Tushino Machine-Building Plant
The JSC "Tushino machine-building works" was established in 1932 to develop the newest specimen of aviation equipment and technology. The history of the enterprise is a part of the history of the aviation development in the country. In 1975-1982 the plant produced fighters. In 1983-1992 the JSC TMZ took part in the development of Russian space shuttle "Buran" and was a leading enterprise for serially produced spaceships.
At the present time JSC TMZ produces 1 MW wind turbine developed on the bases of dual technologies, buses, trolley-buses, tire recycling complexes, natural gas and low viscosity fluids flow measuring systems, rubber level crossings, fine rubber crumb, aluminum alloys, composite aluminum building panels, afloat garbage collectors, separators of fruits and vegetables one-time syringes. Besides we are in a position to fulfill the orders for making of all kinds of galvanic operations, including anodizing of bulky constructions. JS CTMZ executes all operations on metalworking and manufacture of details of different assignment, including manufacture of constructions and aggregates and are looking for partners to organize a joint venture at the JSC TMZ industrial base.
Tushino Machine-Building plant should not be confused with the Tushino engine building plant named after Vladimir V. Chernyshev (1938-1939).
The Tushino machine-building plant produces airplanes, wind turbines, tire recycling complexes, rubber level crossings, buses, troley-buses, one-time syringes and aluminum alloys. In the nearest past it produced the Russian space shuttle Buran.
The Tushino machine-building factory created in 1932 with the purpose of mastering of the newest samples of an aeronautical engineering is one of the conducting enterprises in the field of a machine industry of the Moscow region. In different time of its history the Tushino machine-building factory produced: Front fighters within World War II; Trolley buses, trams and agricultural engineering during several postwar years; The newest types of weapons of a universal purpose within several decades; The orbital space complex "Buran" in the nearest past; The wind turbine of one million watt and production of urban buses of new breed today.
In 1998 the enterprise completed preparations for serial manufacture of autonomous industrial complexes for worn out automobile tires recycling. Besides ttose articles JSC TMZ manufactures one-time syringes, rubber level crossings and aluminum alloys.
Molniya Scientific Production Association is a large aerospace design and engineering enterprise which designed and tested the heavy launcher "Energiya" and the space shuttle orbiter "Buran". Molniya was formed from the Tushino Machine-Building Plant and its design bureau.
Molniya NPO, an off-shoot of the Mikoyan design bureau, is associated with the Tushino Machine Building Plant. SS 2.02 was the fourth orbiter under construction, and was the second of the second series shuttles. At the time of cessation program SS 2.02 was under construction at the Tushino Machine Building Plant in Moscow. SS 2.03 was the last shuttle to be built in Russia and the first to be dismantled. She was the latest model of the second series shuttles, and the fifth shuttle built at the Tushino Machine Building Plant in Moscow.
The Tushino machine-building plant began assembling Ikarus model 280 and Ikarus model 435 buses in 1996 and 20 entered service soon afterward. By 1997 Toyota was considering assembling its cars at the Tushino Machine Building Plant in Moscow. The Japanese company is considering building 3-4,000 microbuses a year. These vehicles were in high demand among small and medium-sized Japanese businesses. In 1998 BNR Dresdner Bank gave the city of Moscow a $35 million credit to import 250 IKARUS bus kits for assembly at the Tushino Machine Building Plant.
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