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The complexes of the "Krasukha" family were developed by the Novgorod Scientific and Production Association "Kvant", which is part of KRET. This is the oldest enterprise of the radio-electronic industry in Russia for more than 55 years has been producing mobile electronic warfare systems and consumer electronics products. Concern Radioelectronic Technologies (KRET) is the largest Russian holding in the radioelectronic industry. The concern includes more than 65 research institutes, design bureaus and serial factories located in 29 constituent entities of Russia. The number of employees is about 43 thousand people.

At present, the main forces and means that ensure the protection of the country's aerospace are the Aerospace Defense Forces (Air Defense Forces). The inclusion of the Krasukha complexes in their composition will significantly increase the effectiveness of the defense systems, including increasing the combat survivability when the enemy uses high-precision weapons.

“In the context of the build-up of foreign military groups and the conduct of exercises near the Russian borders, an important point is the improvement and build-up of the capabilities of air defense and electronic warfare systems, including in the Arctic,” said the head of KRET Nikolai Kolesov.

The development of the Krasukha complexes (Krasukha-2 in the analog version and Krasukha-4 in the digital version) began in the mid-1990s, and in 2012 they began to enter the EW troops. Despite successful state tests and confident service, including in the Syrian Arab Republic, it was decided to continue improving this system. Two areas are relevant: increasing the operating range (for the same "Krasukha-4", it is, according to open sources, about 300 km) and work on improving mobility and compactness (in the composition of "Krasukha-2" there are three special machines, for "Krasukha-4" 4 "- two).

Serial production of electronic warfare systems of the Krasukha family began in 2011. They are currently being supplied to the troops. The complexes have no analogues in the world and are key elements of a promising electronic warfare system against air attack weapons. A product of this type is capable of providing effective electronic suppression of almost any modern systems and means of radar reconnaissance, control of forces and weapons.

The "Krasuha"complex operates on the principle of creating powerful interference at all main, spare and reserve frequencies and modes of operation of radars and other specialized radio-emitting systems and facilities. "Krasuha" is guaranteed to suppress radar stations installed on planes and helicopters of a potential enemy. At the same time, neither the speed nor the height of the enemy aircraft affects the combat qualities of the Krasukha. The complex in automatic mode allows detecting a target in the air, capture-tracking and, if necessary, jamming.

"Krasukha-2" is older than "Repellent-1" and "Epics". It has been in service with the Russian Armed Forces since 2014. The system can jam a variety of targets, including drones , missiles and aircraft radars , hundreds of kilometers away.

The "Krasukha-2" complex allows covering command posts, groupings of troops, air defense systems, important industrial and administrative-political facilities. "Krasukha-2" analyzes the type of signal and provides impact on the enemy's radar with powerful intelligent jamming radiation. As a result, aircraft are deprived of the ability to detect targets and direct high-precision weapons to them. This forces the enemy aircraft to leave the airspace controlled by the electronic warfare system and abandon their combat missions. The mobile complex "Krasukha-2" can significantly increase the survivability of groupings of troops, cover the most important industrial facilities of the country from precision weapons and targeted missile and bomb attacks.

Developed to combat long-range radar detection aircraft, "Krasukha-2" interferes with hypersonic aircraft with radar guidance. The station equipment operates in automatic mode, including in motion, which is important when repelling lightning attacks. It will be a cheap and effective way to combat hypersonic aircraft and ammunition. It will not require the deployment of a large number of radars and missile defense systems, as well as the production of thousands of long-range interceptor missiles. Covering the most important objects with electronic warfare systems is much easier than providing missile defense for the entire country.

On 28 July 2018, in non-government-controlled areas of mini-UAVs, the SMM discovered 4 different electronic warfare systems (Leer-3 RB-341V, 1L269 Krasukha-2, RB-109A Bylina and 1 electronic warfare system against UAVs Repellent-1 ") near the village of Chernukhino (64 km south-west of Lugansk). The SMM recorded the presence of all four complexes for the first time. On August 2, during a flight over the same section, the UAV did not record these systems. The Ukrainian military noted that all these electronic warfare systems ("Leer-3", "Krasukha-2", "Bylina" and "Repellent-1") are Russian, and the development of some was completed only this year. The post assessed that the purpose of the presence of these electronic warfare systems is to jam drones over territory controlled by Russia / separatists.

The Krasukha-2O complex developed at the All-Russian Research Institute (Rostov-on-Don) and manufactured at the Bryansk Electromechanical Plant, began to enter the EW troops in 2018. It works already at a distance of up to 400 km, which is very important in relation to this technique. Indeed, one of the tasks of the complex is to cover command posts, air defense positions, areas of concentration of troops and individual important objects from enemy radar stations. "Krasukha-2O" detects and classifies the type of signal, captures and accompanies the radiation source, suppresses it if necessary. As a result, the radar station of the opposing side "goes blind" and cannot direct the means of destruction.

"Krasukha-2O" is both compact and mobile. Now it is one 40-ton vehicle based on BAZ-6910-022. Comprehensive digitalization has made it possible to remove bulky equipment, replacing it with miniature circuits. Naturally, not only ergonomics are important here, but also the increased efficiency. In addition, information and control on the screens are duplicated, which increases the stability of the work. The 8x8 wheel arrangement provides impressive cross-country ability: the complex overcomes a 1.5 m deep ditch and a 1.4 m ford. Plus high speed: a turbocharged diesel engine YaMZ-8492.10-033 with a capacity of 500 hp. allows you to accelerate on the highway to 80 km / h. At the same time, the cruising range is 1000 km. Deployment time - no more than 15 minutes. Basically, operations are mechanized: this is both speed and a minimum of physical effort. The creators also thought about the safety of a crew of three people: commander, operator and driver. The cabin is armored, protection against microwave radiation is provided.

The more advanced Krasukha-4 system was deployed in Syria to protect Russian and Assad facilities. There were no confirmed cases of observation of "Krasukha-4" in Ukraine s of 2018. The Krasukha-4 complex, manufactured at KRET enterprises, suppresses the actions of radars installed on planes and helicopters of a potential enemy, the avionics system and communications equipment. "Krasuha" is capable of completely covering areas of land several hundred kilometers from radar detection.

Complexes "Krasukha-4" completely protect from radar detection areas of land several hundred square kilometers, possessing the ability to suppress radio-electronic interference onboard radars of attack and carrier-based aircraft. The operation of the complexes is based on the creation of powerful interference at the main frequencies of radars and other radio-emitting sources.

In October 2015, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation installed Krasukha-4 equipment at the Hemimin air base. This system is capable of disabling satellite navigation, communications networks, early warning aircraft and ground-based radars up to a distance of 300 kilometers. Russia reportedly installed another Krasukha-4 complex in Syria in September 2018, a system likely stationed at the Syrian Air Force’s T4 (Tias) air base in central Syria, along with another SZ-300 air defense missile class.

The newest electronic warfare systems "Krasukha-S4" produced by KRET were involved in complex training with subdivisions of the electronic warfare brigade in the Eastern Military District (VVO). Colonel Alexander Gordeyev, the head of the district press service, said that the military marched on standard equipment to the areas where mobile stations and complexes were deployed. During the exercise, a number of tasks will be performed to suppress radio communication channels, data transmission systems and guidance systems of the strike aviation group.

The Krasukha-S4 electronic warfare station, involved in the training, is designed to counter the airborne radars of strike, reconnaissance and unmanned aircraft of the imaginary enemy. The capabilities of the complex make it possible to effectively deal with all modern aviation radar stations. At the same time, neither the speed nor the height of the enemy aircraft affects its combat qualities. "Krasuha" is guaranteed to suppress radar stations installed on planes and helicopters of a potential enemy, radar reconnaissance, terrain mapping, aiming and the use of both conventional and high-precision missiles. In addition, it is mobile and can operate at temperatures ranging from minus to plus 50 degrees Celsius.

On 24 August 2017 KRET handed over to the Russian Defense Ministry the Krasukha-2O and Moscow-1 electronic warfare systems. The handover agreement signing ceremony took place within the framework of the Army-2017 international military-technical forum. "Krasukha-2O" covers command posts, groupings of troops, air defense systems and important industrial facilities. The equipment analyzes the type of signal and provides exposure to enemy radar stations with powerful jamming radiation. The delivery of the complex is carried out as part of the execution of the state defense order.

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Page last modified: 25-10-2021 17:30:55 ZULU