Kolomensky Zavod OJSC
For nearly 115 years, Kolomensky Zavod OJSC has been a developer, manufacturer and supplier of medium-speed diesel engines for various purposes. Kolomensky Zavod implements a number of projects using alternative fuels, develops the production of a fundamentally new type of product - gas engines, designed to generate electric and thermal energy in power plants of basic, backup and emergency purposes.
The design base of Kolomensky Zavod OJSC is based on its own developments. The enterprise carries out full technical preparation of production, including pre-design research, design, manufacturing, testing, experimental development of prototypes, technological and organizational-material preparation of production. Technological processes include various types of tests as individual parts and assemblies, and products in general. At the Kolomensky Zavod, there is a comprehensive application of modern high-performance equipment with a change in the technological processes of processing the basic components of a diesel engine. The reorganization of production and reconstruction of workshops. Divisions of the enterprise are equipped with fundamentally new equipment and tools. The plant operates a unified information network, the implementation of the PLM system (product life cycle management) is carried out.
The main products of the plant in recent years have become 4-stroke medium-speed engines with gas turbine pressurization and cooling of charge air type D49 of dimension CHN26 / 26. ChN26 / 26 engines are available in a V-shape (8, 12 and 16 cylinders). Depending on the rotational speed of the crankshaft (750 ... 1100 rpm), the number of cylinders and the boost according to the average effective pressure, the engines cover a power range from 588 to 4412 kW.
The diesel engine 20CHN26.5 / 31 with gas turbine pressurization and cooling of the charge air is designed to operate as a main power plant for operation through a gear transmission to a screw, and also as a generator drive for ships with electric propulsion. The diesel engine 16CHN26.5 / 31 with gas turbine pressurization and cooling of the charge air is designed to operate as the main power plant for operation through a gear transmission to a screw, and also as a generator drive for ships with electric propulsion.
During manufacturing, more than 18,000 diesel engines of this dimension were produced, which have positively established themselves as energy sources for diesel locomotives, ships, stationary and mobile power plants, both basic and reserve. In terms of environmental performance, engines manufactured by Kolomensky Zavod OJSC meet the requirements of Russian standards and EU directives. The company has implemented and operates a certified quality management system that meets the requirements of ISO 9001. All engines are certified by Rosstandart and, if necessary, Rostekhnadzor.
The main advantage of the engines produced by the Kolomensky Zavod is their reliability and high maintainability, which is due to the modular design principle of diesel engines, an outboard crankshaft and a cylinder-piston kit, which allows for ongoing and overhauls at the installation site of diesel generator sets. An important advantage is fuel economy and lower price in comparison with foreign counterparts of both diesel generator sets and spare parts, domestic oils and provided services.
Kolomensky Zavod became one of the brightest symbols of the rapid development of railway transport in the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century. In the summer of 1863, the Moscow-Saratov railway line reached Kolomna. The enterprising and talented military engineer Amand Egorovich Struve got a contract for the construction of a bridge across the Oka River and built for this temporary workshops on the left bank of the Oka River, at its confluence with the Moscow River. He leased more than 10 acres of land from the peasants of the village of Bobrov and received the right to "produce various buildings, both factory and factory." This laid the foundation of one of the largest in Russia Kolomensky plant.
With each highway that came into operation in the country, the need for railway equipment increased. And already in 1865, the production of the first freight platforms, and then various types of railcars, was organized in Kolomna, and preparations began for the construction of steam locomotives. Due to the constant need to be on the bridge construction site, Amand Struve invited military engineer Gustav Yegorovich (1834-1882) to join his companions in the companions of the Kolomensky Zavod, after which in 1866 the company was named the Struve Brothers Engineers Plant. Locomotive construction at the Kolomensky Zavod dates back to 1869, when the first freight steam locomotive emerged from the gates of the enterprise - it was one of the first steam locomotives built in Russia. In the pre-revolutionary period, Kolomensky Zavod was one of the leading manufacturers of locomotives in Russia. During this time, 139 types of steam locomotives were designed. In 1878, the first river steamboat “Kulebaki” was made, followed by ships of various purposes.
Kolomensky Zavod was one of the first in the world to master the production of a new class of heat engines - diesel engines. In 1903, the first single-cylinder vertical diesel engine with a capacity of 18 hp was manufactured here, and after a while the plant became the largest diesel producer in the country. In 1904-1905 Diesels with the trademark of Kolomensky Zavod have found application both in factories, and in pipeline transport and at power plants.
Kolomna engineers found a way to use diesel as a power plant for river and sea vessels. In 1907, according to the project of the Russian engineer and inventor Raymond Aleksandrovich Koreyvo, the world's first river towing ship Kolomensky Diesel was built, and from that time the era of shipbuilding in Russia and Europe began. The first deliveries of diesel engines for the Navy began. The company's products were awarded the highest awards at six international exhibitions, thus gaining international recognition. Kolomensky Zavod became the leading Russian shipbuilding company. In the 1920s, the Kolomna Plant became one of the largest enterprises in the country, which played a significant role in the development of railway transport and many branches of domestic industry. The production of a variety of agricultural machinery, tractors, tram motor cars, snowplows, trolleys and other products was mastered.
Since the beginning of the 30s, without stopping the production of steam locomotives and diesel engines, the plant began to master the manufacture of qualitatively new machines for Russia - diesel locomotives and electric locomotives. The first diesel engine with a capacity of 600 hp was built in 1930. This locomotive was equipped with an electric transmission and was intended for shunting work at large stations. And in 1933, the Kolomensky Zavod was the first in the country to launch mass production of trunk diesel locomotives.
With the approach of enemy troops to Moscow, the bulk of the plant was evacuated to Kirov, where production of military equipment was launched in a short time: tanks, Katyusha mortars, and self-propelled guns. During the war, the remaining workers in Kolomna made repairs of military equipment. The production of various types of ammunition and equipment was also launched, the construction of mobile platforms for anti-aircraft guns was mastered, and two armored trains were built.
In the post-war years, the plant, in addition to steam locomotives, manufactured diesel engines, tubing, and also fulfilled orders of ferrous metallurgy enterprises. As before, the Kolomzavod development program for the Navy assigned the role of creator and supplier of internal combustion engines for many types of ships. In 1956, the finishing of the original two-stroke diesel engine interrupted by the Great Patriotic War was completed in terms of weight and size and the degree of forcing far ahead of the level of the best world models of the same class. This diesel engine is the ancestor of a whole family of marine and diesel engines (40D, 6D40, 14D40, 11D45, etc.). In total, over 12 thousand diesel engines and diesel generators of this family were built.
In the period from 1960 to 1968, a new family of marine diesels (type D42 and D43) was created. Advanced diesel engines of this type continue to be produced by the factory until now. Kolomensky Zavod implements a number of projects using alternative fuels, develops the production of a fundamentally new type of product - gas engines, designed to generate electric and thermal energy in power plants of basic, backup and emergency purposes.
OJSC Kolomensky Zavod continues work on the technical re-equipment of the enterprise, designed for 2018-2022.
The Kolomna plant should become the center of competence of Transmashholding in the field of diesel engineering - this is what the transformation is aimed at. Their goal is the development of a range of power series of diesel products, improving the quality, competitiveness of manufactured equipment and production efficiency.
OJSC Kolomensky Zavod took part in the 15th anniversary International Exhibition on Civil Shipbuilding, Shipping, Ports, Ocean and Offshore Development "NEVA-2019" in St. Petersburg. She went to the Expoforum from September 17 to 20. This exhibition has long gained a reputation as the largest industry event in the field of civil shipbuilding, not only throughout the post-Soviet space, but also in Eastern Europe as a whole. This year, a record number of exhibitors take part in it - 643 companies, of which 243 are foreign.
The opening of this largest congress and exhibition event was attended by Deputy Minister of Transport of the Russian Federation - Head of the Federal Agency for Sea and River Transport Yu.A. Flowers Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation On.N. Ryazantsev President of JSC United Shipbuilding Corporation A.L. Rakhmanov, Governor of St. Petersburg A. D. Beglov and other dignitaries.
The Kolomensky Zavod at its booth presented mock-ups of both mass-produced products - a D49 diesel engine, and a new generation D500 diesel engine. Its design takes into account the prospective requirements of customers. The project is carried out as part of the implementation of the Federal Targeted Program “National Technological Base” under the subprogram “Creation and Organization of Production in the Russian Federation in 2011-2015 of New Generation Diesel Engines and Their Components”.
Generational continuity is one of the most important features of Kolomensky Zavod OJSC. Currently, the company is actively working on the study of labor dynasties. Detailed information has been collected on representatives of more than 60 labor dynasties in the fourth, fifth and even sixth generations. Every year, at festive events dedicated to the Day of the Machine Builder, awarding of representatives of the labor dynasties of the enterprise takes place. Representatives of the dynasty are given a dynasty passport.
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