover military-controlled lands and trust lands specifically set aside for Hawaiians by the U.S. Congress but used by non-beneficiaries."

Individuals called The Hawaiians organized in 1970 seeking to reform the Hawaiian Homelands program and the Bishop Estate. In 1971, the Congress of Hawaiian People formed. In 1972, the organization ALOHA (Aboriginal Lands of Hawaiian Ancestry) was founded. The Homerule Movement emerged in 1973, along with the Hawaiian Coalition and Hui Malama 'Aina O Ko'olau. In 1974, the Council of Hawaiian Organizations, Alu Like, the Native Hawaiian Legal Corporation, and the first Hawaiian group calling for independence from the United States, 'Ohana O Hawai'i, were established. In 1975, the organization Hui Ala Loa formed on the island of Moloka'i, and the Hou Hawaiians, seeking federal recognition from the U.S. government, reorganized. In 1976, the Protect Kaho'olawe 'Ohana was founded to protest the American military bombing and abuse of the island of Kaho'olawe. Finally in 1978, the Office of Hawaiian Affairs was created by an amendment to the state constitution.

The most controversial and hotly debated issue in the Hawaiian community was is the 1996 Hawaiian sovereignty plebiscite (now called the "Native Hawaiian Vote"). In 1993, the Hawai'i state legislature established a Governor-appointed Hawaiian Sovereignty Advisory Commission, now named the Hawaiian Sovereignty Elections Council (HSEC). The HSEC was to determine, in part, "the will of the native Hawaiian people to call a democratically convened convention for the purpose of achieving consensus on an organic document that will propose the means for native Hawaiians to operate under a government of their own choosing." The question to be presented to Hawaiian voters is: "Shall the Hawaiian people elect delegates to propose a Native Hawaiian government?"

Proponents claim that as a matter of international law, the Native Hawaiian people have the right to proclaim the restoration of the originalstate - not the State of Hawai'i as part of the United States of America. Rather, an independent state under international law, and a member of the United Nations organization and other international organizations.

In 1988 the Palestinians unilaterally proclaimed their own state, in a declaration of independence. This unilateral declaration of independence eventually led to the Palestinian state being recognized over 150 other states in the world. The United States government is one of the few governments in the world to oppose the Palestinian state. But almost all of Latin America, Africa, and Asia recognize the existence of the state of Palestine.

Although federal agencies’ current consultation policies relative to federally recognized tribes are not generally applicable to the Native Hawaiian community and Indigenous Insular Communities, DOI is taking steps to improve outreach to and participation of those communities as well. This includes educating federal agencies concerning the importance of outreach to the Native Hawaiian community and the benefits of incorporating Native Hawaiian knowledge and experience in federal plans, and developing a DOI Native Hawaiian community consultation policy.




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Page last modified: 19-10-2017 15:23:42 ZULU