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Igor Sergeyev

Igor Dmitrievich Sergeyev (SairGUYyef) was born April 20th, 1938 in Upper, now Luhansk region of Ukraine. He graduated from high school in the city of Makiyivka, Donetsk region, Ukraine. In the Armed Forces since 1955, he entered the Higher Naval Hydrographic School in Pushkino, Leningrad region. Later he continued his studies in Sevastopol, in the Black Sea Higher Naval School named after PS Nakhimov. In 1960, upon its completion, he was sent to the Strategic Rocket Forces Armed Forces of the USSR. In 1973, he graduated from the Military Academy named after FE Dzerzhinsky, and in 1980 - the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR.

Sergeev passed all stages of career in the Strategic Missile Forces. In 1973-1978 he served as Commander of a missile regiment. He was chief of Staff missile division, Komandirom missile division, in the years 1980-1983. He was Chief of Staff Pervym deputy commander of the 43rd Missile Army. In 1985-1989 he held the position of chief operational management, Deputy Chief of Staff, chief of Strategic Missile Forces, From 1989 to 1992 he was Deputy Commander of the Strategic Missile Forces for combat training.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Igor Dmitrievich continued service in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. From 1992 to 1997, Sergeev purposefully honed combat and operational training of troops and staffs, provides their high combat readiness and high-quality technical equipment. By actively participating in the creation, testing and implementation of new systems in the troops of missiles, he made ??a significant contribution to the preparatory process of fighting calculations mobile missile complexes "Topol".

In 1995 General of the Army Igor Sergeyev, Commander in Chief, Russian Strategic Rocket Forces, stated that only fourteen of forty-two apartment blocks needed in 1994 to house his troops and their families had been constructed, leaving 11,000 of his troops unhoused; one year later, 4,000 of his troops still were without housing. In 1996 the overall housing situation worsened.

By Presidential Decree of 22 May 1997, General of the Army Sergeyev was appointed as Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation. He was a member of the Presidium of the Russian Government, and permanent member of the Security Council. On November 21, 1997 General of the Army ID Sergeyev was awarded the highest military rank of "Marshal of the Russian Federation." He became the first holder of this title in the history of modern Russia.

Russia's defense establishment remained unsettled in mid-1997 after Yeltsin, long dissatisfied with the pace of military reform, fired Chief of Staff Viktor Samsonov and Minister of Defense Igor' Rodionov. Sergeyev replaced Rodionov as minister of defense following Rodianov's open conflict with other defense authorities.

After firing Defense Minister Igor Rodionov and appointing Sergeyev to replace him, President Yeltsin was able to jump-start military reform. Russia had 14 ministries and agencies with military forces, but the Ministry of Defense was the focus of reform. The reforms sought to reduce the armed forces in order to cut state expenditures. Yeltsin was determined to keep military spending to less than 3.5 percent of the gross domestic product.

Yeltsin created two new military reform commissions. The first, headed by Prime Minister Chernomyrdin, was to deal with military construction; the second, headed by First Deputy Prime Minister Chubays, was to deal with military finances. Experts saw these moves as a victory for civilian officials who advocated reassigning the military's "hiddlen reserves" rather than allocating additional funds for military reform. In july Yeltsin outlined a comprehensive plan for reducing the military and consolidating the five branches into two, again emphasizing reallocation of existing resources.

Originally, President Yeltsin called for reducing forces in two phases and providing them with 21st century equipment by 2010. Late in 1998, the Minister of Defense stated that it would be 2025 before the force could be fully upgraded. In reality, it could be longer. Even so, Russia would remain a dominant Eurasian military power.

Since taking office in May 1997, the new Minister of Defense, Marshal Igor Sergeyev, adopted an optimistic, team-player approach to the problems facing the Russian military. In contrast to his predecessor (General/Mr. Rodionov), the new MOD went out of his way to accentuate the positive and to work with the Yeltsin government toward concrete reform plans.

Marshal Sergeyev's efforts, however, were predicated upon a corresponding increase in defense spending. Reforming and downsizing the Russian military would not be a cost-free proposition. The estimated housing costs alone for demobilized officers in 1998 was billions of rubles short of the allocated amount. Marshal Sergeyevs plans to reform and create a modern, combat-ready military would fail if the government failed to honor its debts to the military (which in turn could spark a larger social unrest).

Sergeev obtained Yeltsin's support for a series of moves relating to strategic deterrence, culminating in the concept, "Main Policy Guidelines of the Russian Federation in the Area of Nuclear Deterrence."11 Yeltsin supported Sergeev's plan to merge the space defense troops, ballistic missile defense troops and missile early warning system with the SRF. In November 1998 Yeltsin established the Strategic Deterrence Force, which included the SRF; naval strategic nuclear forces; long-range aviation; and the 12th Directorate of the Ministry of Defense, which is charged with the design, production and control of all nuclear weapons. Sergeev declared these actions necessary to deter large-scale aggression.12 In July 1998 the Security Council approved the structure of Russia's nuclear deterrence forces until 2010. In December 1998 Russia adopted major new provisions to its nuclear deterrence policy.

The much-touted military exercise, ZAPAD 99, which the Russian Ministry of Defense and General Staff initiated on 22 June 1999, explicitly linked the threat of regional conflict in this region with nuclear escalation in response to the threat of mass, precision strikes against military targets in the theater. For the first time in a decade, Russian super-sonic, cruise-missile-armed Tu-160 "Blackjack" bombers streaked down the coast of Norway while Tu-95 "Bears" probed Iceland's airspace.

As Minister of Defense Igor Sergeyev noted, "The exercise tested one of the provisions of Russia's military doctrine concerning a possible use of nuclear weapons when all other measures are exhausted." Russia's military crisis has raised security challenges in the northwest direction, causing a different subregional dynamic in Europe. Here the ethno-national tensions and ecological dangers challenge neighboring states as much as conventional military threats.

From 1996 until Russian forces once again invaded Chechnya in September 1999, Chechnya's government continued to push for independence from Moscow. Bombing raids against Chechen military targets were soon followed by a large-scale military offensive in September 1999. Improvements in force protection helped lead to Russia's success. Casualty aversion by the Russian military was a significant factor during this campaign.

The concern over casualties, which badly eroded public support during the first war, was one of the most striking changes in Russian military doctrine in decades, showing a new sensitivity to the military's need for civilian backing. Russian Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev placed the need for reduced casualties over the stringent timelines that the old Russian military were used to. He said, "The goal was not to meet any particular deadline, but to completely eliminate the rebels and minimize casualties among Russian solders".

On March 28, 2001, Igor D. resigned from the post M of Ministers of Defence. By Presidential Decree of 28 March 2001, he was released from the post M of Ministers of Defense of Russia, but on the same day, another Decree of the President, Sergeyev was appointed to the position of Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation on Strategic Stability. The duties of Igor Dmitrievich were preparing proposals for negotiations on missile defense, strategic offensive weapons, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, missiles and missile technologies.

Since 2002, he coordinated the activities of public organizations of veterans, was the deputy of the Chairperson II Russian Organizing Committee "Victory". By Presidential Decree of 30 March 2004, ID Sergeyev was released from the position of Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation.

Sergeyev was the author of scientific works, numerous publications on the problem strategic stability, international security, arms control. He was a doctor of technical sciences, and Akademik of the Russian Engineering Academy, Akademik of Russian Rocket and Artillery Sciences and the Academy of Military Sciences.

By Decree of the President of the Russian Federation ("closed") on October 27, 1999 Marshal of the Russian Federation Igor D. Sergeyev was awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation sign with the award of a special distinction - "Gold Star (# 502).

He was awarded the Order of October Revolution, Red Banner of Labor, Red Star, "For Service to Motherland in the Armed Forces' 3rd degree, "For Service to the Fatherland", 2 nd degree (28.03. 2001) "For Military Merit" Honor (20.04. 2003), medals, as well as orders and medals of foreign countries, including the Order of the Kyrgyz "Manas" of the 3rd degree (20.12. 1999) Yugoslav Order of "The Star", 1 st degree (23.12. 1999) and South Korean Order of "unity".

The outstanding Soviet and Russian military commander, Igor Sergeyev died November 10, 2006. He is buried in Moscow, at the cemetery Troekurov (uch. Number 6).

On April 20, 2007 in the city of Makiyivka, Donetsk region (Ukraine) on the building of secondary school number 22 was a memorial plaque memory of the Russian military figure ID Sergeyev and the school was named after the first Marshal of the Russian Federation and compatriot residents of Makeyevka.

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Page last modified: 16-01-2016 18:15:45 ZULU