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Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau

    Ulitsa Uralskaya, 19 
    199161, St. Petersburg, Russia 
    Telephone: (011-7-812) 350-29-83; 
    Telex: N/A; 
    Fax: (011-7-812) 350-09-25
    

ALTERNATE NAMES: Tsentralnoye morskoye konstruktorskoye byuro (TsMKB) "Almaz," CMDB "Almaz."

PRIMARY BUSINESS: Branch: Shipbuilding; SIC Code: 373
FORMER MINISTRY SUBORDINATION: Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry
APPROXIMATE EMPLOYMENT: Total: 600; Date: 1992
PRINCIPAL OFFICERS:
Aleksander Vasilyevich Shlyakhtenko, Director
General and Chief Designer
OWNERSHIP: United Machine-building Plants
YEAR ESTABLISHED: 1940

Corvettes, missile ships and boats
Project 20382 "Tiger": corvette
Project 12421 Missile boat
Project 12418 Missile boat
Project 12300 "Scorpion": missile-artillery boat
Project 20970 "Catran": Patrol boat
Project 23420 Small ASW ship
Patrol ships and boats
Project 12300 "Scorpion": missile-artillery boat
Project 10410 Border patrol ship
Project 10412 Patrol boat
Project 14310 "Mirazh": Patrol boat
Project 12200 "Sobol": Patrol boat
Project 12150 "Mangoost": High-speed patrol boat
Project 12260 "Yastreb": Small high-speed patrol boat
Air-cushion vessels
Project 1239 Surface effect missile ship
Project 12322 "Zubr": Air-cushion landing ship
Project 12061E "Murena-E": Air-cushion landing craft
Project 20910 "Chilim": Small air-cushion landing craft
Mine countermeasures vessels
Project 266ME Ocean mine countermeasures vessel
Project 10750E Inshore minesweeper
Project 12701 Coastal mine countermeasures vessel
Salvage and rescue vessel
Project 21301 Salvage and rescue vessel

Almaz is a leading designer of high-speed combat ships and boats, including dynamically supported craft (hydrofoils, hovercraft, and surface-effect ships). Almaz is the designer of the Dergach missile air cushion vehicle, the Nanuchka and Tarantul-class missile corvettes, the Matka-class missile hydrofoil, the Pauk-class anti-submarine warfare vessel, and the Pomornik-class air cushion vehicle. Almaz is Russia's leading enterprise in developing amphibious and skeg-type air cushion vehicles (ACV). In fact, the entire history of ACVs in Russia is connected with Almaz. Ten ACV classes were in production. Over 90 ships were constructed with a displacement of 27 to 550 t (a total tonnage of 16,740 t). A major achievement in the development of large ACVs is represented by Type 12322 Zubr landing ship which has been series-produced since 1988 and is still the largest ACV in the world with a full displacement of 550 tons.

Established on 22 October 1949, the Almaz Design Bureau was, from the very beginning, oriented to developing high-speed boats and ships for the Navy and maritime Border Guard units. It inherited valuable experience from many generations of Russian and Soviet shipbuilders and employed many talented engineers from the design bureau of Plant #5, the TsKB-19 Central Design Bureau and several other enterprises.

Military products include designs for small surface combatants, including hydrofoil, air-cushion, and surface-effect ships. Civil products include designs for fast passenger hydrofoils, air-cushion vehicles, surface effect ships, fast ferries, and others. Almaz is developing surface-effect ships to be used as fast ferries for civilian use (Project "Mistral"). The "Dergach," designed by Almaz, is the world's largest surface-effect ship.

For a time the Almaz shipbuilding plant was part of Kakha Bendukidze's United Machine-building Plants. From 1994 through 1998 Bendukidze was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Shipbuilding Union "Almasi". In 1997 the Western Design bureau was merged into CMDB "Almaz". By 2007 Shipbuilding and Boatbuilding Concern, owned by Interregional Investment Bank, owned major stakes in Rybinsk-based Vympel plant, Yantar plant in Kaliningrad, Amur Shipyard and enjoyed close cooperation with the Almaz design bureau.

The Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau (CMDB) joint stock company, part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation since 2009, is a leading design & engineering company with a diversified range of products covering practically all types of surface combatants and special purpose vessels. The design bureau traces back to October 1949 when it initially specialized in design of long-range high-speed combat craft. The Almaz CMDBs ancestor is the design bureau founded in 1932 at the Sea Border Patrol Services shipyard in Leningrad. This bureau has developed legendary MO-4 small submarine hunters and -3 torpedo boats, famous for their World War II experience.

In 1956, the special design bureau was renamed as the CDB-5 Central Design Bureau. Having developed the best Russian torpedo boat of the postwar decade (Project 183), the CDB-5 initiated occurrence of a brand-new combat craft class by designing first missile boats in the world. Those were Project 183R Komar and Project 205 Osa missile boats. In reference to this class of surface combatants the Western countries coined the term fast attack craft (FAC). The Project 183 creators P.G.Goynkis, G.I.Kitayenko, E.A.Popov became Stalin premium prize-winners in 1951, and missile boats architects E.I.Yukhnin, A.P.Gorodyanko and V.P.Gusev were awarded with Lenin premium in 1961.

In a course of time the Bureau developed and enlarged the scope of design activity. In 1963, after merging with the CDB-19 Central Design Bureau which specialized in boats, the Company gets the actual name of the Almaz CMDB and becomes the USSR leader in design of innovative vessels.

During several decades combat craft developed by the Almaz CMDB made a large part of the Soviet naval materiel export. Delivered to the USSR partners navies, these boats were highly appraised. Deployment of Project 183R and Project 205 missile boats in local wars proved their high combat efficiency which made naval analysts change their views on future naval fleet development.

In the sixties, the Almaz CMDB created a new class of surface combatants, small missile ships, having developed Project 1234 Nanuchka, and later, innovative Project 1240 and Project 1239 Dergach missile ships. While a Project 1240 ship was an automatic control hydrofoil platform capable of attaining 60+ knots speed, a Dergach was designed as a hybrid of a catamaran and a surface effect ship, able to reach over 50 knots speed. Two Project 1239 ships, Bora and Samum, still serve in the Black Sea Naval Fleet. In 2002, the Almaz CMDB team became prize-winners of the State Premium of the Russian Federation for creation of Dergach small missile ship.

The Almaz CMDB is the creator of the first combat amphibious craft and landing air cushion vessels (ACV) in the world. By the bureaus designs Russian and ex-Soviet shipyards have built more than 90 ACVs displacing from 27 to 550 t. In 1978, landing ACV designers L.V.Ozimov, M.V.Psarev, V.K.Dyachenko and Y.M.Mokhov were awarded with the State Premium of the USSR. One of the milestones in ACV development were Project 12322 Pomornik landing ACV serially built since 1988 and still remaining the largest landing ACV in the world. Export deliveries of Pomornik ACV to the Navy of Greece, NATO country, proves exceedingly high scientific and technological expertise of the Almaz CMDB designs. Besides, a series of smaller ACVs of Project 12061E Murena-E was delivered to the South Korean Navy and in 2010 there was an agreement to sell two Murena-E to Kuwait.

In the 1980s, by way of improving fast attack craft the Almaz CMDB develops a family of Tarantul missile boats armed with advanced supersonic antiship missiles and powered by diesel and/or gas turbine engines. India has purchased the license for one project, and a number of boats were delivered abroad. In 1998, Tarantul missile boats designers A.V.Shlyakhtenko, E.I.Yukhnin, V.N.Ustinov, E.F.Volkovich, V.I.Portnykh and V.P.Pylev were prize-winners of the Russian Government Premium.

The Almaz CMDB has long and fruitful experience of cooperation with marine border patrol service: ships and boats built by our designs have always made the backbone of their fleet. These are projects 199, 125A, 1400, 1398, 1207, 205P, 12412. For the Russian Coast Guard and for foreign customers Projects 10410 and 10412 border patrol ships are in build in large series. Over 30 units are commissioned to date. In 2000, authors of the project were awarded with the Russian Government Premium.

Almaz completed work in the summer of 2001 on a Greek contract for two Zubr hovercraft and as of early 2002 was building two Svetlyak guard ships for Vietnam.

Following the package approach to marine border patrol activity, the Almaz CMDB has developed the System of ships and boats designed for patrol of sea borders, EEZ and continental shelf. Beside the Project 10410 it includes serially built high-speed boats of projects 12150, 12200 and 14310. These boats capable of reaching 50 knots speed allow rearranging the routine of sea border patrol. These speeds are made possible due to implementation of automatic control bottom interceptors. The team from the Almaz CMDB who took part in developing the system was awarded with the Russian Government Premium.

Presently, the Almaz CMDB is proposing a new design of a ship for patrolling 200nm EEZ. The Project 6457S Sproot fishery patrol vessel upgraded by the Almaz CMDB has also been commissioned to Russian Coast Guard in June 2009. In 1998, after merging with the Zapadnoye design bureau, the Almaz CMDB scope of design activity enlarged. The Almaz CMDB took over such directions as mine countermeasures vessels, salvage vessels, launch and transport floating docks, shelf exploration vessels. Designs of those were adequate, if not to say superior to the worlds best equivalents. To mention just a few, these are Project 12660 Rubin mine hunter capable of neutralizing advanced deepwater sea mines, and second-to-none Project 537 Osminog salvage vessel, and Project 2121 Sukhona launch floating dock for Sevmashpredpriyatie. One of the authors, V.N.Chesnokov was awarded with the State Premium of the USSR in 1984.

Nowadays, a number of projects designed for both the Russian Navy and foreign customers are under way - either in design or in build. Firstly, this is a Project 20380 Steregushchiy-class multipurpose corvette, the procurement programme for which actually restarted renewal of the Russian Naval Fleet in a new millennium. In 2007, the first of class corvette Steregushchiy was handed over to the Russian Navy. The second, Soobrazitelniy, and the third, Boykiy, were launched, while two more still in build. These corvettes will be armed with up-to-date weapons and systems. A missile boat line of products is represented by Project 12300, Project 20970 and Project 12418 (one of Tarantul family) a number of units were built for the Vietnamese Navy, build for two more foreign customers is in progress. As far as MCM vessels are concerned, commissioned in 2008 mine hunter Vice-admiral Zakharin is the unique vessel capable of detecting and neutralizing sea mines ahead on the course. Project 21300 salvage vessel designed for rescuing distressed submarines is fully under way. The ship will be equipped with advanced rescue capabilities. By her basic features the vessel is going to outmatch the worlds best equivalents. It was planned to be commissioned in 2011.

The Almaz CMDB has developed representation boats of projects 360 and 1360. The Project 1360 boat Kavkaz underwent upgrade in 2002 to become the presidential yacht of the Russian President. Worth mentioning are Project 21270 Burevestnik and 21600 Khosta representation boats.

Designing export-oriented projects plays an important role in the Almaz CMDB activities. By the Bureaus designs there has been built over 1,000 units for more than 40 countries, saying nothing of license-building in China, India and Viet Nam. There were export deliveries of torpedo and missile boats, small torpedo ships, MCM vessels, patrol ships and boats, ACVs and floating docks. The Almaz CMDB has an exquisite expertise in various types of ships, boats and docks and is capable of proposing a wide variety of designs of diversified types, sizes and applications.

The Almaz CMDB works in a close cooperation with leading research, scientific, design and engineering organizations to improve speed and sea-keeping qualities of our vessels, to implement advanced weapons, sensors and navigation systems making our vessels meet the worlds highest standards.




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Page last modified: 09-12-2016 19:49:32 ZULU