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An-140 Transport Aircraft

Aviakor is trying to win an order for a light military transport aircraft, which is to replace the Air Force obsolete An-24 and An-26, which the military has about 300. There were two options for replacing the old An-24 and An-26 - the An-140T and IL-112V. But the IL-112V was only on paper, but it is made by the Russian company "Ilyushin". And An-140, though without a ramp, is already flying. With the repurchase of rights to the An-140T Aviakor will eliminate the main shortcoming of this car - foreign origin,

The An-140-100 was developed by Russia's Antonov design bureau as a replacement for the An-24 and An-26 series aircraft. It can carry up to six metric tons of cargo to a range of over 2,000 kilometers, and can be used for patrol, military transport and special-ops missions. The short-range turboprop can be used to transport personnel to distances of up to 2,300 kilometers.

The Russian Defense Ministry ordered a total of 11 An-140s in 2011. The Russian Air Force took delivery of the first An-140-100 plane in January 2012. Samara-based AVIACOR aircraft maker built six Antonov An-140-100 light transport planes under a contract with the Russian Defense Ministry by the end of 2012. The delivery of the remaining five aircraft was expected in the next two years.

In March 2013 Samara aviation plant Aviakor signed an agreement with the Ukrainian state concern Antonov to transfer intellectual property to the An-140S and An-140T aircraft. These are transport models of the An-140-100 passenger plane, which Aviakor produces for the Defense Ministry. As Izvestiya reported to a source in the defense industry complex involved in signing the documents, such a contract would allow the Russian Air Force to purchase the An-140 not from Ukrainians, but from the Russian company.

By mid-2013 the Russian Defense Ministry was considering two possible designs for a replacement for the obsolete Antonov An-26 military transport aircraf. The ministry was considering development of a light military transport plane based on the Antonov An-140 turboprop airliner made by Aviakor in Samara, or the rival Ilyushin Il-112V transport aircraft to be made by the Voronezh aircraft plant (VASO). The development of the Ilyushin Il-112V was canceled in 2011 under former Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov, but his successor Sergei Shoigu reportedly approved the revival of the Il-112 program. In December 2013, it was decided that both would enter production.

Russias Aviakor aircraft plant on 13 December 2013 announced plans to begin assembly of An-140 light cargo planes for the Russian military in 2017. We are working design changes at present. The first plane for the customer - the Russian Defense Ministry should be delivered in 2017, said Alexei Gusev, general director of Aviakor. Samara-based Aviakor signed in March 2013 an agreement with Ukraines Antonov design bureau on the transfer of intellectual property rights for the future An-140S and An-140T cargo aircraft. The An-140S is a version of the An-140-100 passenger plane with a large loading/unloading hatch, while the An-140T is a version equipped with a ramp.

The airplane is manufactured at Aviacor plant in Samara. Design of the aircraft was done by ANTONOV ASTC (Ukraine) TV3-117V-SB1 engine designed by SE Ivchenko-Progress, manufactured by Motor Sich (Ukraine) Technical maintenance is provided by Aviacor OJSC with the support of ANTONOV ASTC. The transfer of intellectual rights enables the Russian Defense Ministry to buy the An-140 from a Russian company, rather than from the Ukrainians.

Rosoboronexport, the Aviacor Aircraft Factory (part of the Russian Machines corporation) and Italy-based Elettronica S.p.A. signed a package of agreements in Samara to cooperate on equipping the Antonov An-140 class of aircraft with modern electronic and radio equipment. The Antonov An-140-100 will become even more competitive on many regional markets when equipped with new equipment.

"Different types of the Antonov 140-100 multipurpose aircraft have been successfully used in civil aviation and by the Ministry of Defense of Russia. Moreover, thanks to its technical characteristics, the aircraft is in demand in Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nigeria and other countries in Southeast Asia and Africa," noted Rosoboronexport representative Konstantin Grek.

"The Samara-based Aviacor Aircraft Factory began serial production of the Antonov 140-100 in 2006. Today we are interested in the production of different versions of this aircraft for applications in passenger and cargo transport, as a patrol aircraft, as part of aircraft surveying and mapping systems and environmental monitoring," said Aleksey Gusev.

Aleksey Gusev also noted that the signed agreements provide an opportunity for different enterprises in the Samara region to participate the project, including the Ekran Scientific Research Institute in particular. "The agreements between Rosoboronexport, Aviacor and Elettronica S.p.A. ensure the successful promotion of the Russian-produced Antonov 140-100 on the world market, and they increase the standing of our company," noted Gianni Maratta, Business Development Manager for Russia and the CIS countries at Elettronica S.p.A.

High-wing An-140-100 at insignificant cost can be transformed into a light transport plane with the ramp. Main areas of modification: improvement of take-off, landing and flight performance, raising fuel efficiency through upgrading the power plant by substituting the TV3-117-SBM engine with TV7-117 or TV3-117-SBM3. The An-140-100T has the potential of becoming the base military airlift plane for the Russian Navy.

In April 2013 Samara Aviakor Aviation Plant (part of the Russian Machines corporation) has signed a new contract for the production and delivery of three An-140-100 aircraft. The customer under this contract is the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the aircraft will be supplied for the needs of naval aviation of the Navy. Aircraft for the Navy will be manufactured in a standard cargo-passenger version. Their production and transfer to the customer Aviakor plans to implement within a year. The An-140 liners are intended to replace the An-24 and An-26 models in service.

In August 2015 Aviakor suspended the Antonov An-140 manufacturing program as a result of supply-chain disruption against a backdrop of deteriorating diplomatic ties after the conflict in Ukraine, Crimeas annexation and international sanctions. The Russian airframer had co-operation agreements with 34 major An-140 component suppliers in Ukraine from which it received such crucial systems as landing gear for the regional twin-turboprop. Those supplies, however, have been "severely disorganised" by Russo-Ukrainian conflict, says Aviakor director general Anatoly Gusev. "Substituting them with alternative domestic equipment instantly is impossible," he said.

AN 140 turboprops made in Samara have successfully served in the Defence Ministrys fleet for several years already. Besides, the AN 140 has been mentioned during the aviation industry meeting chaired by the Russian President on 12 May 2016 as one of the four possible choices of the regional aircraft. In fact, out of all the proposed options the AN 140 is the only one which has been really produced in Russia, and more specifically here at Aviacor, for many years. The dependence on the Ukrainian design house and suppliers remains an open issue but with the help of the import substitution program the production of the AN 140 might become the least costly among all the types of aircraft presented to the President as a possible solution for the regional aviation.

By 2017 the Tu-204SM and An-140 had vanished into obscurity.

Maximum commercial payload 6 000 kg
Number of passengers, max 52
Crew 2+1
Maximum take-off weight 21 500 kg
Maximum landing weight 21 000 kg
Maximum cruise speed 540 kmph
Engines TV3-117VMA-SBM1 2 x 1,838 kW
Required runway length 1 495 m
Range with max commercial payload 1 300 km
Range with 52 passengers (payload 4580 kg) 2 340 km
Range ferry range 3 680 km
Fuel consumption average per hour 630 kg/hr
Fuel consumption average per km 1.36 kg/km
Fuel consumption fuel efficiency 0.10231 kg/
Maximum fuel capacity (v = 0.81 kg/cm3) 4 640 kg
Service life currently 25 years
planned to extend life to 30 years.
Technical maintenance system ensures
  • 2400-2600 flying hours annually;
  • maintenance labor content of not more than 1.5 man hours per 1 flight hour;
  • airplane maintenance downtime no more than 0.5 hour per 1 flight hour.
  • Key advantages of An-140-100 An-140-100 allows operation at 75% of airfields in CIS, including runways with gravel, pebble and other loose surfaces, as well at high-altitude runways (H=2500m) and in extreme hot/cold weather conditions (-55C ... +45C).
    Enlarged baggage-cargo compartments has 1.3-1.5 more volume versus same class airplanes.

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    Page last modified: 14-04-2018 18:00:23 ZULU