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Minguo Calendar

Minguo Gregorian
591970
601971
611972
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Minguo Gregorian
902001
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1032014
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The year 2020 is the 109th year of the Republic of China. The Minguo (meaning country of the people) calendar, also known as the Republic of China calendar, is the Republic of China's national calendar mode, the ROC government promulgated standard. It is known as the time table in mind Republic of China ××× years, referred to as the Republic of China ××× years , people ××× so on. This way dating to AD 1912, the Republic of China to establish the first year, and AD dating a difference of 1911. The way to calculate the year in Minguo calendar is to subtract 1911 from the Gregorian year. So 2012 - 1911 = Year 101.

The month, day, intercalation are the same Gregorian calendar. It is also called the national calendar according to the calendar established in the Republic of China. At present, it is mainly used in Taiwan, Penghu, Jinma, which is actually ruled by the Republic of China government.

Taiwan (for most official documents, including business contracts) uses what is known as the Minguo Calendar, which sets the year “1? to 1912, which is the year of the founding of the Republic of China (e.g. Taiwan). So instead of AD (anno domini, or in the year of our Lord) and BC (before Christ)… they basically say “in the year of our Republic”. While official business, contracts, etc. as well as many signs will use the Minguo Calendar, pop culture, media, etc. will use the regular (e.g. Gregorian) calendar that pretty much the rest of the world is accustomed to.

In the Xinhai year (1911) of the third year of Xuantong of the Qing Dynasty (1911), the revolutionary party led by Sun Yat-sen revolted in Wuchang and overthrew the Qing monarchy. The proclamation of the Hubei military government and the declarations in response to the provinces did not use the year name but the Huangdi era; but when the revolutionary parties discussed the establishment of a republican government, they believed that the Huangdi era was not in line with the purpose of a democratic republic. Representatives of the provinces held an interim presidential election meeting in Nanjing on December 29, and Sun Yat-sen was elected as the interim president of the Republic of China. The following year (1912) was officially inaugurated on New Year’s Day, the provinces were electrified, the country was awarded the Republic of China, and the imperial reign was no longer used, and the Huangdi Era 4609 (January 1, 1912) was the Republic of China New Year's Day, and use the Gregorian calendar. The year before the establishment of the Republic of China can be "Minqian". For example, the year before the Republic of China is 1911.

It is worth mentioning that the beginning year of the calendar of the Republic of China is consistent with the main calendar of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Japanese reign of Emperor Taisho (1912 to 1926) during the reign of Emperor Taisho. The N year of the Republic of China was also the "N year of the main body" of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the "N year of Taisho" in Japan (until the death of Emperor Taisho in 1926). This is because the first year of the Republic of China, the birth year of Kim Il Sung, the founder of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and the year of Emperor Taisho of Japan’s accession to the throne were all in 1912 AD. It is purely coincidental and has nothing to do with the three.




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Page last modified: 06-10-2021 12:15:07 ZULU