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Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin
diesel icebreaker

Russia is constructing the worlds most powerful diesel-engined icebreaker. The LK-25 (project 22600) will be 146,8 meters long and a crew of 38. It will be able to operate autonomously for 60 days in up to two meters thick ice. The first vessel of the kind named Viktor Chernomyrdin is built for the Russian state company Rosmorport. The diesel-electric LK-25 "Viktor Chernomyrdin" worth 11 billion rubles, built and launched at Baltzavod, will be completed by the Admiralty shipyards. Baltzavod will concentrate on nuclear LK-60, the construction of which, like LK-25, is very late. Meanwhile, problems with the timing already call into question the financing of the commissioning of the LC-25.

Viktor Chernomyrdin is named after Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin (1938-2010), a Russian politician, the longest-serving Prime Minister (19921998) and the first chairman of the Gazprom (natural gas and oil production corporation company).

Work as a line icebreaker providing high maneuverability and icebreaking capability (it can move steadily in the ice up to 2 m thick), work as an auxiliary icebreaker providing assistance to complex convoys of vessels on the Northern sea Route.

  • Independently escort of vessels in shallow Arctic waters and in the mouths of Siberian rivers;
  • Towing of vessels and other floating platforms in the ice and open water assistance to vessels in distress and rescue operations in ice conditions and open water;
  • Delivery of necessary equipment and participation in oil spill response operations using its on-boars equipment;
  • Provision of underwater technical works using equipment and specialized systems installed on board the vessel in the drilling rig and oil platform areas, seabed studies, search and rescue operations, fire-fighting on vessels, drilling and oil platforms;
  • Transportation of scientific expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic (availability of living spaces for 90 people, space areas of over 300 square meters for research laboratories , the conditions for accommodation of two Mi-8 and Ka-32 heavy helicopters on board), a number of other special operations at sea.

By the end of 2012, the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) will receive another 870 million rubles from the budget. for completion of the diesel-electric icebreaker LK-25 "Victor Chernomyrdin". This amount should cover losses from the devaluation of the ruble and other negative factors. But it is not clear whether this money will suffice for completion: the exact cost of the icebreaker has not yet been determined, while in the open documents the amount of 3.7 billion rubles appears. The term for the transfer of LK-25 FSUE Rosmorport will also move in connection with the ice tests scheduled for the spring of 2019.

Until the end of the year, the government will allocate US $ 870 million. to completion of the icebreaker LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin, told Kommersant in the Ministry of Industry and Trade. The money will be transferred to the authorized capital of USC and subsequently transferred to the accounts of the Baltic plant, which initially built the icebreaker, and then the Admiralty Shipyards, which started its completion in the summer (see Kommersant on July 25). The money will be transferred "to repay the losses that arose in connection with the completion of construction," the ministry explained. As Kommersant was informed in USC, the losses are related to the influence of external and internal negative factors of the economy, fluctuations in the exchange rates and the need to attract loans.

The contract of 7.9 billion rubles. at LK-25 FSUE "Rosmorport" and USC concluded in 2011. The customer was to receive an icebreaker in 2015, but Baltzavod had problems with the project: the designer was changed several times, as a result, the development was transferred to the Nizhny Novgorod KB "Vympel", which is part of the USC. Because of this, the ship had to be altered already "in metal", which took a lot of time and energy.

At the end of 2013, the construction of the icebreaker was suspended by the BSC in view of the gross mistakes identified in the development of the ship's design documentation, so that the projected preponderance of the load of the icebreaker's mass was about 2,500 tons. As reported in the report on financial and economic activities of FSUE "Rosmorport" for 2014, in the current situation, in January-March 2014 a number of meetings were held under the leadership of the Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation, A.L. Rakhmanov.

An expert working group was established with the involvement of the Krylovsky State Research Center and a number of leading design bureaus to analyze the state of the developed CPAP, a comparative analysis of this CPAP with the TP, previously developed by CB "Petrobalt", the development of principal decisions on the further design and construction of the ship, taking into account the already fabricated structures and purchased equipment.

In 2014, with the devaluation of the ruble, foreign equipment became more expensive, which led to an increase in construction costs. As they told "Kommersant" interlocutors in USC, today the estimated cost of the project is close to 11 billion rubles. At the beginning of the year, the budget has already given 700 million rubles to cover the exchange rate difference. (see "Kommersant" on January 11).

USC transferred LK-25 to completion of the Admiralty Shipyards (also part of USC), a defense plant whose main nomenclature is non-nuclear submarines and ice-class ships for the Navy. In September, a tender was opened on the state procurement website, which disclosed the legal mechanism for the transfer: Baltzavod drew Admiralty Shipyards to construction as a contractor (see September 13). The main issues were the price and terms of work indicated in the tender: "Admiralty Shipyards" undertook to complete the icebreaker for 3.7 billion rubles by June 2019 (officially the surrender is to be held on September 30, 2018). Subsequently, the source of "Kommersant" at the "Admiralty Shipyards" confirmed that for the completion of the LK-25 "about this amount is needed." But the interlocutors of Kommersant in USC say that this figure is not final and the shipyard's calculations had yet to be verified.

Taking into account the case structures already fabricated on the BZS, it is not possible to return to the hull design in the TP concept in full. Compensation of the constructive increase in weight loads and the maximum draft of 9.7 meters, given in the TP - 9.5 meters, are possible with the implementation of additional design solutions and the processing on their basis of all CPAP, which will lead to a reduction in the weight of the vessel and ensure the specified characteristics of the vessel. The implementation of the recommendations of the expert working group allows to maximize the use of already constructed hull structures of the ship, to continue its construction and to achieve the main functional and technical characteristics of the LK-25 specified by the state contract.

Construction of the icebreaker Viktor Chernomyrdinon the revised project was resumed at the BSS only in the second half of 2016. On the descent of the icebreaker to the water on December 30, it was announced that the planned date for the icebreaker delivery is now the fourth quarter of 2018 - but it is unclear whether this period will be sustained.

On September 1, 2017, the ill-starred linear Viktor-Chernomyrdin linear diesel-electric icebreaker project 22600 (LK-25) was transferred for completion from afloat to Baltiysky Zavod Shipbuilding (St. Petersburg) LLC on the opposite bank of the Neva to JSC "Admiralty Shipyards".

The diesel-electric icebreaker Viktor Chernomyrdin, which is being built at the St. Petersburg shipbuilding plant Admiralty Shipyards, is scheduled to be commissioned in 2020. The head of the group of tutors of the North-Western Basin Branch of the FSUE "Rosmorport" Georgy Melnik told reporters in the TASS press center in St. Petersburg 25 April 2019. "The construction of another diesel-powered icebreaker Viktor Chernomyrdin is under construction, it is located near the wall at the Admiralty plant, this year it must have running gears and, probably, it will be commissioned in 2020," he said.

United Shipbuilding Corporation received an order for the construction of an icebreaker in 2011 for 7.94 billion rubles. The icebreaker of the project 22600 with a capacity of 25 MW is being built by order of FSUE "Rosmorport" since December 2012, the vessel will become one of the most powerful non-nuclear icebreakers in the world, it is planned to use it on the Northern Sea Route. In November 2018, a fire occurred on the vessel under construction, as a result of which part of the icebreaker equipment was damaged.

Builder Baltic Shipyard
Length overall 142.4 (143.6) m / 146.8 m
Beam overall 29 m
Minimum draft 9.5-9.7 m
Board height 15.5 m
Speed (open water) 17 knots
Icebrealing capability (steady movement at delivered power of 25 MW) ice 2 m thick

Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin

Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin Project 22600 LK-25 Viktor Chernomyrdin

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Page last modified: 28-04-2019 18:52:28 ZULU