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Military


NVK "Progress"

Scientific and industrial complex "Progres" is an enterprise of the defense-industrial complex ( OPK ) of Ukraine , which specializes in the development and production of complex optical, optical-electronic and optical-mechanical devices and gyroscopic devices, medical equipment, heat pumps , heat exchange devices, various products public consumption. The presence of design and design and technology bureau allows us to pay great attention to research and development and produce products that meet the most modern standards . The field of activity of the complex is the defense and aerospace industry.

The enterprise manufactures guided artillery shells ( Kvitnyk type ), passive-active laser sighting system for helicopters , optical-electronic countermeasures station ( Adros KT-01AB type ) to protect helicopters from damage by guided missiles with infrared homing heads (GSN ), devices for reducing thermal visibility of helicopters (AP-1B screen-exhaust device), aviation rifle sights (type C-17 of various modifications for Su -17 , Su-22 , Su-25 aircraft, Mi-24 , Ka-25 helicopters), thermal homing heads (9E418 type thermal homing head for Igla-1 air defense system, 60TI and 75T type thermal homing head for R-60 and R-62M air missiles ), laser semi-active homing head (9E421 type for guided artillery shells), radio stations , hunting optical sights (PO 434 and PAM), slit lamps (ShL-2B), photo lenses (Mir-2411, Kaleynar-5N, Telenar-N, MS Yashma-4N), microscopes (MOS-OF), ophthalmological tables, heat pumps and heat exchangers, etc.

The state-owned enterprise Scientific and Production Complex "Progres", which is part of the DK "Ukroboronprom", completed work on the modernization and full import replacement of components from Russia of the high-precision 152-mm "Kvitnyk" projectile. The Nizhyn enterprise, which is a leading developer of high-precision projectiles, is ready for testing and serial production of this high-tech weapon, which fully corresponds to the concept of modern warfare according to NATO standards.

Destroy with the first shot"Kvitnyk" is a high-precision 152-mm projectile that hits a target with an error of a few centimeters at a distance of up to 20 km. This became possible thanks to laser targeting, which can be carried out from a drone or a ground corrector. Such technology allows destroying the most protected targets, for example, command posts, communication nodes, bridges, crossings, strongholds, etc. Total superiority in counter-battery combat is achieved when the enemy's artillery is eliminated without a chance to retaliate.

Thanks to laser guidance, it is possible to destroy even moving targets, for example, armored vehicles, both on the march and in battle formations. In addition, the use of "smart" weapons allows you to strike accurately at the enemy, who is covered by civilian objects.

Thus, "Kvitnyk" can perform special, extremely difficult tasks that cannot be performed with ordinary projectiles. Such "smart" weapons fully correspond to the modern concept of warfare by NATO standards, when the advantage is achieved by accuracy, coherence and mobility of fire.

Although the high-precision "Kvitnyk" was adopted by the Armed Forces of Ukraine back in 2012, there had been no orders for it since then. Since 2014, there has been a question of the need to replace Russian components, which were more than 40% in the projectile. Over several years, the specialists of the State Enterprise of the State Enterprise "Progres" carried out large-scale work on the complete import substitution of "Kvitnyk". The product production cycle is closed, some components are purchased from leading world-class manufacturers.

Thanks to this, it was possible to switch to a digital control system, increase the firepower of "Kvitnyk" and increase its reliability. In fact, the projectile systems were completely redesigned. This required the painstaking work of dozens of specialists.

First of all, "Kvitnyk" received a new, several times smaller, guidance head, which is one of the most complex parts of a high-precision projectile. During a shot, all systems of the projectile, including optics, electronics, executive devices of precision mechanics, must withstand an overload of 10,000 g (when 100 grams is converted into a ton). Despite such extreme characteristics, the electronics must work and control the projectile.

That is why only a few countries in the world are currently developing similar high-precision projectiles, and thanks to Nizhny Progress, Ukraine is among them.

At the same time, the new guidance head allows using it not only in the 152-mm "Kvitnik", but also in its "NATO" version in 155-mm caliber, as well as in the 122-mm "Karasuk" projectile and the new 120-mm mini "Krucha". Thus, the use of one guidance head in the entire line of calibers of high-precision projectiles, provided that they are serially produced in large batches, allows you to significantly reduce its cost.

Currently, the SE Scientific and Production Complex "Progres" is fully ready to conduct the necessary preliminary and state tests of "Kvitnyk", serial production and are waiting for orders from the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine.

On the territory of the Nizhyn district of the Chernihiv region, the Nizhyn local cucumber variety was created through popular selection, which was the standard of the salting type. The famous Nizhyn cucumber fishery developed on the basis of this variety. Nizhyn cucumbers as a variety and as a product trademark (brand) became well-known and popular in the world in the 20th century.

The "trace" of the Nizhyn Greeks in the origin of the Nizhyn cucumber was also traced by our similar investigations. But the statement that the salting fishery was formed in Nizhyn by the Greeks, resettled by Catherine II, is contradicted by the fact that already in 1788, local Nizhyn merchants (perhaps also Greeks) presented pickles to the empress, who was on a trip to the Crimea at that time. It was after this event that a decree was issued, according to which only Nizhyn cucumbers were required to be delivered to the royal court in the future. This period is attributed to the development of salting production on an industrial scale (the company "Dmytrienko-Kolomak" was founded).

However, according to the research of many local historians, there is evidence that the Greeks organized their settlement in Nizhyn at the beginning of the 17th century, while the mass settlement of Ukrainian lands incorporated into the Russian Empire by representatives of other nationalities, including and Greeks, took place during the 19th century. In this case, the version about Greek roots, but immigrants from an earlier period of settlement on the territory of modern Nizhyn (or on the outskirts, in the nearest villages), is more reliable. In addition, it is known that in 1698, when Tsar Peter I of Moscow was campaigning on Azov and building ships near Voronezh, his associate O. Menshikov was engaged in harvesting cucumbers in Nizhyn.




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Page last modified: 22-04-2023 18:37:43 ZULU