Wilayat Najd (Najd Province)
The designation Wilayat Najd of Islamic State in Saudi Arabia existed unofficially since 2014. Najd Province is a sparsely populated region of central Saudi Arabia.
The Najd Province group said it carried out attacks at two Shi'ite mosques in Saudi Arabia in May 2015. Islamic State militants claimed two bombings in the Arabian peninsula on May 22, 2015 targeting Shi'ite mosques. A group describing itself as a newly-established affiliate said it was responsible for a blast in the eastern Saudi Arabian governorate of Qatif that killed at least 19 people.
The Islamic State considers Shi'ite Muslims to be heretics. The Islamic State "has ordered its soldiers everywhere to kill the enemies of religion, especially the Rawafedh (Shiites)," a spokesman for the group is heard as saying in the audio message. Shiites are "apostates" and "it is our duty to kill and displace them... wherever they may be," added the unidentified speaker.
The Islamic State group claimed responsibilty for a suicide bombing June 26, 2015 at a Shi'ite mosque in Kuwait's capital that killed at least 25 people. An IS-affiliated group known as Najd Province said it carried out the attack at Kuwait City's Imam Sadiq Mosque. The bomber detonated his explosives while the mosque was packed with worshippers attending Friday prayers.
The Islamic State’s self-proclaimed leader, Abu Bakr al Baghdadi, specifically changed his call for Saudis to join the caliphate in Syria. Instead he has directed them to remain at home and wage Jihad on their rulers to liberate Mecca and Medina from the Al Saud. “O sons of the Lands of the Two Holy places.” he declared in November 2014, “Among you is the head of the snake, the stronghold of the disease. Unsheathe your swords! First go after the Rejectionists (that is the Shia) wherever you find them, then the Al Salul (a designation equating the Al Saud to a seventh century leader of the so-called hypocrites of early Islam) and their soldiers before the Crusaders and their bases. Tear them to pieces!”
Mujahideen of the Arabian Peninsula
The Wilayat Najd is one of the two Islamic State provinces in Saudi Arabia. In November 2014 a group calling itself the “Mujahideen of the Arabian Peninsula”, referring to Saudi Arabia given the statement’s reference to the “apostate rulers of the lands of al-Haramayn (Mecca and Medina)”, also vowed allegiance to IS and announced “the raising of the banner of jihad” (holy war). In the fourth and final message in a series from fighters in Algeria, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen pledging allegiance to the Islamic State (IS) and its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, “mujahideen of the Arabian Peninsula” gave their pledge. The statement condemns Saudi Arabia’s involvement in airstrikes against the Sunni mujahideen in Iraq and Syria, rather than against Alawites and Shiites.
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