Project 22100 Okean
In the early 2000s, the question arose of the need to create a border patrol ship capable of ice navigation for use in the Arctic in order to protect the country's interests in the high latitudes. At that time, neither the Russian Federation nor any other state had "laid eyes" on the natural resources of this region of the planet, and did not have these ships. At that time, the North Design Bureau in cooperation with the Border Service of the FSB began work on defining the concept of such a ship.
It was supposed to announce a tender on the FSB to develop with the participation of SPKB and other enterprises. According to the patrol boat ice navigation should go alone in the ice thickness to at least one and a half meters, and should not be "weaker" than the ice strengthening of ships that carry cargo along the Northern Sea Route (NSR). According to experts, two sizes of such vessels were sufficient to ensure Russia's economic interests and the protection of its maritime boundaries around the coast of the Arctic Ocean within a minimum of marine economic zone of Russia.
In 2006, the Northern Design Bureau with the project 22460 "Rubin" (chief designer Alexey Naumov) has won the tender of the Federal Border Service of Russia on the border patrol ship of a new generation. One of the conditions of the competition was a small cost of ship construction, besides the victory secured the administrative resources of the Northern Design Bureau. The main competitor of "Rubin" on the tender was PSKR project 22100 with two gas turbines development CMDB "Almaz". Under the new program includes construction of patrol vessels to carry a large FPS series and in several shipyards.
According to the annual report of JSC "Severnaya Verf" work included design work on the patrol ships of the 1st rank for the protection of the exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of the Russian Federation the project 22100 ( "Ocean" code), which is supposed to be built at this shipyard plant. Today, the marine guards were not satisfied with alternative border patrol ships of the 1st grade of the project 11351 ( "thieves", "Dzerzhinsky"). Not least because they are not ice-class ships. Objectives of the project development of radically new PSKR set for CMDB "Almaz". The proposals were sent to the designer Northeast Border Coast Guard management of FSB of Russia.
The ship is a multi-functional, has a high combat capability and is able to participate in full-scale rescue operations. From the combination of the technical characteristics (speed - 20 knots, ice class, cruising range - up to 12 thousand miles, autonomy -. 60 days) "Ocean" has no analogs. The border patrol ships of this type should replace PSKR projects 11351 and 97P. In accordance with the draft design new PSKR, bookmark which is scheduled for early 2012, will be able to serve in standalone mode for 60 days. Modern power plant will increase the range of the ship's voyage compared to PSKR several times in 1135 the first project. In addition, according to the draft PSKR be able to serve in the Arctic region, overcoming ice areas.
Particular attention is paid to the creation of favorable living conditions for the crew, and of assigned staff. It is noted that the new PSKR cabins, each of which provides a bathroom, designed for two people. Round the clock throughout the life thanks to two desalinators will be served hot and cold water. Household and office spaces were designed for comfortable performance of duty.
In April 2015, the Federal Security Service (FSB) of Russia ordered the construction of two border patrol ships of project 22100 "Ocean" (serial numbers 112 and 113). Appropriate application on behalf of the military unit 55056 located in the public procurement portal. The ships should be delivered before December 1, 2019 in Murmansk. Order issued in the form of purchases from a single supplier. The total amount released to both ships is 17.32 billion rubles. The ships will be transferred to the Coast Guard of the Border Service of the FSB.
On 5 May 2016, the PTS "Nevsky Bastion" published photo essay "Border patrol ship (PSKR)" Polar Star" that went to sea April 26, 2016, the border patrol ship "Polar Star" was released from Kronstadt to the sea. And it seemed, could test ended and the ship is sent to the place of permanent deployment. But until that happens, May 5, 2016 PSKR "Polar Star" was still in the waters of the Gulf of Finland near Kronstadt.
With a sophisticated gun due to be put into service by the Russian Navy in the near future, its warships will have an advantage over NATO vessels. Initially, the AK-176MA wastested aboard the guard ship Polyarnaya Zvezda (Polar Star), the lead ship of project 22100 Okean (Ocean). The Russian Navy decided to equip all of its small missile ships and boats with a unique high-precision digital 76 mm automatic gun, the Russian newspaper Izvestia quoted a Russian navy source as saying. Designed to contain NATO warships equipped with Italian-made Oto Melara guns, the AK-176MA is equipped with an all-weather electro-optical system.
It said that the new gun's combination of high ballistic performance with an electronic management control system add to the AK-176MA's complete superiority over its main competitor, the 76-mm gun made by the Italian firm Oto Melara, which is used by the ships of more than two dozen countries. Izvestia quoted military expert Vladimir Shcherbakov 20 September 2016 as saying that the 76-mm automatic multi-role naval guns are a universal weapon that actually can destroy a whole array of targets. "They are capable of destroying not only the enemy ships, but also airborne targets, including drones. Also, these guns can be effectively used to fire on a coast, including on targets located at a considerable distance from the coastline," he said.
|standard displacement||about 2,700 tons|
|maximum width||14.80 m|
|high ice class.|
|power plant||German diesel engines MTU.|
|Full speed||20 knots|
|cruising range of economic progress||up to 12 000 miles ,|
|autonomy||up to 60 days.|
|helicopter|| permanent base class Ka-27PS in the hangar|
(possibly basing UAVs Gorizont G-Air S-100)
|Automated complex||communication "Buran-6M"|
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