Front Kedaulatan Maluku
(Maluku Sovereignty Front)
The Front for the Sovereignty of the Moluccas (FKM), established on June 15, 2000 at Ambon, is an association of political and human rights organisations, that want the restoration of Maluku's robbed sovereignty.
The Maluku Sovereignty Front, sometime known as the RMS (Republic of the South Moluccas), is a tiny, mostly non-violent group that advocates self-determination for the Malukus, a group of small islands in eastern Indonesia. The separatist group originally got most of its support from Maluku emigrants living in the Netherlands in the 1960's and 1970's, but most of that has largely dwindled.
In January 2004 a court in Indonesia's Maluku Islands sentenced nine men to prison terms up to 15 years for their involvement in a mostly Christian separatist movement. The district court in the Maluku capital of Ambon convicted the nine of treason. Two senior members of the separatist Maluku Sovereignty Front received 15-year prison sentences, while six others were given 13 years. A judge said the ninth man was sentenced to only 30 months in jail because he said he was an Indonesian citizen, signaling his loyalty to the country. The government moved to jail the nine men because it wants to show that it is sticking to a Maluku peace pact reached in the town of Malinao in 2002. One of the council in that Malinao agreement was to take to the court anybody who has something to do with either RMS or any kind of terrorist organization.
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