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Yak-133BR Proryv Breakthrough

Irkut corporation started tests in 2016 of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) in the framework of experimental and designing program Proryv (formerly known as Yak-133 project). The drone can conduct reconnaissance and to destroy enemy objects if necessary remaining unnoticed by its radars. The novelty is composed according to an original aerodynamic scheme and differs from traditional aircraft externally significantly. Afterwards, the drone would be equipped not only with missiles of air-to-surface class and bombs but also with optronic systems, radio technical reconnaissance systems and even radar.

The Izvestia newspaper's publication states that in 2016 Russian aircraft builders were able to move from the "UAV concept of the future" on paper to a product that had flown into the air. We are talking about the unique flying drones Yak-133, also known as "Breakthrough". The product was created by the Alexander Yakovlev Experimental Design Bureau, a member of the Irkut Aircraft Corporation.

"At the design stage, a dispute arose between specialists of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after Zhukovsky (TsAGI), Irkut and OKB Yakovlev: will such a device be able to go up in the air. But despite all the doubts, in August "Breakthrough" successfully took off. The heart of the Yak-133 is a unique control system that has no analogues in the world, which the "Roskosmos" specialist helped to create "Yakovlev". It is important to note: the newest unique UAV is a combat vehicle. And in a short time, the Russian drone drone from simple flights will pass to the performance of combat missions for reconnaissance and defeat of the enemy," the Izvestiya article said.

A source in the aircraft-building industry remarked that aerodynamic scheme of the newest UAV (combination of its geometric and construction schemes) was very sophisticated and contained many unique technical solutions that have not been used in any of the series-made aircraft before.

One of participants of the project reported in September 2016: "At the stage of designing there were discussions between representatives of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after Zhukovsky, Irkut and experimental design bureau of Yakovlev in the course of which opinion were expressed that an aircraft of such shape would be unable to fly at all."

The source continued: "The doubts were unveiled only after the first test flight took place in August. Everything passed perfectly. Composition of armament of the drone is not finally determined yet but it is already known that the UAV will destroy stationary targets by bombs with laser and optical self-homing heads, as well as by bombs corrected according to GLONASS signal."

The aircraft-builder reported: "The unique aerodynamic scheme allows making the drone invisible for enemy radars even at the moment when it uses weapons or conducts reconnaissance and also fairly maneuverable and fast." According to him, to enable the newest drone with the chosen aerodynamic scheme to fly it was necessary to do a very difficult job on its complexing with participation of specialists from Roscosmos.

Complexing is a term means combining of functioning of all systems and subsystems mounted on board of an aircraft into a unified complex. According to the source, using modern technologies it is possible to force even a stool to fly and to perform maneuvers but there remains a problem of controlling of such item.

A representative of the aircraft-building industry explained: "All systems of an aircraft should act in a complex as one organism. If, for example, a plot starts performing a maneuver, all systems navigation, engine control and others taking into account design of the aircraft and its characteristics optimize their work so as to perform a planned maneuver without failures. In modern aircraft there are a few thousands of various systems and subsystems that control hundreds of flight parameters and the pilot cannot watch work of each of them independently. That is why they are equipped with information control systems (IUS) that force the airplane to work in a complex."

The most difficult part of the complex was writing of algorithms and mathematical formulas that determine the logic and parameters of work of all systems of an aircraft that are inserted into the IUS after embodiment into a special program.

Sergei Zhukov, head of AeroNet section of the National Technological Initiative, stated: "Unmanned technologies are currently developing very actively in Russia both in state industry and in private sector. If we speak about airframes, now we are approximately on the level of international standards and in the field of UAVs of small size we have non-critical (not less than three years) lagging behind in the aspect of super light composite constructions for drones of big dimensions. If we speak about the navigation and control systems, our developments are on par with foreign counterparts but drawbacks are in the fact that so far they are made on foreign element base. With regard to power plants, we lag behind a little but localization of production in piston and turbojet engines is currently going on. Thus, domestic industry is filling this niche at an accelerated speed. For processing of monitoring data we create our own problem-oriented products and already bring them to the international market. With regard to integration into the common airspace we possibly even outrun the international level by one or two years."

The UAV-133BR of the Proryv family is developed on the basis of the Yak-130, so the UAV has much in common with this aircraft. All three modifications are modern and powerful unmanned aerial vehicles that received the names: "Breakthrough-U" (shock), "Breakthrough-R "(reconnaissance)," Breakthrough-RLD "(radar surveillance).

typeLong RangeLong RangeLong Range
Purpose (base / modification)ShockScoutRadar Watch
practical ceiling 16000 m 20,000 m 14000 m
starting mass 10,000 kg 9800 kg 10,000 kg
mass of target equipment 1000 to 3000 kg 1000 to 1200 kg 1000 kg
speed 1100 km / h 750 km / h 750 km / h
duration of flight 20 hours 16 hours 6 hours
Yak-133BR  Proryv Breakthrough Yak-133BR  Proryv Breakthrough Yak-133BR  Proryv Breakthrough

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Page last modified: 24-09-2018 16:23:47 ZULU