Project 22010 Kruys / Yantar
Oceanographic research vessel
The new oceanographic research vessel "Yantar" project 22010 was built for one of the most secret structures of the Ministry of Defence of Russia - Main Directorate for Deep Sea Research. In May 2015 the Russian Navy received a brand new oceanographic research vessel, the Yantar, which is equipped with two self-propelled deep submergence vehicles; the ship was built at the Russian Baltic shipyard of the same name, Yantar, and is slated to be used for deep-sea research and rescue operations.
The ship has been christened the Yantar, the Russian word for amber. It was named after Russia’s Baltic shipyard in Kaliningrad it was built at, which bears the same name, Yantar; the Russian exclave is known for its amber.
The main task of the oceanographic research vessel is to search at the bottom of the ocean for sunken objects, and the study of the seabed. With a total displacement of 5230 tons, the ship has pr.16810 "Rus" and pr.16811 "Consul" type manned vehicle autonomous submersibles (AHA). The ship may simultaneously carry and use two devices of this type. The ship is equipped with multiple autonomous unmanned underwater vehicles.
The project was designed by CMDB Almaz ["Diamond"] of St. Petersburg, and the Chief Designer of marine support vessels and special purpose ships CMDB Almaz - Alexander Forst. Construction of the ship was at Shipyard "Yantar" in Kaliningrad. The contract for the construction of ships pr.22010 "Amber" and pr.11982 "Seliger" was signed between Russia and Navy Shipyard "Yantar" February 16, 2009.
Ship "Amber" was laid July 8, 2010, the day of the 65th anniversary of the factory "Amber", and called its name. With the boathouse shop number 178, the hull launched May 31, 2012. As of December 2012 it was planned by the end of 2013 to complete most of the state tests of the ship. Research facilities would be tested during 2013-2014 in the Navy, the ship was to go down in 2014. The lead ship "Yantar" in Kaliningrad built and named in honor of the shipyard, the Ministry of Defence handed over in May 2015.
By the operating experience of the lead ship will be decided on the construction of the second sister vessel to the Pacific Fleet. Baltic Shipyard "Yantar" (COR - part of United Shipbuilding Corporation OSK) began construction of oceanographic research vessel (OIC) "Almaz" ["Diamond"] by order of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation according to the press-service of the enterprise. "June 9 at the boathouse of the plant held a solemn ceremony of the OIC "Almaz", the press-service stated. The ceremony was attended by representatives of the RF Ministry of Defence, the General Command of the Armed Forces, USC and Central Maritime Design Bureau (CMDB)." Almaz " after whom the ship is named. The contract for the construction of the OIC "Almaz" was concluded between the COR and the Defense Ministry in March 2016. The ship is to be delivered to the customer in 2019. This is the second ship of the project 22010, developed by the CMDB "Almaz".
OIC Project 22010 ships are unlimited navigation area. They are designed for the study of the oceans and the thickness of its bottom. For vessels based deep-sea manned and autonomous underwater vehicle type "Rus" and "Consul". OIP can be used in rescue purposes assigned to them equipment allows you to search for sunken objects on the sea and the ocean floor. The vessel is designed for deepwater research. The 108.1m-long vessel, with a beam of 17.2m, was developed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau in St. Petersburg. The propulsion system includes two fixed pitch propellers and two bow thrusters. The ship carries the latest, most innovative equipment for acoustic, biological, physical, and geophysical surveys. It has a displacement of 5,200 tons, a maximum speed of 15 knots, a range of 8,000nm, and can accommodate a crew of 60 members. The vessel's equipment includes at least two deepwater, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) Rus and Konsul, which can be used for rescue operations.
The shipbuilders of the Baltic shipyard Yantar launched two oceanographic research vessels for the Main Directorate for Deep-Water Research of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. This was announced to TASS on 28 October 2019 by a source in the shipbuilding industry. "The so-called technical launch of vessels without a ceremony on this occasion took place in the first decade of October," he said. These were the vessels of project 02670 "Eugene Gorigledzhan" and project 22010 "Almaz". "Eugene Gorigledzhan" was reloaded in 2016 on the basis of the sea tugboat MB-305 of project B-92. Its main declared task will be "carrying out underwater technical work." The vessel's displacement is 4 thousand tons, autonomy is 30 days, the crew is 32 people plus 25 members of the expedition. Almaz is the second vessel of project 22010, laid down on June 9, 2016. Displacement - 5.2 thousand tons.
Russia has been active in tracking undersea communication cables, which carry the bulk of the world’s telecommunications data. Since 2007, Divetechnoservices has procured a variety of underwater equipment and diving systems for Russian government agencies, to include the FSB. Further, in 2011, Divetechnoservices was awarded a contract to procure a submersible craft valued at $1.5 million for the FSB.
On board the "Amber" are devices that are designed for deep-sea tracking, as well as equipment for connecting to top-secret communication cables. The ship, if necessary, can be the carrier of the deep-sea inhabited bathyscaphe "Rus", "Consul" and "Mir" which can dive to about 6,000m (20,000ft). In the summer of 2015, American warships recorded "Amber" near the naval base of Kings Bay (Georgia). According to Pentagon representatives, the Russians collected information on the equipment of American submarines, including underwater sensors, a single DoDIN information network.
In September 2015, Bill Gertz reported on one official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity owing to the sensitivity of the information, said the ship is a concern because it is equipped with deep-sea surveillance craft and cable-cutting equipment. "A second defense official said the Yantar’s mission is not only to prepare to disrupt underwater communications. The ship is also part of a Russian underwater reconnaissance program to identify undersea communications trunk lines and nodes."
Air Chief Marshal Sir Stuart Peach, the chief of the defence staff, warned in December 2017 that Russia could strike a "catastrophic" blow to the economy by targeting communications and internet cables that run under the sea. "It's a pattern of activity, and it's a vulnerability". Peach said in a speech in London "Can you imagine a scenario where those cables are cut or disrupted, which would immediately and potentially catastrophically affect both our economy and other ways of living if they were disrupted?"
"We are now seeing Russian underwater activity in the vicinity of undersea cables that I don't believe we have ever seen," said U.S. Navy Rear Adm. Andrew Lennon, the commander of NATO's submarine forces. He said "Russia is clearly taking an interest in NATO and NATO nations' undersea infrastructure." "They can do oceanographic research, underwater intelligence gathering... "And what we have observed is an increased activity of that in the vicinity of undersea cables. We know that these auxiliary submarines are designed to work on the ocean floor, and they're transported by the mother ship, and we believe they may be equipped to manipulate objects on the ocean floor."
"Arguably, the Russians wouldn't be doing their jobs if they couldn't threaten underwater cables. Certainly, NATO allies would not be doing theirs if they were unable to counter that," said Adam Thomson, a former British ambassador to NATO.
|Length||107,8 /350 feet|
|Propulsion||2 fixed pitch propellers, 2 bow thrusters|
|Equipment|| 2 deep-diving autonomous underwater vehicles|
(1 - Project 16810, 1 - Project 16811)
|#||Name||Basing||Plant||Laid Down||Launch||Entry into service||Notes|
Plan - 2012 (2011)|
Plan - Fall 2012
display in TD-8
(expected launch of TD-8)
Plan - May 2013 (2009)
Plan - 2014 (2012)
|09 Jun 2016||01 Nov 2019||Plan - 2019 (2016)|
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