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Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries /
Ishikawajima Shipbuilding and Engineering Co., Ltd.

This company, formerly called the Hirano Shipyard, was founded in 1876. World-renowned for generations as a shipbuilder, Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. (IHI) is second in Japan only to Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. IHI is involved in such high-tech industries as aerospace, energy, and material distribution.

In 1853 Lord Nariaki Tokugawa of Mito was appointed by the ruling Tokugawa Shogunate to build a shipyard on Ishikawajima. This island at the mouth of the Sumida River, which flows into Tokyo Bay was strategic for the coastal defense of Japan. The site was that of the old shipyard, where a sailing barque, the Asahi Maru, had been built in the late years of the Tokugawa Dynasty, by the Prince of Mito, one of the Shogun's family, and where also the first war steamer, the Chiyodagata, was built in 1861-05.

The works, at their commencement, built many wooden sailing ships, steamers not being so popular in those days. With the intention of impressing shipowners with the superiority of steamers over ordinary sailing ships, Mr. Hirano built about a dozen small steam tufrs (called the Tsu-kwai Maru) for sale or hire, and these were soon purchased by various shipowners. The shipyard had thus been gradually established, and in 1884 the Government Engine Works at Yokohama were purchased and incorporated with it. In 1885 the works were commissioned to build an iron gunboat of 615 tons displacement, the Chdkai, this being the first order entrusted to Japanese private builders. She was completed in 1885, and the works were then transferred to the present ownersthe Ishikawajima Shipbuilding and Engineering Company.

To meet the pressing demand for ship repairing, after the sudden expansion of the Japanese mercantile marine in 1894-95, a new graving dock was started by the Ishikawajima Company at the port of Uraga, and was completed in 1898, being provided with complete shipbuilding facilities. The principal vessel built in this yard was the Kotsu Maru, of 1 500 gross tons, launched in 1901. Since then, not much new work of importance has been done. The shipyard was finally amalgamated with the Uraga Dry Dock Company in 1902.

A new era for Ishikawajima--and the change to its current name--began in 1960 as the company merged with the 53-year-old Harima Shipbuilding & Engineering Company, Ltd. A major shipyard known for its construction of large vessels, Harima had three subsidiaries of its own./p>

The modern IHI Aioi Works Complex is comprised of the (a) Aioi shipyard undertaking the building, rebuilding and repair of ships and construction of bridges and other steel structures (b) the Aioi Diesel Engine Works which also serves the entire IHI complex with its casting foundry and (c) the Aioi Boiler Works which produces land and marine boilers, pressure vessels and other plant components. These three facilities employed approximately 5000 persons in the early 1980s. Shipbuilding orders declined in the late 1980s.

Presently Japan's top manufacturer of jet engines, after 1989 the company concentrating on the expanding air- and space-related divisions. This continued its research and development, innovation, and expansion into new product lines which began after World War I. Despite the severe earthquake in 1923, in 1924, the Ishikawajima Airplane Manufacturing Company began operation. A major shift in production and marketing emphasis during the 1980s made heavy industry and plant technology the source of close to 70% of the company's income. Also strong is the company's aerospace division, which produces jet engines, and leads the industry in developing space rockets and experimental devices. The company acquired land in Soma City, Fukushima Prefecture, and completed the construction of Soma First Plant in 1998 and in 2006, a large-scaled second plant was built on an adjacent piece of land. Soon after, IHI quickly started procedures to transfer its heavy equipment from Tanashi,Tokyo to Soma City. IHI, anticipating the increasing demands for jet engines, decided to bring together in one area various industries from across the country.

In 1994 land was purchased in Soma Citys Industrial District, which was developed by Organization for Small and Medium Enterprises and Regional Innovation Japan. The influencing reasons to acquire land were first, Tanashi Plants 50-year-old building that could no longer sustain production demands, and the inability to expand within the urban area. Also, in order to build an innovative plant with high quality, internationally competitive and progressive products, the company needed a building structure that would uphold a significant superiority against rival companies. Furthermore, a hard look toward the future suggested that to support such global strategies, purchasing large land areas was considered indispensable. The company searched all over Japan for the best industrial development, and as a result, Soma City was chosen as the ideal location and a 230,000? area was acquired.

1853 Established Ishikawajima Shipyard
1907 Established Harima Dock Co.,Ltd.
1929 Renamed Harima Dock Co.,Ltd. to Harima Shipbuilding & Engineering Co.,Ltd.
1945 Renamed Ishikawajima Shipyard to Ishikawajima Heavy Industries Co.,Ltd.
1954 Kure Dock Co.,Ltd. spun off from Harima Shipbuilding & Engineering Co.,Ltd. to form Kure Shipbuilding & Engineering Co.,Ltd.
1960 Ishikawajima Heavy Industries Co.,Ltd. merged with Harima Shipbuilding & Engineering Co.,Ltd. to from Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co.,Ltd.
1968 Merged with Kure Shipbuilding & Engineering Co.,Ltd.
1995 Established Marine United Inc. in joint operation with Sumitomo Heavy Industried, Ltd.
2002 Spun off the shipbuilding and offshore operations from Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co.,Ltd. and merged with Marine United Inc. renaming the company to IHI Marine United Inc.
2008 Taking over the activites of IHI SA Technology Co.,Ltd. Kure Works and IHI Kure Shingu Works
2009 Merged with IHI Kure Marine Construction Co.,Ltd.

Notable Achievements

1877 Delivered the "Tsu-un Maru", the first steamship built by a private Japanese shipbuilder
1888 Delivered "Chokai", Japan's first steel gunboat
1961 Delivered the "Asia Maru", the first example of Economical Hull Form
1966 Delivered "Idemitsu Maru", the world's first very large crude oil carrier (VLCC)
1967 Delivered the first "Freedom" class mass-produced, multi-purpose freighter
1973 Delivered the world's largest tanker, the "Globtik Tokyo", of 480.000 deadweight tons
1986 Delivered the "Zane Barnes", the world's largest semi-submersible oil drilling rig
1988 Developed the world's first contra-rotating propellers for large ocean-going ships
1993 Delivered two units of the first IHI developed SPB-type LNG carriers
1996 Delivered the world's first steel floating storage and offloading unit (FSO) for LPG
1998 Delivered Aegls Destroyer "Chokai"
2004 Delivered the "SANHA", LPG Floating Production Storage and Offloading system (LPG-FPSO)
2008 Delivered the first "Future-56", standard type bulk carrier
2009 Delivered Destroyer "Hyuga"

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Page last modified: 04-08-2012 19:03:28 ZULU