Huadong / Hua-tung Defense Command
The Huadong Defense Department is responsible for combat command tasks. The defense zone covers the area east of the central mountain range of the main island of Taiwan, south of Pingxi to the north of Dazhuxi, and offshore islands such as Green Island and Lanyu. By 2013 the combat forces under the Huadong Defense Department included the 128th and 129th garrison brigades and the tank battalions directly under the Defense Department; combat support forces include air defense companies, communications battalions, chemical companies, engineer companies, etc.; service support forces have a second logistics command.
The predecessor was originally the 67th Army, and in 1948, it became a military in Nanjing. In May of 1949, he was coedited with the 10th Army. and changed to the 10th army. In October of the same year, he moved to Zhoushan. In November, he resumed the 67th Army and participated in the Battle of Dengbu Island. In the 1950, he moved to Taiwan and entered Taoyusan. In forty-three years, he was reorganized into the Second Army in Changhua. In January of the 65th year, the number was changed to the 32nd Army, and it was still stationed in Hsinch. In 1989,the Lujing No.6 case was transferred to Hualien and was also adapted to the Huadong Defense Command. Due to ROC Armed Forces reorganization in 2006, the title of the Crops has renamed “Army Huadong Defense Command.”
East Taiwan consists of Hualien and Taitung counties. The area covers 8,143 square kilometers, about one fifth of Taiwan's total area, but has a population of only 610,000 or just three percent of the population of Taiwan. Communities are usually found in the few scattered flat areas. The administration centers, Hualien City and Taitung City, are located in the north and south of this area respectively. The longitudinal Huatung rift valley separates the Central from the Coastal Range.
The Hua-tung valley [also known as the Hua-Tung Long Valley], surrounded by the central and coastal mountain range, contains many steep rivers and creeks which form some fertile alluvial fans. The valley stretches from the plains of Hualien in the north to the plains of Taitung in the south. It was formed by the collision of two massive tectonic plates, the Philippine Plate and the Euro-Asian Continental Plate. Hua-tung has beautiful scenery, abundant natural resources and unique cultural attractions. The Huatung Valley has been the pivotal granary of Taiwan. Its warm climate and the environment without pollution let it be the major producer of excellent rice in Taiwan. Of the nine aboriginal tribes in Taiwan four of them, the Amei, Atayal, Bunun and Puyuma tribes, inhabit the Hua-tung valley.
In the past, East Taiwan suffered from inconveniences in its transport system caused by the geographical barrier of the Central Range. Under the rule of the Japanese, construction projects included the completion of the Eastern Railway in 1926, the building of Huatung Highway in 1930 and the completion of the Southern-Round-Island Highway in 1932. After World War II, the opening of the Central Cross-island (Chungheng) Highway and the Southern Cross-island (Nanheng) Highway provided tourist routes. A milestone in the development of the region's infrastructure came in 1991 with the opening of the Taiwan-Round-island Raiway. Highway 9 runs down the main Huatung Valley, while Highway 11 follows the coast. The Kuanfeng Highway, Jueikang Highway, and Tungfu Highway connect the valley with the coact.
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