Central Research Institute of Shipbuilding Technology
Institute 138 7 ulitsa Promyshlennaya, St. Petersburg 198095, Russia Phone: (812)186-04-01,186-04-25,186-04-29 Telex: 121-450 RITM Fax: (812)186-04-59
The State Research Center of the Russian Federation -- Central Research Institute of Shipbuilding Technology (CRIST - Russian acronym TsNII SM, the TsKB follow-on) is one of the most prominent scientific institutions of St.Petersburg, the leading technological center of shipbuilding industry in Russia. Total employment was 2,000 as of December 1995. It develops advanced materials and production technology, including production equipment, for ships and submarines. The Institute was formerly part of the RITM Scientific Production Association, a Research and Production Association comprising Proletarsky Zavod and the Central Research Institute for Ship Machine-building established in 1970. It is interested in developing new projects in software, specialized lighting, automation, vibration reduction and noise abatement areas.
During over 60 years of its history the CRIST went through several successive stages of development connected with solution of scientific and engineering problems of shipbuilding. The Institute has made an important contribution into fulfilment of the state naval shipbuilding programs, in the establishment of the industrial base for construction of warships and vessels of all types and classes, including nuclear-powered ships. The designs and developments of the Institute have allowed to build up the research and engineering potential for integrated mechanization and automation of technological processes in shipbuilding, for equipment of shipbuilding production facilities on the basis of most advanced and resource-saving technologies. During the above period it has been developed, manufactured and introduced at shipyards more than 20,000 models of various equipment, instruments and tools; some new models were exported to other countries. Alongside with changes in main directions of the technological process in shipbuilding the forms and methods of research were elaborated, the experimental facilities of the Institute, its structure and production capabilities were improved.
Shipbuilding is one of the most important sectors in St Petersburg industry. Therefore, when in the 1930s during the period of intense Soviet shipbuilding development, the necessity arose for a coordination center to assist enterprises in the organization of the production process and improvement of the production technology, the city on the Neva River turned out the most suitable place. In this connection, the State Commissariat of Shipbuilding Industry of the USSR ordered in 1939 the establishment in Leningrad of the Union Trust "OrgSudProm" which was the origin for the Central Research Institute of Shipbuilding Technology.
During World War II, teams of specialists with the newly-established Trust "OrgSudProm" assisted plants and factories in the production of new types of weapons and ammunition. At that time, the technology of conveyor production was introduced with forced rhythm of pontoons, torpedo boats, small minesweepers and armoured cutters, which enabled the production to be increased several times. After the war the Trust "OrgSudProm" was committed to the reconstruction and development of shipbuilding industry, where welding completely replaced riveted joints of the hull structures. New methods of the hull formation using large units were introduced. This was a stage of the development of theory, experiment and practice all over shipbuilding industry.
By order of the Ministry of Shipbuilding Industry of the USSR in 1948, the Union Trust "OrgSudProm" was transformed to the Central Research Institute of Advanced Shipbuilding Technology under number 138. There were laboratories for research into welding, hull operations, manufacturing of pipelines, assembly of shaftlines, machinery and weapons of vessels, as well a design office responsible for the design of machinery and equipment. Post graduate studies, full-time and by correspondence, were available for regular staff training.
In the 1950s, the specialists of the Institute developed and introduced quite new processes and machinery for the most labor consuming operations. The first controlled gas-cutting machine was developed. Non-metallic shipbuilding using polymer composite materials was introduced. At the same time, affiliates of the Institute were established in the city of Nikolaev and Khabarovsk for practical assistance to the enterprises located in these distant areas.
In 1963, the Institute was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labour. Affiliates were established in the cities of Gorky and Sevastopol. In 1966, Institute-138 was renamed to the Central Research Institute of Shipbuilding Technology.
The Institute incorporates the "Pella" Works and the "Petrozavod" and "Svir" shipyards. Based on the Institute, its affiliates and experimental plants, a new research association "Ritm" was established in 1969 in order to carry out the full cycle operations: scientific research - design - manufacturing of industrial samples - commercial production - service and maintenance. The team of research workers, process specialists and designers has created great scientific potential for the evelopment of comprehensive machinery and automation of the shipbuilding process, energy saving and environmental control. The "Ritm" Production Research Association has developed, manufactured and introduced more than 20,000 items of various equipment, instruments and plants.
- State Research Centre Of The Russian Federation Central Research Institute of Shipbuilding Technology
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