Islamic Salvation Movement
Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement
Harakat al Jihad al Islami
The Eritrean government of President Issayas Afewerki and the ruling People's Front for Democracy and Justice, the only permitted party, face armed opposition within the country from the Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement and from the Eritrean Liberation Front faction led by Abdallah Idris. Both groups are based in Sudan. At a congress held in Khartoum in September 1998, the Eritrean opposition group Harakat al Jihad al Islami (Eritrea Islamic Jihad Movement) changed its name to Harakat al Khalas al Islami (Islamic Salvation Movement). The movement has been seeking the forceful overthrow of Eritrea's government and its replacement by an Islamic government. Sudanese authorities indicated their official support of the movement when they allowed the Movement's Secretary-general Sheikh Mohamed Amer to hold a news conference in Khartoum.
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