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Project 1206 "Kalmar"

Landing craft air cushion type "Kalmar" [SQUID] (Project 1206), was developed in the PCB "Almaz" [Diamond] in the early 1970s. According to the classification of NATO, these amphibious hovercraft were classified as "Lebed" [Russian for swan] Class. The chief designer was L.V.Ozimov,, watching from the Navy was Captain 2nd Rank V.Litvinenko. The Landing boat of this project were built for the Soviet Navy in the period from 1972 to 1985, the year in shipyards of Leningrad and Feodosia. A total of 20 units were built for this project.

In the years 1972-1981 was built 20 units of the project in 1206, "Squid". A little reservation. "Squid" is a regular participant naval parade on the Day of the Navy of Russia in Astrakhan. From the Caspian Sea to Astrakhan distance twice. And his DKVP crossed without any difficulty.

The layout of amphibious hovercraft pr.1206 "Kalmar" largely repeating arrangement of its predecessor - DKVP type "Adelia". The cargo compartment is located at the given DVKA with a through-passing technology at the center plane, and service bays are spaced along the sides. At full speed, "Squid" was controlled air rudders placed for the propulsion system, and at low speeds - jet rudders from the air bleed from the axial fans, blowers. Marching thrusters - 4-blade controllable-pitch propellers (diameter 3.5 m) in the annular nozzles.

The landing boat of the project was used both independently and for unloading troops and equipment to the large landing ships pr.1174 (type "Ivan Rogov"). DVKA on pr.1206 VI was the basis for the creation of an experimental artillery boat "Swallow" and subsequently created a multi-purpose amphibious assault ship "Murena". On the basis of pr.1206 there was also developed a remote-controlled trawler, which was built in series in the mid 1980s.

displacement113-115 tons
length24.6 m
width10.8-11.8 m
draft afloat1.1 m
speed55 knots
cruising range100 miles at 50 knots
autonomy1 day
powerplant2 x 10,000 hp MT-70 gas turbine, TG 2 to 16 kW
weapons1 x 2 mm 12.7 mm machine gun "Utes-M"
RTV radar "Kivach-2"
desantovmestimost
  • 80 people or
  • 120 landings, or
  • 1 medium tank T-54 (T-72 was easily loaded into the landing bay), or
  • 2 PT-76 light tank, or
  • 37 tons of cargo
  • crew6 people (2 officers)

    Name Factory Laid LaunchEntry
    into
    service
    Note
    Leningrad, "Almaz" - 2 units
    D-456?131......>30.12.1972
    D-235?132......31.01.1974
    Theodosius, "More" - 18 units
    D-633?101......31.12.1975
    D-379?102......1976
    D-703?103......31/12/1976?
    D-435?104......30/12/1977?
    D-438?105......31/12/1977?
    D-277?106......09/23/1978?
    D-279?107......08/31/1979?
    D-347?108......30/11/1979?
    D-348?109......26.08.1980?
    D-52?110......30/11/1980?
    D-64?111......08/29/1981?
    D-154?112......30/12/1981
    D-141?113......08/30/1982?
    D-145?114......1982
    D-451?115......30.09.1983?
    D-452?116......06/30/1984?
    D-454?117......30.11.1984?
    D-457?118......30.09.1985



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    Page last modified: 09-06-2016 19:04:02 ZULU