Kherson State Plant "Pallada"
The Khallas State Plant "Pallada" has a really interesting history. Being founded in 1936 as "Dokstroy", it was renamed several times in "Kherson Shipbuilding Shipyard" in 1944, then in "Kherson Shipbuilding Plant" Pallada "in 1970. In 1977, he became a part of the Kherson Shipbuilding Association, and only in 1998 Kherson State Plant "Pallada" acquired its current name, as well as full legal and financial self-sufficiency.
But regardless of the name or dependence, Kherson State Plant "Pallada" is a unique plant that creates modern reinforced concrete composite floating docks, many of which have no analogues all over the world. Composite floating docks, which were built by "Pallada", are known all over the world. Some of these docks are unique. They operate effectively in countries with different climatic conditions: in Russia (the Kola Peninsula, Kamchatka, the Far East and the Baltic Sea), the Caspian Sea in Azerbaijan, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam, Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt, Turkey, Croatia , Bulgaria, Malta, South Africa and other countries.
The design of these docks is characterized by the fact that their pontoon part, which is in aggressive sea water, is made of sulphate-resistant reinforced concrete, and metal towers. Years of experience in the construction and operation of such docks, built at the Pallada State Historical Museum, testifies to the optimality of this design, which reduces the consumption of metal required for the construction of the dock by almost half and reduces operating costs several times. the concrete part of the dock during the entire period of operation does not need to be repaired.
The technology of floating-free longitudinal and transverse splicing of pontoons afloat from separate parts, mastered at the enterprise, provides for the construction of floating docks and other floating structures of virtually any size, and the margin of safety makes it possible to make an ocean tow to any port in the world.
In the mid-1930s, the Soviet Union embarked on the construction of powerful civil and military fleets under the slogan "Mighty Power - Mighty Fleet". In accordance with the decision of the USSR Council of People's Commissars, the specialized organization Dokstroy was created to build the world's largest reinforced concrete docks for the Black Sea Shipping Company. The construction site for this organization was chosen in Kherson in 1936. Since that time, began the history of the Pallas State Hermitage Museum. Already in the pre-war years, four reinforced concrete docks of a monolithic structure with a lifting force of 4,000 and 6,000 tons were built at the newly created plant. Some of these docks are currently operated at the former Leningrad plant Kanonersky plant and at the Odessa ship repair plant.
In 1958, the plant began to build reinforced concrete docks of the national team and prefabricated block structures, the hulls of which consisted of separate reinforced concrete sections and blocks, pre-fabricated in workshop conditions and spliced ??into a single building on the stocks. Most of these docks have been successfully operating at the enterprises of the Far East, the Kola Peninsula, the Caspian, Baltic, and Middle-Earth Seas.
In 1968, for the first time in the world docking practice, the plant mastered the construction of floating docks of a composite structure. A characteristic feature of these docks is that their pontoon part, which is constantly located in salty sea water, is made of sulfate-resistant reinforced concrete, and the dock towers are made of steel, commonly used in shipbuilding. The complexity of the construction of such a dock is more than two times less than the construction of an integral concrete dock, which allowed the plant to significantly increase the number of docks supplied to the domestic market and for export.
The development of the floating docks composite construction and the introduction into production of a zero-free splicing afloat of several parts of the docks allowed the plant to create floating structures of virtually any size without reconstruction of dry building docks. The strength characteristics of these docks provide towing them to any port in the world, they are competitive in the world market and are in high demand.
Specialists of the plant in collaboration with design organizations and various institutes have developed and implemented high-performance technologies, new high-strength frost-resistant shipbuilding concrete at the plant. This not only improved the quality and durability of floating docks, but also enabled the plant to build docks for various purposes, many of which are unique and have no analogues in the world dockbuilding practice. At one of these docks, the nuclear submarine Kursk was raised after a known accident.
Kherson State Plant "Pallas" is named after the goddess Athena Pallas, who in ancient Greek mythology personified the victory, was the patroness of knowledge, arts and crafts. The history of development and successful activity of the Pallas CSC indicated that the goddess Pallas Athena now patronizes our factory, which today is a modern, highly organized enterprise, occupying a leading place not only among the former USSR pre-builders, but also among world-famous construction companies. floating docks and other structures.
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