Alex Boncayao Brigade (ABB)
The ABB, the urban hit squad of the Communist Party of the Philippines, was formed in the mid-1980s.
The ABB is responsible for more than 100 murders and is believed to have been involved in the 1989 murder of US Army Col. James Rowe in the Philippines. Although reportedly decimated by a series of arrests in late 1995, the June 1996 murder of a former high-ranking Philippine official, claimed by the group, demonstrates that it still maintains terrorist capabilities. In March 1997, the group announced that it had formed an alliance with another armed group, the Revolutionary Proletarian Army.
Location/Area of Operation
According to the State Department Patterns of Global Terrorism 2003 Report, the largest RPA/ABB groups are on the Philippine islands of Luzon, Negros, and the Visayas.
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