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JAT Jemmah Anshorut Tauhid
aka Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid
aka Jama'ah Ansharut Tauhid
aka Jemmah Ansharut Tauhid
aka Jem'mah Ansharut Tauhid
aka Jama’ah Anshorut Tauhid
aka Laskar 99;
aka "Jat"

JAT comes closest to being a successor to JI, but it is a very different phenomenon. JAT emerged as a challenge to the Indonesian Mujahidin Council (Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia, MMI) after a leadership dispute led to Abu Bakar Ba’asyir’s resignation from the latter in July 2008. It set up an office in Solo as well as regional (wilayah) and district (mudiriyah) branches, mostly on Java but also in Nusa Tenggara Barat. JAT drew on three main pools: former MMI members, JI, and teachers at the Ngruki school.

Ostensibly an above-ground advocacy organisation for the application of Islamic law, JAT has had from the beginning a clandestine military component whose members have taken part in organised military training and occasionally in violence. It exemplifies the blend of jihadism and vigilantism and has a hisbah (morality department), committed to enforcing the amar ma’ruf nahi munkar principle through mass actions. One of JAT’s primary contributions to radicalization has been the sponsorship of taklim across the country by extremist preachers who have encouraged attendees to see the Indonesian government as the enemy. These taklim have replaced Islamic boarding schools (pesantren) as a primary vehicle for recruitment, but it is not so much that preachers identify likely cadres at these meetings as that action-oriented young people can find the leaders they are seeking and form their own cells.

JAT has been hit hard by the Aceh arrests in 2010-11 and its survival may depend on the dynamism of Ba’asyir’s two sons, Abdul Rahim and Rasyid Ridho.

On 23 February 2012, the United States designated JAT as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) under Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act and as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist under section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224. An Indonesia-based group, JAT is responsible for multiple coordinated attacks against innocent civilians, police, and military personnel in Indonesia. These designations coincide with the Department of the Treasury’s designation of three JAT leaders: JAT’s acting Emir Mochammad Achwan, JAT spokesperson Son Hadi bin Muhadjir, and JAT leadership figure Abdul Rosyid Ridho Ba'asyir, involved in recruiting and fundraising activities.

JAT seeks to establish an Islamic caliphate in Indonesia, and has carried out numerous attacks on Indonesian Government personnel and civilians in order to achieve this goal. Abu Bakar Ba’asyir, the founder and leader of JAT, and a UN 1267 listed individual, was convicted and sentenced to prison in 2011 for his role in organizing a militant training camp in Aceh. Ba’asyir is also the co-founder and former leader of Jemmah Islamiya (JI), a designated Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO), which is responsible for the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings that killed more than 200 people.

JAT has conducted multiple attacks targeting civilians and Indonesian officials, resulting in the deaths of several Indonesian police. JAT has robbed banks and carried out other illicit activities to fund the purchase of assault weapons, pistols, and bomb-making materials. This past year, on September 25, 2011, a JAT suicide bomber detonated explosives inside a church in Central Java, killing the bomber and wounding dozens. Indonesian police arrested other JAT members in connection with this bombing and uncovered a plot for additional suicide attacks. In April 2011, a suicide bomber carried out an attack at a mosque in West Java that injured dozens of police officers and killed the bomber.

These designations play a critical role in our fight against terrorism and are an effective means of curtailing support for terrorist activities and pressuring groups to abandon terrorism. The consequences of these designations include a prohibition against knowingly providing material support or resources to, or engaging in other transactions with JAT, and the freezing of all the organization’s property and interests in property in the United States, or that come from within the United States, or the control of U.S. persons. The Department of State took these actions in consultation with the Department of Justice and the Department of Treasury.

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Page last modified: 24-04-2017 16:05:34 ZULU