Project 62 radar patrol ship
In 1958 the technical project of the Project 58 destroyer with rocket weapons was completed. The lead missile destroyer of project 58 Grozny was put into operation on December 30, 1962. In total, 4 ships were built. Later, in order to give them a higher status, the ships were reclassified as missile cruisers, although with a length of only 142 m they were far from cruisers.
In TsKB-53 the study of the Project 62 radar patrol ship was begun. To speed up the design process, it was decided to create the ship on the hull of pr. 58 and with the same power plant. The chief designer was appointed N.P. Sobolev.
According to TTZ, the ship was supposed to carry out long-range radar patrol as part of search and strike groups in order to detect enemy aircraft at maximum distance, transmit data on the air situation to the ships of the group, and also, if necessary, centrally control the air defense systems of the group. Specially for this purpose, a two-coordinate Typhoon air target detection radar was developed with a detection range of up to 350 km. In addition, the ship pr.62 was to be equipped with a guidance system for fighter aircraft.
In 1954, a project for a large-displacement ship with powerful weapons designed for ocean navigation had been developed for the Navy (project 82). The heavy cruiser of project 82 was designed by the beginning of 1951, at the end of the same year the first ship of the Stalingrad series was laid down at the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant in Nikolaev, and the government decree dated April 18, 1953, the construction of this project was already stopped.
The Project 82 was supposed to use a heavy-duty "Typhoon" radar for the early detection of airborne and surface targets. The station for the long-range detection of air targets and guiding aircraft of the Vakhta type is indicated among the radars of this ship in the appendix to the draft resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers of March 25, 1950 "On the heavy cruiser of project 82", which approved the main elements of the task for the development.
But in the few works of fleet and shipbuilding historians about this project, the Typhoon and Spill radar do not appear in the electronic armament of the cruiser. How did the above products appear in the history of NII-10 / Altair about "Stalingrad" is a mystery. Most likely, this is the result of some kind of confusion in the numbers of projects of post-war warships.
The development of this radar was entrusted to NII-10. The Ministry of Electronic Industry ordered a powerful magnetron in the 10-12 cm range with a pulse power of at least 10 MW, which at that time was a difficult task. The station was supposed to implement a number of new products, including protection from all types of active and passive interference, information processing on potentioscopes, indication of the location situation on the characteristics with highlighting of target parameters, frequency modulation in the pulse, determination of target height, different station operation modes, etc.
A prototype of the Typhoon station was manufactured at the Salyut plant, but it was not delivered to the ship because in connection with the appearance of a potential adversary with intercontinental missiles, it was decided that the construction of such a ship would be inadvisable. So the Typhoon radar was not destined to become a powerful weapon of the Navy. However, some of the ideas embodied in this station were later implemented by the Design Bureau of the Salyut plant in the Voskhod radar.
At the same time, the “Spill” rangefinder-goniometer radar was developed at the institute under the direction of F.N. Malakhov. The task of this station is to increase the accuracy of determining the coordinates and range of air targets for guiding fighter aircraft to enemy aircraft. The Razliv radar was installed on the Dzerzhinsky cruiser of the Black Sea Fleet and showed excellent results, but did not receive further development for the same reason as the Typhoon radar. In 1956-1957 On the basis of the Razliv radar in the ten-meter range, the Angara survey radar was developed.
Meanwhile, in the "Brief technical report on the work in the field of radar and heat locating carried out in 1955" at this institute, it is explicitly stated: "In 1955, in order to fulfill the tasks assigned to the institute, in the field of radar and anti-radar equipment: .. developed a draft design of a ship interference-free radar station for early warning of air targets "TYPHOON"; developed a draft design of a ship noise-protected radar station for early warning of air targets "SPILL"; ... "
Thus, in reality, the creation of these radars clearly belonged to the next stage in the development of the Russian Navy - the development of large ships with missile systems, which began in the second half of 1954. For example, both of them were planned to be mounted on Project 64 light cruisers with a missile system and missile launchers (re-equipped unfinished KRLs of Project 68bis-ZIF, Tue. Pol. 1957 - 1958), on the nuclear light cruiser URO of Project 63 (1956-1958), a project 81 air defense ship with missiles (1955-1956), a project 70 missile cruiser (re-equipped KRL project 68bis, 1955-1957) [History of domestic shipbuilding. SPb., 1996. T. V: Shipbuilding in the post-war period (1946-1991). S. 160-167]. Actually, the radar for determining the height of air targets "Spill" was placed on the light cruiser of the project 70E - KRL "the absence in the Navy at that time of substantiated requirements for new ships and prevailing views on their armament "[Vasiliev A.M., Morin A.B. Anti-aircraft missile rearmament of project 68bis cruisers. S. 102]. And at the turn of the 1950s - 1960s. the development of domestic surface warships went a different way, from the class of destroyers.
The project 62 radar patrol ship had a hull with an extended forecastle, relatively small superstructures and three masts with antenna posts, two of which were trellised, similar to pr.61 BOD, and one was a pyramidal carrier bearing a Typhoon radar. Since this ship was intended primarily for illuminating the air situation and centralized control, it only had defensive weapons, consisting of the M-1 air defense system with the Yatagan control system (aft), two twin AK-726 universal mounts with the SU Turret ”(in the nose), two three-tube torpedo tubes for 533-mm anti-submarine torpedoes and two RBU-6000 rocket launchers. For the temporary basing of the Ka-25RC helicopter, a runway and an aircraft fuel supply were provided. The main power plant was similar to cruiser pr. 58 and consisted of four steam boilers of the KVN-95 type and two GTZA with a total capacity of 90,000 hp.
After the technical project was completed in 1963, it was decided to build a series of ships of the project 62 in the amount of 4 units. The foundation was laid at the A.A.Zhdanov Leningrad Shipbuilding Plant (Shipyard No. 190, now Severnaya Verf Shipyard), but already at the end of that year the construction was quickly stopped, since it was necessary to empty the slipway for BOD pr.1134 , construction which has become more priority. In January 1964, the failed ship of the radar patrol was dismantled, and in its place was laid the lead BOD pr.1134 , which became the founder of the famous series of Berkut ["Golden Eagles"].
|Displacement, tons: standard||~ 5,000|
|main measurements, m:|
|greatest length||142 meters / 462|
|Main power plant:||4 steam boilers KVN-95/64, 2 GTZA TV-12|
|total power hp (kW)||90,000 (66,150)|
|DG-500 diesel generators, power, (kW)||2 x 500|
|turbogenerators TD-750, power, (kW)||2 x 750|
|machinery||2 shaft; 2 propellers|
|largest||30 ... 32|
|Cruising range, miles (at speed, knots)||n / a|
|Crew (including officers)||n / a|
|Aviation||platform for the Ka-25RTs helicopter ("Hormone B ")|
|General Detection Radar||
|CC detection radar||
|Fire control radar||
|means of communication||n / a|
|State Identification Radar||n / a|
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