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Military


Telnyashki
Striped nature - Polosataya Natura

So the landing
force is fighting,
Dropping from the clouds.
Striped nature,
By order from heaven to battle.
So the landing party is at war,
Anybody will envy.
There are sky-high trails,
There are treasured words -
Carabiner, vest, slings
And in beret head.
We returned to the civilian
And let the years fly,
But the landing training
We'll keep forever.
The thing that the Western world calls a Breton shirt, the Russians call a "vest" [telnyashka]. Today almost every kind of army in Russia has its own vest with strips of unique color. T-shirts with black stripes are worn by Marines and submariners, with light green - by border guards, with sparse - by Spenczazy members of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, with cornflowers by the soldiers of the Presidential Regiment and special forces of the FSB.

Sailors follow traditions clearly, for drowned men find it difficult to learn from their own mistakes. Do not take a woman on a ship, do not whistle, do not kill gulls, bathe after crossing the equator; an earring in the ear so as not to drown, a tattoo so as not to become a ghost after death - everything has its specific meaning, where functionality is side by side with mysticism, protective magic. The alternating horizontal strips attributed to the Breton fishermen played the role of an amulet. By the end of the 17th century, the vest became the world fashion trend for all European sailors.

The numerical symbolism in the "Breton shirt" still exists. For example, in the middle of the 17th century, ship crews engaged by the Dutch East India Company, preferred "Breton sweaters" with twelve horizontal strips - according to the number of ribs in a man. Thus, as some connoisseurs of the sea tradition explain, the sailors deceived the dashing fate, showing that they had already died and became ghost skeletons.

In the standard adopted in the French fleet in 1852, the vest was 21 strips - according to the number of Napoleon's great victories. However, this is the version for "land rats", since 21 is the number of success, good luck in the cult card game of the seamen Vingt-et-un (it is also Blackjack).

In Russia, the vest appeared in the Navy. Russian sailors, leaving on a long march, were given in exchange for their thick knit shirt, which was put under the flannel, for their own crocheted clothes. Similar shirts Russian sailors saw in foreign campaigns from their Western colleagues and appreciated the quality and comfort of the vests. In the European fleets, bands on the working clothes of the sailors helped to track the crew's actions when setting sails in the light and dark hours of the day, and also helped to distinguish on the surface of the sea fallen overboard. The blue and white colors of the bands, symbolizing sea foam and waves, was chosen as an attribute of sailors.

The sailors were knitting themselves, crocheted, in their spare time or bought in the ports of the Mediterranean Sea. Officers and doctors of the Russian navy expressed their opinion on the expediency of using knitted striped shirts for the lower ranks. August 19, 1874 "Order of His Imperial Highness General-Admiral No. 115" vest with blue and white cross strips, corresponding to the colors of the St. Andrew's flag, was introduced into the standards of clothing allowance to all the lower ranks of the fleet.

An integral part of Russian sailors' everyday clothes was the striped underwear, which became the same symbol of the Russian fleet as the St. Andrew's flag and cap. The first vests were different from modern ones. The width of the strips was different. White - 44.45 mm, blue - 11.11 mm. Only in 1912 the bands became the same - 11.11 mm each. At that time these were a purely naval "chip" and were not used at all in the army. True, if today "canon" naval white-blue vests are considered, then at the end of the XIX century colors could differ depending on the belonging to this or that formation. So, the sailors of the Amudarya flotilla in the Aral Sea sported sweaters in red and white stripes.

Today vests of different colors are worn by submariners and paratroopers, frontier guards and special forces, police and rescuers. Do not lag behind and civil: the vest today is an obligatory attribute of the walker and the fisherman. And the tailors are sewing military striped striped turtlenecks, which they are willingly carrying around city dandies.

The popularity of the vest is due to its constancy. There have been changes in uniforms, insignia, awards. The simple striped vest went through the years completely unchanged. As an eternal symbol of the permanence and steadfastness of the fighting spirit of the Russian soldier. It soon became prestigious - in the beginning vests were issued exclusively to participants of distant sea campaigns. They were very proud, they were protected. The white-blue vest very soon became a symbol of the valor and brotherhood of sailors, it was called the "sea soul".

The beginning was laid by the sailors of the cruiser Varyag and the gunboat Korean, defenders of Port Arthur, marines of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. In 1941, in the Great Patriotic War, the regiment of the Marine Corps of the Baltic Fleet was commanded by Vasily Filippovich Margelov, the founder of the Airborne Forces. And it was the marines who went on the attack in their unbuttoned overcoats, under which the blue and white stripes could be seen, spurred him to dress in the vests of their favorite paratroopers. Subordinates of the future Commander of the Airborne Forces won the commander's love and respect for their courage and bravery in the battles with the German fascist invaders. An integral part of even the field uniform of the sailor's garment was the vest, as an inseparable link to the sea element. Since that time Vasily Filippovich has passed various command posts, but under the military uniform he always wore a vest and dreamed that such a symbol of courage would appear in his beloved army.

In the mid-1960s, the Commander of the Airborne Forces, Vasily Filippovich Margelov, persuaded the superior leadership to include the vest in the list of items of clothing allowance for the airborne troops. The Airborne Front Officers prepared material on the need for paratroopers made of wool and cotton cloth vests, as it is ideal for wearing in the summer and winter and excludes injury to personnel during the parachute jumping.

In 1969, the wearing of vests was officially fixed in the Airborne Forces. Only strips for the airborne troops began to make blue. July 6, 1969 Order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR No. 191 approved a new uniform for servicemen of the Airborne Forces, including the wearing of a vest with blue and white stripes. The first time for the vests was received only by units that participated in the parades, but with the supply of supplies each paratrooper received his "Tailor".

Telnyashki

Since the 1990s, vests with different color strips began to appear in other Russian arms. Telnyashki ceased to be exclusively military clothing. Previously, this clothing was different style and color of the bands, depending on the kind of troops for which it is intended. Telnyashki ceased to be exclusively military clothing. Previously, this clothing was different style and color of the bands, depending on the kind of troops for which it is intended. Today they are distinguished by GOSTA, as military vests and men's underwear. There are now two standards, each of which must be explained in more detail.

GOST 25904-83. These are wares for servicemen, namely for sailors. This standard strictly regulates both the style and material of vest manufacture. This GOST does not provide for the t-shirt style products. That is, the vest can be in the form of a shirt with a broad shoulder or a long sleeve. There is also a strictly regulated and dimensional ruler, which starts with teenage sizes. According to the material, there is no strict instruction about its composition. It is recommended that the product be made of cotton fabrics, but a small percentage of synthetics is entirely acceptable.

GOST 53145-2008. These are products that belong to the men's underwear group. Here the manufacturer can produce products of any style. That is, if the vest has the form of a T-shirt, and the manufacturer indicated that it is manufactured in accordance with GOST, then it corresponds to this standard and is not intended for military, but for civilians. The dimensional ruler in this case begins with children's sizes and ends with products for very large men. Such vests are offered in Ivanovo by most manufacturers. They do not mislead customers, if they indicate that it is sewn to the standard, they simply do not specify.

Telnyashki




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