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Miniature Missile Assault Boat
Rong-yao Zhi-xing / Glorious Star

From 1979 to 1981, the Taiwan Navy built 50 Seagull-class guided missile speedboats in three years, with a tonnage of 47 tons, which is similar to the assault boats it wants to make now. The Seagull-class speedboat was decommissioned in July 2012 due to its old age and was replaced by 30 Guanghua-6 guided missile speedboats. The Guanghua 6 guided missile speedboat has 185 tons and is equipped with two-pack Xionger missiles.

After the Seagull-class speedboat was eliminated, the reason why the ship of the same size was not rebuilt was because the tonnage was too small and the combat function was limited. It is understood that after the "mine hunting ship case" was frustrated, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen actively promoted the mini-missile assault boat case in order to firm up the "national shipbuilding" policy. In addition, the construction technology of the assault boat is not difficult, and the construction time is short. It is the first "national shipbuilding" project planned by Tsai Ing-wen during her tenure, and it has great declarative significance.

In early 2018, the Taiwan Academy of Sciences announced the concept of a miniature missile boat: a small boat with a full load of 45 tons and only one anti-ship missile. Taiwans Ministry of National Defense confirmed 08 January 2018 that the General Staff Headquarters guided the navys research and construction of concealed mini-missile assault boats in accordance with the national armys operational concept of "decisive victory on the coast and annihilation of the enemy on the beach." The future miniature guided missile assault boat does not need a combat system or a radar. It adopts a stealth design, is shaped like a yacht and is mixed with a fishing boat. The ship-borne missile will run when it hits and has a surprise effect.

The "mini-missile assault boat" proponent was Admiral Li Hsi-ming, the former chief of staff. In recent years, with Li Hsi-ming's resignation 01 July 2019 from the army, it had been repeatedly reported that there have been line disputes within the navy. On 18 November 2020 the Foreign Affairs and National Defense Committee of the Legislative Yuan reviewed the Ministry of National Defense's public and confidential budgets for 2021. The Navys budget for micro-missile assault boats have all been deducted. Officials also publicly stated for the first time that they did not meet operational requirements.

Regarding the the mini-missile assault boat proposed by Chief of Staff Li Hsi-ming, the Legislative Yuan had previously decided that the prototype ship must be completed and verified and evaluated before the follow-up ship can be built. Therefore, the military expected in 2022, four mini-missile assault boat prototypes would be built, and then 56 ships would be built, making a total of 60. The last boat of the same class is expected to be delivered in 2029, and it is expected that it will start to form a flotilla after 2023 at the earliest.

The Navy Command stated on 07 September 2020 that the case was in accordance with the legislative Yuan's 2019 budget review requirements, "it is necessary to wait for the prototype boat to complete the contract design and simulation platform test, and report to the Legislative Yuan for approval. After that, construction can start.

In recent years, the Taiwan army has focused on the concept of asymmetric combat, hoping to build a combat power that can compete with the Communist army with a small size. This is the concept of the miniature missile assault boat. The intent is a fishing boat-sized speedboat, equipped with anti-ship missiles while still maintaining high speed. Concealed in ordinary fishing ports or commercial ports during wartime, as long as they are ordered, they can attack immediately, and even multi-boats can launch a saturation attack on enemy large ships with anti-ship missiles, which can severely damage the enemy ships and immediately escape and transfer to specific waters. Stand-by is a wolves tactic of hit and run. The case was launched during Li Hsi-mings tenure and was once regarded as an indicator of asymmetric naval operations. However, with Lis retirement, the budget for the case became less and less, and even the amount was only at the level of operation maintenance costs.

The concept of this "miniature missile assault boat" aimed to create assault boats that can be operated by only a few officers and soldiers, equipped with powerful anti-ship firepower, and high speed. They are scattered in specific sea areas or commercial ports or fishing ports during wartime. ; As the assault boat has a small tonnage and is not easy to be detected, when it detects an enemy surface ship, it can quickly launch an attack and transfer immediately after the fight. This is an asymmetrical combat method. This hit and run method, Also known as "wolf pack tactics."

The ROC Navys attack theory for the establishment of a miniature missile attack boat is that the boat lacks the ability to search the sea beyond the visual range, but still uses the data network of the shore-based or early warning aircraft to obtain the enemy fleet coordinates and launch surprise attacks on maritime targets within 200 kilometers. A single speedboat squadron of 5 to 10 missile boats can fire a salvo of 10 Xiongji or Xiongsan anti-ship missiles at a time within the Taiwan Strait less than 200 kilometers away. These anti-ship missiles pass through the shore-based command post and missile boats. The fire control system above is planned to have different penetration ballistics. 10 missiles can enter the enemy fleet from all directions at the same time to achieve the effect of surprise attacks. More than 60 ships are distributed in various fishing ports in the province. A speedboat squadron can fire a volley of 20 Xiongji or Xiongsan anti-ship missiles from the north and south. The fierce firepower net is self-evident.

The Navy currently had many ships with similar concepts but with larger volumes. For example, in recent years, the emerging force representative of surface ships, the "Tuojiang Ship", is one of them, with a tonnage of 600 tons (subsequent mass production models are nearly 700 tons). Carrying the Xiongfeng series of anti-ship missiles has become the focus of attention of all parties; to be smaller, there is the "Guanghua-6 Missile Speedboat" that served in Tuojiang several years earlier. This boat also carries the Xiongfeng missile, but the tonnage is less than 190 tons. The two types of ships have previously been considered to be the key force for the Navy to perform asymmetric operations. The mini-missile assault boat is only 50 tons in size. Although it is smaller in size, some of the tasks may overlap with the aforementioned two types.

The Zhongshan Academy of Sciences held a business invitation conference in January 2018 to disclose the news that the Navy intends to build a 50-ton hidden mini-missile assault craft, and each ship can carry two Xionger anti-ship missiles, but from the latest 2018 year. According to the content of the invitation briefing session of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Taiwan, the miniature guided missile assault boat has a displacement of about 45 tons with a full load, a total length of about 21.4 meters, a full width of about 5.4 meters, a draft of 2.4 meters, and a maximum speed of more than 35 knots at full load. The endurance is at least 100 miles at a maximum speed of 35 knots per hour. The seakeeping must be below the Pu's fifth wind to perform the task normally, and the structure and stability below the Pu's seventh wind have no safety concerns about navigation.

In addition, glass reinforced plastic (FRP) or aluminum alloy can be used on the hull structure, and the hull has a radar concealed (RCS) design. It is understood that the Chinese Academy of Sciences has invited the shipyard to hold a briefing last Friday (5th), explaining that the mini-missile assault boat does not need a combat system or a radar. It has an RCS design and adopts the appearance of a yacht and fishing boats mingled together.

The "Ministry of Defense Budget" approved the construction of 60 mini-missile assault boats with 31.638 billion yuan. The estimated cost of a single ship is about 500 million yuan. It can be found that what the Taiwan Navy wants is not just a copy of the 50-ton seagull speedboat in the early years. If you dont study the contents of the Ministry of National Defenses report carefully, you can easily be led away by the mainstream media and mistakenly believe that what the Navy wants to build is a traditional seagull-class speedboat.

But first, the navy already has a Tuojiang-class twin-hull missile speedboat with a speed of about forty knots. The newer, smaller, and more sophisticated miniature assault missile craft should not be able to be slower than forty knots, otherwise the function will become tasteless. Second, looking at the bid awards over the past years, the cost of each 50-ton miniature missile boat has reached 500 million yuan, which is higher than the 460 million yuan of the 500-ton Jinjiang ship.

After the relevant claims were confirmed by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, it can be confirmed that the "Glorious Star" and the "Mini Missile Assault Boat" are not directly related. In fact, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is currently conducting a new type of short-range anti-ship missile with a length and performance specifications between the Yuichi and Yuji missiles, and is being tested by the "Glory Star" at sea. If the evaluation is successfully completed, it will be able to improve the Navy in the future.

Under the government's promotion of the "National Shipbuilding Policy", the Chinese Academy of Sciences continues to develop various marine equipment, combined with the combat management system, and further integrates into a ship combat system for use by our navy. In order to make the task of independent research and development of weapons smooth and improve the efficiency of resource input, the Chinese Academy of Sciences decided to build an available offshore test platform, that is, a work ship.

The "Glorious Star" and the Tuojiang ship currently in service in the navy also adopt the wave-piercing double hull design. The tonnage is 80 tons, the length is 28 meters, and the width is 8 meters. On the whole, it is smaller than the 500-ton Tuojiang ship, so after launching It was once considered to be the prototype of the "miniature missile assault boat" pushed by the former commander Li Hsi-ming.

At this stage, the National Zhongshan Academy of Sciences is actively developing various marine systems and equipment in cooperation with the government's policy of promoting national shipbuilding, and combining with the advanced combat management system developed, it is integrated into a ship combat system for use by Chinese navy ships. In order to make the tasks of independent research and development of weapons smooth, and to improve the efficiency of research and development, such as manpower, financial resources and material resources, the institute plans to build a sea test platform (work ship) that can be used independently.

Since September 107, this institute has applied for the preparation of a sea test platform (work ship) for autonomous use. Today (15), the launching ceremony will be held at the Longde Shipyard and named after the "Glorious Star" , The ship is scheduled to start operation and maintenance in the second half of this year (108), which will effectively shorten the research and development schedule of various marine weapon systems of this hospital, and achieve the governments national shipbuilding policy and the navys new shipbuilding requirements. People are urged for support and encouragement.

Just like a reduced version of the Tuojiang ship, the Chinese Academy of Sciences "Glorious Star" marine test platform is equipped with a domestically-made ship-borne phased radar, and it is planned to conduct sea trials in the near future. Following the installation of the Xiongfeng II anti-ship missile , the ship-based chain gun remote control system (30 mm MK44 chain gun) and the low intercept rate navigation radar (LPI) on the sea ??test platform of the Chinese Academy of Sciences "Glorious Star" , the After the sea trials in Yilan, Hualien and other waters, the "Glory Star" has made new progress in testing domestic equipment systems. Recently, the "Glory Star" has continued to install low intercept rate navigation radars at the midships. A radar system was installed at the stern of the ship.

Since the ship has the profile of the Tuojiang-class missile patrol ship of the Navy, but the overall size is smaller, it was originally speculated that the "Glorious Star" was the "miniature missile assault boat" of the former chief of staff, General Li Hsi-ming. . However, the real mission has recently been exposed, and it is the sea test platform used by the Chinese Academy of Sciences for its fire control system and missile.

Ship name Glorious Star
Ship owner National Zhongshan Academy of Sciences
Tonnage about 80 tons
Length 28 meters
Ship width 8.4 meters
Purpose work boat, carrier for testing marine system equipment
Method of collection Construction and construction of Weilongde Shipyard
Glorious Star Glorious Star Glorious Star Glorious Star Glorious Star Glorious Star Glorious Star

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Page last modified: 08-01-2021 13:53:58 ZULU