OKB-256 P. Tsybin
|project designation||Quantity x|
|TS-25||2 x||Motor glider based on the 2-seat heavy glider, entered production|
|RS||2 x RD-013||RS = "jet plane". 1954 long-range supersonic (3000 km/h) bomber project with a nuclear bomb in the rear fuselage.|
|2RS||2 x RD-013||Scout Air launch from TU-95N, 1956|
|RSS (S-30)||2 x RD-013||Drone-missile. Carried by A-57, attack range of 5000 km. Project, 1957.|
|RGSR||2 x D-21 (A-30)||reconnaissance seaplane. Projects, 1957.|
|RSR||2 x D-21||RSR = "jet reconnaissance plane" (speed 2.65 m) In 1957 a prototype was built (factory No. 23) but did not fly. 5000 kg thrust Turbofan|
|3RS||2hD-21 + 4 TTU||Hanging option "RSR"|
|NM-1||2hAM-5||1959 - Experimental aircraft, "RSR" analog|
|RSR R-020||2 x R-11F||Reconnaissance plane, 1960. At factory number # 99 a total of 3 pre-production aircraft were built|
Pavel Vladimirovich Tsybin (23.12.1905-4.02.1992) was a Soviet aircraft designer, honored science and technology worker of Russian Federation, laureate of the Lenin Prize, and a retired colonel. For military and labor achievements, P.V.Tsybin was awarded the Order of Lenin, two Orders of the Red Banner, Order of the Red Star, two Orders of the Patriotic War, the Order of the Rred Banner of Labor and many medals.
Already in 1920 he made his first test flight of a glider of his own design. In 1926 Tsybin came to the first Soviet aviation school. In this period he built his first glider. Another glider - "standard" - he built together with A.Antonov. To the same period belonged S.P.Korolev. After finishing school he worked in the Department of Education Office of the Red Army Air Force, then in the service of the Perm School of naval aviation pilots and engineers. In 1939 he went to, should be translated to Moscow, enrolling at the Air Force Academy named after Prof. Zhukovskiy. Together with Dmitry Kolesnikov Tsybin is working on a glider landing KC-20, the payload of which reached 20 t, well established during the years of the great patriotic war. It was the largest ever in service with the Red Army in the years of landing gliders.
In 1944, Pavel Vladimirovich led the KB and plant in Beskudnikove near Moscow, where a they created a heavy landing glider S-25, carrying up to 25 people, or all-terrain vehicle with an anti-tank gun. More than 500 such gliders were in service with Airborne Forces until 1956.
In 1945-48, the Tsybin designs of "flying laboratory" TS-1 (P-1, P-2 and P-3) were created at the Gromov Flight Research Institute. They were intended for research of aerodynamics. In 1947-1948, flyers heroes of the Soviet Union from Amet Khan, s. n. Anohinym and N. Rybko made more than 100 test flights, during which the FL-3 in the dive with the engine running speed 1200 km/h (Mach 0.97).
In 1947, the first "conversion of the defence industry" in the history of the Soviet Union began, and KB Tsybin was closed, and the plant was transferred to civilian products. After that Tsybin worked on the OKB-1 tests of the first Soviet ballistic missiles R-1 and R-2, testing and commissioning of a cruise missile air-to-sea "KB" Kometa" and anti-aircraft missile systems S-25 for the air defense of Moscow. On 04 March 1954 Tsybin dispatched to the Government a proposal to establish a manned supersonic long-range bomber flying at a speed of 3000 km/hr, at a 30,000 meter ceiling and with a practical range of 14,000 km. Work on the jet plane began under the leadership of P.v. Tsybin in the Offices of new technology team composition TSAGI V. Shavrov, A.s. Kondratyev, O.v. Eliseeva, I.k. Kostenko, etc.
On 23 May 1955 the Decree on the Organization of the OKB-256 of the State Committee of Aviation Engineering (GKAT) under the Council of Ministers of the USSR established OKB No. 256 on the base of the plant in the town of Podberez'e. In the design section was included Pv Tsybin, the Chief Designer, and his deputies: A.g. Golyaev-General Affairs, B. A. Merkulov-on Science, I.a. Yakovlev - systems, as well as Vb Shavrov, head of the design department. For the formation of the main Design Bureau OKB other designers were instructed to select people, opened wide the reception staff, the OKB-256 was for the distribution of young professionals.
Work included the RS Strategic bomber-reconnaissance and projectile RCC (p-30) to be launched in the air from the Tu-95n or A-57 [of R.l. Bartini] aircraft-carriers. For takeoff and landing modes high-altitude supersonic strategic reconnaissance Jet RFA with a speed of Mach 3 was designed and the smaller version NM-1 successfully tested.
At the same time, in 1958, in agreement with the Chief Designer of S.P.Korolyov, Tsybin worked on a project for the return from orbit of manned spacecraft. But in October 1959, as part of what happened then, reducing the Soviet defence industry, the Office was closed and staff transferred to the first OKB of V.m. Myasischev. Here the Tsybin continued work on the M-44 and M-48, but in the autumn of 1960 OKB-23 became a branch of OKB-52 V.N.Chelomei, which closed work on M-48 and R-020 in April 1961.
At the end of 1960 Tsybin returned to OKB-1 as Deputy to S.P.Korolev, his longtime friend. He worked on the construction of the first Soviet satellite reconnaissance "Zenith", adopted in 1964. Then he worked on unmanned space shuttle modification of Vostok and space ships "Soyuz" and "Soyuz-t", the very project of the orbital station. Korolyov appointed Pavel Tsybin as the head of the main task force to manage the first flight of Molniy-1. His deputies were Nikolai Fadeyev, a colonel from the military unit 32103 and two high-ranking officers, Viktor Bogdanov from the Central Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense and Petr Gobets from the Ministry of Communications. In 1974, he became the Deputy Chief Designer, and then scientific advisor on "Buran". In the last years of life (1986) P. Tsybin led research work in the field of a single-stage air-space launcher in the form of a hypersonic rocket with a combined multi-mode propulsion system at NPO "Energia".
For military and labor merit PV Tsybin was awarded the Order of Lenin, two Orders of the Red Banner of War, the Order of the Red Star, two Orders of the Patriotic War, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and many medals.
The outstanding designer of aviation and rocket and space technology, Pavel Vladimirovich Tsybin , died suddenly on February 4, 1992 . That day he was in his office. He was buried in Moscow,at the Vvedensky Cemetery (No. 11), next to the graves of his parents.
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