Comando Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas
The origins of the armed forces joint command (CCFFAA) go back to the 1950s when the estates-General higher military institutions studied the experiences of operational employment of forces during the second world war and exposed the need that the armed forces of the Peru, have a permanent joint organization by the importance of unity of command in the planning of operationswhose implementation and employment in any armed conflict requires permanent coordination of all the military resources, air and naval of the nation.
Address this need, the schools of war and the center of high military studies, presented a feasibility to create a new organization where national defense planning is carried out on an ongoing basis; in both peacetime and war, involving the three military institutions in this task, designing its mission, organization and functioning, in order to optimize the use of human and material resources of the armed forces to ensure the independence, sovereignty and integrity of the territory of the Republic.
With the Supreme Decree on September 03, 1956, appointed a Commission to study the draft bill for the Constitution and legally regulate the functioning of the bodies of national defence, consisting of the generals of Brigade José del Carmen Marín Arista, Félix Huaman Izquierdo and Alfredo Rodríguez Martínez for the army; Rear Admiral Alfonso Souza Armandoz, masters of ship Hernán Vásquez Lapeyre and Carlos Monge Gordillo, by the Navy and major General William Van or ' VDRs León, Carlos Moya Alvarado and Guillermo Alegre Soriano by the air force.
One of the first results of the activities of the Commission was the presentation of the project of creation of the command set of the armed forces, which was finally approved by DS No. 002-GM/1 on 01 February 1957, designating it as first President of the CCFFAA General Division Manuel Cossio Cossio.
It is needed in the articles of the Supreme Decree that "the joint command of the armed forces, reports directly to the President of the Republic, is the highest step of the planning and coordination of the operations of the forces of the army, Navy and Aeronautics".
The changes that have occurred over the years in environments global, regional and national security and defense-related have been some structural and organizational changes in the command set of the forces armed. so of a structural chart which initially consisted of a Chairman of the armed forces joint command, a Chief of staff and their corresponding divisions and autonomous officesdue to the emergency situation that lived the Peru between 80 and 90, were expanded the fields of action of the General staff to creating the internal front with its own Subjefatura of staff, thus the joint command step to have two subjefaturas, one for the domestic front to meet the terrorist situation in general and the other for the external front to deal with problems of security and national defense.
To achieve peace on the domestic front and produced the lifting of the State of emergency in most parts of the territory again in 2002 organizational structure with a single Chief of general staff with its traditional divisions and Office autonomous.
The same year, at six (06) divisions of staff traditionally established, increases with the 7th division called, Centre of international humanitarian law and law of war which works in close coordination with support as the Committee of the International Red Cross agencies.
Within the framework of the new law on the defence Sector, was included as a body of line in organic and functional structure of the Ministry of defence to the joint command of the armed forces establishing an organization according to its guidelines, with their respective bodies of support, advice and line counting with the: 1st Division that is responsible for aspects of human rightsCivil Affairs, personnel and doctrine, 2nd Intelligence Division, 3rd Division for operations, 4th Logistics Division, 5th Division on telematics, 6th Division than this-oriented treatment of Strategic Affairs and international among measures of mutual trust, peace operations, international cooperation, Liaison Office, Antarctic Affairs, ecology and environment and treaties and conventions and finally the Centre of international humanitarian law.
In 2008, the Chief of the joint command of the armed forces approved the restructuring of the Joint Chiefs, as well as the creation of of the higher school of the armed forces, together with the intensification of operations in the VRAE, which are the main achievements that contribute to our institution will be consolidated as the major strategic driver military of the nation.
It is so the new organization of the Joint Chiefs of the armed forces has eight divisions set major State (DIEMCFFAA), because of the necessity of adapting the institution to the demands now imposed by the new threats facing States. In virtue of this restructuring, the Division of telematics has been replaced by the Division of plans and policy, as well as the Division of command, Control and communications rather than the Division of Strategic Affairs and international. The seventh DIEMCFFAA preparation and evaluation of the forces, and eighth DIEMCFFAA operations of information have also been created. It also emphasises the unification of the North East operational command (cone) with the Amazon River operational command (COFA), creating this way the operational command of the Amazon (COAM), which DSAT, organize, direct and lead operations and joint military action of the forces assigned in its area of responsibility for the fulfilment of the tasks on the external frontinternal and border surveillance system.
As noted above, with the creation of the higher school of the armed forces began the academic activities with the aim of improving the preparation of the senior officers of the army, Navy of war and air force, so that they are properly trained to serve as officers of the Joint Chiefs.
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