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Military

FDPC (Democratic Front of the Central African People)

There is unconfirmed speculation that the Libyan government financed the FDPC. They are also the only Central African militia with a website. The Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC), the Libyan-backed group headed by Abdoulaye Miskine, reinstated barriers in their zone between Kabo and Sido on the Chadian boarder by late 2009. The groups did so in protest of the arrest of two officers and frustration on the ground with the lack of promised funds from the DDR process. It was also probable that Miskine was annoyed that he had yet to be named to the diplomatic post he was promised for signing onto the process.

In the early morning of Saturday, 21 February 2009, elements from the FDPC (Democratic Front of the Central African People) attacked the towns of Batangafo and Kabo in Northwestern CAR and absconded with weapons and ammunition. The FDPC, led by General Abdoulaye Miskine (for a time in Libya) claimed that some 400 troops attacked the town. Observers believed the number was more likely 50, but more troubling were reports that hundreds of demobilized FDPC combatants have rejoined the group. Miskine, and his new political ally Abakar Saboun of the MLCJ (Movement of the Central African Liberators for Justice), rejected the national peace talks of late 2008 and were believed to be agitating for further concessions.

At 0100 on 14 February 2009, unknown persons attacked the military camp/prison at Bossambele. Reports and rumors are contradictory, but it appears that some 15 "Sudanese" were freed. This is believed to be a group of anti-Khartoum rebels who were seized in Birao, CAR in April of 2008. The group is reported to have fled to the north and also reported to have abandoned a car on the eastern side of Ndele, on the road to Birao. Two guards were killed. There are reports that part of the base was burned, including the FACA trucks and, more ominously, there are reports that quantities of "heavy" weapons were taken. The FDPC may be the force behind the Bossambele prison break.

By the end of 2009 there were two major groups outside of the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration program (DDR) peace process -- the Patriotic Convention for Justice and Peace (CPJP), Democratic Front of the Central African People (FDPC) -- along with a number of smaller armed bands. The FDPC pulled out of the process citing delays in implementation and the murder of two of their members in a Central African jail.



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