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La-15

In August 1948, the aircraft "174D" with engine RD-500 under the designation La-15 had adopted, and in December held a routine test to finalize the car in the Air Force Institute. In January of the following year it started its production.

In the late 1940s, two Soviet aircraft design bureaus started a fierce competition to supply the main jet fighter for the Soviet Air Force. The La-15 and the MiG-15 were neck and neck, and in simulated air battles both celebrated victories. Despite the fact that the two aircraft went into serial production, the Soviet leadership soon decided that the manufacture of two identical jet fighters was an unnecessary burden for Soviet industry.

Issue 15 La did not last long. In 1949, the factory number 21 in Gorky built 189, and the factory number 292 in Saratov - 46 fighters. This mass production of La 15 ended. In May 1949, followed by the government's decision to terminate the serial production of La-15. This was due to the desire to guide the Air Force and the aviation industry to the unification of the machinery. The fact is that at that time the Air Force was a lot of different types of fighters - Reciprocating La-7 and Yak-9 to the latest jet MiG-15 and La 15. It was very cumbersome in terms of ensuring all their various consumables and spare parts. Therefore, it was decided to leave in the production of one type of tactical fighter - the MiG-15, which is expected in the near future to equip powerful new TRD VK-1 design VY Klimova (thrust 2700 kg), created on the basis of the English "Nina" - the same as the new front-line bomber Il-28.

The flying characteristics of the La-15 were recognized as slightly better than those of the MiG-15, but serial production of the latter was a smoother process. Stalin personally decided to bet on the MiG and brooked no argument. With over 15,000 aircraft built, the MiG-15 became the most mass-produced jet fighter in the world. After 235 aircraft were built, serial production of the La-15 ceased in 1954.

Production of La 15 has been minimized, and the total number of cars produced amounted to only 235 aircraft. The remaining aircraft were sent to nuclear testing grounds to be used as targets. These aircraft have proven to be reliable and easy to piloting. The mock battles with the MiG-15, held in LII (Flight Research Institute of the Ministry of Aviation Industry) in 1950, revealed that the La-15 was superior to the MiG-15 on a horizontal maneuver, but inferior to him in the vertical direction. For ease of management and flight qualities of La-15 was preferable. La-15 aircraft operated in parts of Moscow and Baku Air Defense District until 1954.

In the Korean War of 1950-1953 it was not used.




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Page last modified: 14-06-2019 18:10:03 ZULU