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Yantar Baltic Shipbuilding plant (formerly Shipyard 820)

Yantar Baltic Shipbuilding plant is engaged in shipbuilding, ship repair, mechanical engineering, and work with light alloys. Yantar is a surface vessel center, historically responsible for Krivaks, Alligators, Udaloys, and Ivan Rogovs. By 1995, the Neustrashimyy-class frigates were being built there. The shipyard continues the Neustrashimy frigate series producing upgraded sister ships along with constructing a large amphibious ship Ivan Gren for the Russian Navy, a Sprut-class pollution control vessel and a training ship.

Yantar [Amber] is the largest shipbuilding enterprise in the Kaliningrad Region. It can execute turn key building, shiprepair works, conversion lengthening of any complexity for ships of up to 150x26 m with light ship weight up to 10000 t. It has the full complex of facilities for steel cleaning, cutting and bending. Shipyard Yantar disposes of a design department developing the high quality project and working-construction documentation. There are separate workshops for light alloys and mechanical engineering.

  • Shipbuilding complex Yantar: Two building places: L=306 m, W=24 m. Cranes: 2 x 30 t, 5 x 80 t. Shipbuilding complex Yantar? allows building vessels with launching weight up to 12000 ton.
  • Building hall: Four slipways L=110 m, W=42 m. Cranes: 6 x 30-90 t. (Free height under crane hook 30 m)
  • Shipbuilding complex Burevestnik Three building places: L=164 m, W=16m. Cranes: 2 x 20 t, 2 x 30 t.
  • Piers of 1500 m long in total. Cranes along the piers for ship service: 9 x 20 t.Floating crane: 100 t.
  • Tugs: 2 x 1200 hp, 1?. 160 hp, 1?. 150 hp.
  • Two floating docks: Dock No. 8: 150 x 29 m, 12000 t. Dock No. 2: 131 x 22,5 m, 6000 t

Over a period of six years [1993-1999] a total of three general directors had taken turns at running the Baltic Shipbuilding plant Yantar, which manufactures the most advanced warships. Because of abrupt reduction of the state defence order one third of workers were laid off, and the rest didn't receive their wages for months. In 1997 a new general director, Aleksei Zhirenko, came to Yantar. He made several profitable contracts for building of dry-ships for foreign companies, and the enterprise started three-shift work again. But in September 1999 Aleksei Zhirenko suddenly resigned without explanation.

"Yantar' Baltic ship-building plant" public company has generated an order book during 2000 and 2001. Up to 75% of its orders falls to ships manufacturing for foreign companies. In 2001 "Yantar'" constructed 8 ship's hulls equipped with the basic mechanisms, for Norway, Holland and Germany. For the previous ten years the plant had not produced any vessel for the Russian fish branch. The plant continued to execute state military orders for construction of patrol ship "Yaroslav Mudry" (its readiness is 75%), multi-purpose patrol ship "Novik" and for repair of the ship of Federal Border Service of the Russian Federation.

On 10 November 2003 ShipbuildingRu reported that Yantar had signed a contract with the Dutch Zanen on building two multi purpose vessels for carrying chemical cargoes. Each ship is 130m long. The first will be delivered on March, 31 next year, the second on June, 31, 2004. Each ship will be 70% finished. In 2002-2003 Yantar used to build similar ships for the Dutch companies "Dalmulder&Dijko" and "Breko". At the same time, the shipyard was finishing the repair of the sea landing air cushion ship Mordovia for the Baltic fleet. This is the third "air cushion" repaired by Yantar in 2003. Apart from this the patrol boat Nastoichivy (Insistent) had been delivered for repair.

On 07 August 2007 ShipbuildingRu reported that Kaliningrad based Yantar shipyard had laid down the lead project 1135.6 frigate for the Navy of India. For this contract Yantar had invested considerable means in modernization of the manufacturing infrastructure, and bought a lot of modern equipment. Construction of the frigates was to be completed in 2012.

"The Yantar plant was given the second series of ships for political reasons," said Konstantin Makiyenko, deputy director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. "This was done not so much to support the specific plant as the economy of the entire Kaliningrad exclave."

The Yantar plant was in a terrible state in terms of both finances and personnel. But India, which agreed on the executor of the contract, has no real cause to complain. If New Delhi had firmly insisted on its terms and demanded that the contract for these ships be given to the familiar Baltic Shipyard, Moscow would have most likely met them halfway, so as not to miss out on these lucrative contracts.

However, despite the noticeable delay cited by the Indian side, the Kaliningrad plant is filling the orders. The problems faced at Yantar are similar to those faced by the Baltic plant in the case of the first batch of frigates. Having no stable income, the Yantar plant took its time to restore production capacity and the skill level of its workforce, as well as to arrange production with subcontractors.

The plant just barely eked it out, but the job was completed, despite the terrible conditions at the outset. Konstantin Makiyenko said that initially the problems were such that one could have expected a much larger delay than the one currently cited by the Indian side. "By all appearances, the plant is all warmed up from filling the order and will work more smoothly in the future," he said.

In addition, it should be noted that the Russian Navy itself placed orders with the Yantar plant after evaluating the Project 1135.6 platform based on the Indian contracts. The plant laid the keels for the flagship frigate Admiral Grigorovich in December 2010 and the Admiral Essen in July 2011.

On 29 June 2013 Baltic shipyard "Yantar" conveyed the Republic India frigate "Trikand" ("Onion"). Thus successfully completed the construction of a series of project 11356 ships for the Indian Navy. At the ceremony of the transfer of frigate "Trikand" by the Indian Navy was held at the Quay and plant directly on board the vessel. It was attended by the Ambassador of the Republic of India in Moscow Ajay Malhotra, Deputy Commander of the Indian Navy Vice Admiral r. k. Dhovan, representatives of Russian ministries and departments. In particular, in celebration of USC President Vladimir Shmakov.

Speaking at the ceremony, senior representatives of Russia and India indicated that this serial project raises to a new level of friendly relations between the two countries and seriously strengthens the position of India in the world ocean. The Indian side expressed its appreciation of the quality of construction of these ships, which is the world's first missile "Brahmos" joint Russian-Indian design. In his statement, the Director of "Rosoboroneksport" Anatoly Isaikin also said that during the construction of the three frigates Russian shipbuilding and shipyard «Yantar» acquired invaluable experience which will certainly be used if India decides to order Russia has a series of ships of this project. After the signature of the receiving instrument aboard was lowered the flag of the Russian Navy, which he passed all the tests and held up the Indian naval flag.

Frigate "Trikand" was laid July 11, 2008. This is the last ship in a series of three project 11356 frigates built by the SHIPYARD "Yantar" in accordance with a contract signed in 2005. The first ship, "Teg" ("Sabre"), was handed over to the customer April 27, 2012. Transfer of the second frigate "Tarkash" ("Quiver"), was held on November 9, 2012. Project 11356 developed in OAO Severnoe DESIGN BUREAU ". The first three ships were built at the Baltic shipyard (St. Petersburg). Project 11356 frigates built at SHIPYARD "Yantar", different from the first three that they installed a supersonic missile "Brahmos" joint Russian-Indian design.

In June 2010, the Group was created for the reconstruction and modernisation of the plant. It had the mandate to carry on all the issues on the project of modernization of the enterprise, without which its continued development was impossible. On the proposal of the Ministry. In 2011 the modernization project was included in the Federal program "development of the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation until the year 2020. In the first stage, up to the year 2015, Yantar must implement the modernization and machine-building industries pipe bending equipment. The second stage is reconstruction and technical upgrade basic facilities and industries, from 2013 to 2016. Then the third stage – construction of hull production, which should be completed in the year 2018.

First of all, there was a need for investment funds in the Russian Federation under Minpromtorge modernization. The plant produced an additional package of securities, to the State, increasing its share to highlight investment funds for the development. The trust funds are going strictly on the development of the main assets of the enterprise. By the end of the 2010 year Yantar already had an agreement with the Ministry to develop a draft technical upgrading two productions. But to get into a program of investing it had to submit to the Ministry of industry and trade, April 1, 2011, design documentation with the positive conclusion of the examination. In the first half Yantar began to survey the main production buildings, buildings, constructions. Signed contracts for engineering and geological surveys, conducted all kinds of engineering and environmental surveys. First of all, of course, those buildings which are supposed to be reconstructed. In parallel, together with technologists have selected for inclusion in the project equipment upgrading. In April 2011, the plant was included in the program of financing. In August of the same year, the Ministry of industry and trade approved a project of technical upgrading of the plant. And the first money came only in December 2011.

Yantar applied to the Group bidding to host a contest in advance for the purchase of equipment for the project, because it was already determined. Thanks to that investment immediately after receipt of the signed contract for delivery, and Yantar was able to identify advances in December 2011. At first the bidding was a problem. Federal law FZ-94, according to which they are not suited to Yantar's conditions. A simplified system was needed, and in the end USC gave instructions to trade on an electronic site "Fabricator", which greatly simplified the procedure for procurement. It is thanks to this factory outlet purchased almost all of the necessary equipment. Especially it is necessary to note that during the bidding process, Yantar was able to save more than 20 mln rubles, which the plant has already purchased two modular compressor stations for the pressure of the whole plant, to replace the outdated system.

One of the most serious steps taken in agreement with the Ministry, had the idea to concentrate the total production in the same block, which eliminates unnecessary work and provides the necessary requirements of working areas of each piece of equipment. This is simplified and organization of production management. In general, taking into account the modernization and optimization of the performance Hall will increase 2.5 times. The old place will remain until electroplating, but in the long term and it is planned to build housing. Three years Yantar mainly worked on 41st workshop: purchased equipment, repair of new building did.

The big problems Yantar had with the current state of the fixed assets. When the designed technical upgrade productions, it did not take into account the State of engineering networks. All this was old, and Yantar had to design it at the second stage – reconstruction and technical upgrade of core subjects and productions. Content requirements are changing constantly. As of June 2013, it had been delayed by the approval of the Ministry of design task of phase 2, the absence of which gives grounds to conduct design and survey under renovation all quays and three buildings to hand over production. On draft phase 3 all metalworking manufacture is planned to concentrate in the new block. To do this Yantar need already in the second stage to put in order all the network and prepare the site for construction. In the further plans of the whole reconstruction, Yantar want to introduce industry corporate information system of the enterprise. It will significantly increase the possibility of the smooth construction of the ships.

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Page last modified: 09-11-2013 17:58:16 ZULU