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PAF Badin

In 1962 the PAF established a radar installation at Badin, due to the strategic importance of the area. It was located close to the Indian border, and enemy aircraft taking off from forward Indian airfields in Rajasthan would have to pass through its coverage to attack civil and military targets in the lower Sind region between Sukkur and Karachi. For a number of years the base remained an important sector operations centre contributing to the air defence of a large area in the southern region of Pakistan.

The base is located in the typically sandy and flat terrain of the southern Sind where the post-independence availability of water transformed the countryside into highly productive farm lands. Due to its remote location, in the early days friends did sympathize if one was posted to Badin. But with the efforts and initiatives of each successive base commander, the technical and domestic facilities at Badin continued to improve and today the base is fully self sufficient in all operational, administrative and recreational respects.

Throughout the 1965 war Badin's men warded off air attacks and kept its operational facilities fully intact. On 21 September 1965, when an enemy rocket set ablaze an equipment building, Leading Aircraftman Muhammad Anwar Hussain Khan, a radar mechanic of the maintenance wing, died a hero's death while trying to extinguish this fire. For his courageous conduct Anwar Hussain was posthumously awarded the Tamgha-e-Juraat. His body lies buried near the main guard room where floral wreaths are laid on his grave on 7 September every year to renew the memory of his valor.

Some time before the 1971 war began, the sector operations centre at Badin was moved to a new location to enable it better to cover a larger area of responsibility. During that war, the observer squadrons of the base were deployed at their assigned surveillance posts and provided excellent and timely warnings to the air defence network. In one air raid against Badin itself the determined gunners of the ack unit shot down an attacking Mig-21 with their intensive and accurate fire.

Much has been done in recent years by way of further development and modernization of the base. Its responsibilities have been enhanced both in magnitude and in character to enable it to continue its solid contribution to the PAF's operational efficiency.

Badin district is situated between 24-5` to 25-25` north latitude and 68 21' to 69 20' east longitude. The district is bounded on the north by Hyderabad district on the east by Mirpurkhas and Tharparker districts, on the south the Arabian Sea and Rann of Kutch, which also forms the international boundary with India, and on the west it is bounded by Thatta and Hyderabad districts. The total area of the district is 6,726 square kilometers and the district consists of five talukas, they are Badin, Matli, Tando Bago, Golarchi and Talhar and with the introduction of the Devolution System the talukas have been sub-divided into the Union Councils numbering 49, Tapas 109 and Dehs 511.

History of Badin is related with the history of Sindh in general and with lower Sindh in particular. This area was the center of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Islam came into the region by 711. The areas remained under the control of the caliphate until it came under the control of the Ghaznavids. In 1592, Sindh came under the direct rule of the Mughal emperors.

The literacy ratio of the district is 24.63 percent. The male literacy ratio is nearly three time higher at 35.01 percent as compared to 12.90 percent for the females in 1998, there are sharp differences in the literacy ratios by sex and area. The ratio in the urban areas is more than double at 44.76 percent as compared to 20.52 percent in the rural areas. In the rural areas male literacy is more than three times higher at 20.66 percent compared to female literacy ratio at only 9.23 percent. It is 56.24 percent for males and 31.33 percent for females in the urban areas.

The major castes of the Muslims in the district Badin are Somra, Mallahi Mil's Bahar, Macchi, Malkani, Syed, Umrani, Lashari, Theba, Rustmani, Rind, Leghari, Lohar, Lund, Liskani, Lodhi, Chandia Sameja, Sial, Sarna, Suha, Sahta, Chang, Nizamani, Khaskheli, Sirai, Sonara, Khosa, Khokher, Khakher, Kalhora, Khowaja, Kaloi, Katyar, Kumbhar, Keerya, Kehri, Korai, Kori, Kakepota, Bajeer, Buedi, Bakari, Bhurgi, Bhanbhra, Babar, Bozdar, Bhatti, Bhoot, Bhan, Bhaunra, Hajam, Hesbani, Farouqui, Khatti, Khatri, Shaikh, Sirki, Qazi, Shahani, Luneja, Larwar, Jatoi, Lara, Lat, Latuareja, Turk, Lamali, Jiskani, Panhwar, Pathan, Parh, Gaha, Gurgaiz, Dalwani, Dal, Sheedi, Qambarni, Bilali, Hoshani, Mir Talpur, Mandhra, Mehri, Mehranpota, Meheenpeta, Miyan, Halepota, Gopang, Rahima, Nohria, Nahiyan, Notyar, Rahu, Ruhokra, Athla, Abbasi, Abra, Arain, Kumbho, Malik, Wadha, Wahera, Zangeja, Zaouner, Zeendpur, etc. while there are Kohlis, Bheels, Meghwars, Dewans, Lohanas, Khatris, Bagris( which are called Baras ), Kokris, Karias, Rebaris are non-Muslims castes settled in the district.

In district Badin 55 post offices have been working since the year 2002. Considering the projected population 1252,45 thousand of the district for the year 2002, hence there are four post offices for about 91,087 population of the district. Internet facility is available in all the Talukas of the district. At least all ISPs (Internet Service Providers) are providing there services to the District. Various Internet Caf are available, where a number of people used internet facility. Internet Cable Service is also available at District.

In Badin district there are numerous shrines of the saints, which are visited by hundreds of the people daily not only from parts of the district but also beyond. The shrines include that of Saman Shah, one of the greatest saints of Sindh of the last century, the shrines of 22 Pirs of Lowari Sharif including that of the famous poet of Sindhi language, Khowaja Muhammad Zaman and others. While other famous saints who graced this part of Sindh have their last abodes are Raj Shaheen, Ghulam Shah, Ahmed Rajo, Sajan Sawai, Mah Wali, Shah Qadri, Miyoon Mooso, Shah Gariyo, Syed Tajuddin Shah alias Shah Turail, the Hussain Shah 'Sail', Sawall Fakir. The known poets of Sindh, Gul Ghaibee. Shah Dewano, Shaikh Kirhyo Bhandari, Sarwar Fakir, Khan Shah, Mehmood Fakir, the folk Sindhi poet, Shaheed Dodo Soomro, who laid down his life fighting against the invading forces of Alluddin Khijli and others.

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Page last modified: 09-07-2011 13:03:35 ZULU